Hymn of the Soviet Union

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The Hymn of the Soviet Union was the national anthem of the Soviet Union; it was first written in 1944, and was changed in 1977. This song replaced the old anthem, The Internationale.

Below is the Russian and the English versions of the lyrics; both can be sung to the music. For the official versions in other languages of the Soviet Union, see other language versions.

1977 version[change | change source]

Official lyrics[change | change source]

Russian Transliteration

1.

Союз нерушимый республик свободных
Сплотила навеки Великая Русь.
Да здравствует созданный волей народов
Единый, могучий Советский Союз!
ПРИПЕВ:
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Дружбы народов надёжный оплот!
Партия Ленина—сила народная
Нас к торжеству коммунизма ведёт!

2.

Сквозь грозы сияло нам солнце свободы,
И Ленин великий нам путь озарил:
На правое дело он поднял народы,
На труд и на подвиги нас вдохновил!
ПРИПЕВ

3.

В победе бессмертных идей коммунизма
Мы видим грядущее нашей страны,
И Красному знамени славной Отчизны
Мы будем всегда беззаветно верны!
ПРИПЕВ

1.

Soyuz nerushimy respublik svobodnykh
Splotila naveki velikaya Rus'!
Da zdravstvuyet sozdanny voley narodov
Yediny, moguchy Sovetsky Soyuz!
CHORUS:
Slavsya, Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Druzhby narodov nadyozhny oplot,
Partiya Lenina — sila narodnaya
Nas k torzhestvu kommunizma vedyot!

2.

Skvoz' grozy siyalo nam solntse svobody,
I Lenin veliky nam put' ozaril,
Na pravoye delo on podnyal narody,
Na trud i na podvigi nas vdokhnovil!
CHORUS

3.

V pobede bessmertnykh idey kommunizma
My vidim gryadushcheye nashey strany,
I krasnomu znameni slavnoy otchizny
My budem vsegda bezzavetno verny!
CHORUS

IPA transcription[change | change source]

1.

[sʌ.ˈjus nʲɪ.ru.ˈʂɨ.mɨj rʲɪs.ˈpub.lʲɪk svʌ.ˈbod.nɨx|
splʌ.ˈtʲi.lə nʌ.ˈvʲe.kʲɪ vʲɪ.ˈlʲi.kə.jɪ ˈrusʲ
də‿ˈzdra.stvu.jɪt ˈsoz.də.nɨj ˈvo.lʲɪj nʌ.ˈro.dəf|
ɪ.ˈdʲi.nɨj | mʌ.ˈgu.ʨɪj | sʌ.ˈvʲɛʦ.kʲɪj sʌ.ˈjus]
CHORUS:
[ˈslafʲ.sʲə ʌ.ˈtʲe.ʨɪs.tvə ˈna.ʂɨ svʌˈbod.nə.jɪ
ˈdruʐ.bɨ nʌ.ˈro.dəf nʌ.ˈdʲoʐ.nɨj ʌ.ˈplot
ˈpar.tʲɪ.jə ˈlʲe.nʲɪ.nə sʲi.lə nʌ.ˈrod.nə.jə
nʌs k‿tər.ʐɨst.ˈvu kə.mu.ˈnʲiz.mə vʲɪˈdʲot‖]

2.

[skvəzʲ‿ˈgro.zɨ sɪ.ˈja.lʌ nam ˈson.ʦɪ svʌ.ˈbo.dɨ|
i‿ˈlʲe.nʲɪn vʲɪ.ˈlʲi.kʲɪj nʌm‿ˈputʲ ə.zʌ.ˈrʲil|
nʌ‿ˈpra.və.jɪ ˈdʲɛ.lə on ˈpod.nʲɪl na.ˈro.dɨ|
nʌ‿ˈtrud i‿nʌ‿ˈpod.vʲɪ.gʲɪ ˈnas vdəx.nʌ.vʲɪl]
CHORUS

3.

[f‿pʌ.ˈbʲe.dʲɪ bʲɪˈsmʲɛrt.nɨx ɪ.ˈdʲej kə.mu.ˈnʲiz.mə
mɨ‿ˈvʲi.dʲɪm grʲɪ.ˈdu.ɕːiə ˈna.ʂɨj stra.nɨ
i ˈkras.nə.mu ˈzna.mʲɪ.nʲɪ ˈslav.nəj ʌˈʨiz.nɨ
mɨ ˈbu.dʲɪm fsʲɪg.ˈda bɪ.zːʌ.ˈvʲɛt.nə vʲɪr.ˈnɨ]
CHORUS

English lyrics[change | change source]

The official version of lyrics endorsed by CPSU:

1.

Unbreakable Union of freeborn Republics,
Great Russia has welded forever to stand.
Created in struggle by will of the people,
United and mighty, our Soviet land!
CHORUS:
Sing to the Motherland, home of the free,
Bulwark of peoples in brotherhood strong.
O Party of Lenin, the strength of the people,
To Communism's triumph lead us on!

2.

Through tempests the sunrays of freedom have cheered us,
Along the new path where great Lenin did lead.
To a righteous cause he raised up the peoples,
Inspired them to labour and valourous deed.
CHORUS

3.

In the victory of Communism's deathless ideal,
We see the future of our dear land.
And to her fluttering scarlet banner,
Selflessly true we always shall stand!
CHORUS

Literal translation[change | change source]

1.

The unbreakable union of free republics
Has been joined forever by Great Russia
Long live the united and mighty Soviet Union
Created by the will of peoples
CHORUS:
Glory to our free Fatherland
The stronghold of the friendship of peoples
Party of Lenin is the power of the people
It leads us to the triumph of Communism

2.

The Sun of freedom was shining through the storms
And the great Lenin lighted us the way
He raised peoples to the right cause
He inspired us for labour and for acts of heroism
CHORUS

3.

We see the future of our country
In the victory of the immortal ideas of Communism
We shall always be selflessy loyal
To the Red flag of our glorious Fatherland
CHORUS

1944 version[change | change source]

The 1944 text had three different refrains following three different stanzas; in each refrain, the second line was consequently modified with references to friendship, then happiness and finally the glory. In 1977, these refrains were replaced by a uniform refrain following all stanzas.

Official lyrics of 1944 version[change | change source]

Russian Transliteration from Russian

Союз нерушимый республик свободных
Сплотила навеки Великая Русь.
Да здравствует созданный волей народов
Единый, могучий Советский Союз!

ПРИПЕВ:
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Дружбы народов надёжный оплот!
Знамя советское, знамя народное
Пусть от победы к победе ведёт!

Сквозь грозы сияло нам солнце свободы,
И Ленин великий нам путь озарил:
Нас вырастил Сталин - на верность народу,
На труд и на подвиги нас вдохновил!

ПРИПЕВ:
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Счастья народов надёжный оплот!
Знамя советское, знамя народное
Пусть от победы к победе ведёт!

Мы армию нашу растили в сраженьях.
Захватчиков подлых с дороги сметём!
Мы в битвах решаем судьбу поколений,
Мы к славе Отчизну свою поведём!

ПРИПЕВ:
Славься, Отечество наше свободное,
Славы народов надёжный оплот!
Знамя советское, знамя народное
Пусть от победы к победе ведёт!

Soyuz nerushimy respublik svobodnykh
Splotila naveki velikaya Rus'!
Da zdravstvuyet sozdanny volley narodov
Yediny, moguchy Sovetsky Soyuz!

CHORUS:
Slavsya, Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Druzhby narodov nadyozhny oplot,
Znamya sovetskoye, znamya narodnoye
Pust' ot pobedy k pobede vedyot!

Skvoz' grozy siyalo nam solntse svobody,
I Lenin veliky nam put' ozaril,
Nas vyrastil Stalin — na vernost' narodu,
Na trud i na podvigi nas vdokhnovil!

CHORUS:
Slavsya, Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Schast'ya narodov nadyozhny oplot,
Znamya sovetskoye, znamya narodnoye
Pust' ot pobedy k pobede vedyot!

My armiyu nashu rastili v srazhen'yakh,
Zakhvatchikov podlykh s dorogi smetyom!
My v bitvakh reshayem sud'bu pokoleniy,
My k slave Otchiznu svoyu povedyom!

CHORUS:
Slavsya Otechestvo nashe svobodnoye,
Slavy narodov nadyozhny oplot,
Znamya sovetskoye, znamya narodnoye
Pust' ot pobedy k pobede vedyot!

English lyrics of 1944 version[change | change source]

Translated by Paul Robeson:

United forever in friendship and labor,
Our mighty republics will ever endure.
The great Soviet Union will live through the ages.
The dream of the people their fortress secure.
CHORUS:
Long live our Soviet Motherland, built by the people's mighty hand.
Long live our People, united and free.
Strong in our friendship tried by fire. Long may our crimson flag inspire,
Shining in glory for all men to see.
Through days dark and stormy where Great Lenin led us
Our eyes saw the bright sun of freedom above
and Stalin our Leader with faith in the People,
Inspired us to build up the land that we love.
CHORUS:
Long live our Soviet Motherland, built by the people's mighty hand.
Long live our People, united and free.
Strong in our friendship tried by fire. Long may our crimson flag inspire,
Shining in glory for all men to see.
We fought for the future, destroyed the invader,
and brought to our homeland the Laurels of Fame.
Our glory will live in the memory of nations
and all generations will honour her name.
CHORUS:
Long live our Soviet Motherland, built by the people's mighty hand.
Long live our People, united and free.
Strong in our friendship tried by fire. Long may our crimson flag inspire,
Shining in glory for all men to see.

Another version:

Unbreakable Union of freeborn Republics
Great Russia has wielded forever to stand!
Created in struggle by will of the Peoples,
United and Mighty our Soviet Land!
CHORUS
Sing to our Motherland, Free and Undying,
Bulwark of Peoples in Brotherhood Strong!
Flag of the Soviets, Flag of the people,
From Victory to Victory lead us on!
Through tempests the shadows of freedom have cheered us,
Along the new path where great Lenin did lead,
Be true to the people, thus Stalin has reared us,
Inspired us to labor and Valorus Deed.
CHORUS
Sing to our Motherland, Free and Undying,
Bulwark of Peoples in Happiness Strong!
Flag of the Soviets, Flag of the people,
From Victory to Victory lead us on!
Our army grew up in the heat of grim battle,
Barbarian invaders we'll swiftly strike down.
In combat the fate of the future we'll settle,
Our country we'll lead to eternal renown!
CHORUS
Sing to our Motherland, Free and Undying,
Bulwark of Peoples in Bravery Strong!
Flag of the Soviets, Flag of the people,
From Victory to Victory lead us on!

Note: These versions of the Anthem are a poetic interpretation of the Russian lyrics rather than a word-by-word translation.'

1944 literal translation[change | change source]

1.

The unbreakable union of free republics
Great Russia has welded forever;
Created by will of the peoples, long live
The united, mighty Soviet Union!
CHORUS:
Be renowned, our free Fatherland,
Reliable bulwark of the friendship of peoples!
Soviet flag, people's flag
Let it lead from victory to victory!

2.

Through tempests shined on us the sun of freedom,
And the great Lenin lit us the way.
Stalin brought us up -- on loyalty to the people,
He inspired us to labor and to heroism!
CHORUS:
Be renowned, our free Fatherland,
Reliable bulwark of the happiness of peoples!
Soviet flag, people's flag
Let it lead from victory to victory!

3.

We developed our army in battles,
We will sweep the vile aggressors from the way!
In battles we settle the fate of generations,
We will lead our Fatherland to glory!
CHORUS:
Be renowned, our free Fatherland,
Reliable bulwark of the glory of peoples!
Soviet flag, people's flag
Let it lead from victory to victory!

Anthem of the Bolshevik Party[change | change source]

Official version[change | change source]

Гимн партии большевиков

Russian Transliteration
Страны небывалой свободные дети,
Сегодня мы гордую песню поём
О партии самой могучей на свете,
О самом большом человеке своём.
ПРИПЕВ:
Славой овеяна, волею спаяна,
Крепни и здравствуй во веки веков
Партия Ленина, партия Сталина
Мудрая партия большевиков!
Страну от Кремля создала на земле ты
Могучую Родину вольных людей.
Стоит как утёс государство Советов,
Рожденное силой и правдой твоей.
ПРИПЕВ
Изменников подлых гнилую породу
Ты грозно сметаешь с пути своего.
Ты гордость народа, ты мудрость народа,
Ты сердце народа и совесть его.
ПРИПЕВ
И Маркса и Энгельса пламенный гений
Предвидел коммуны грядущий восход.
Дорогу к свободе наметил нам Ленин
И Сталин великий по ней нас ведёт.
ПРИПЕВ
Strany nebyvaloy svobodniye deti,
Segodnya my gorduyu pesnyu poyom
O partii samoy moguchey na svete,
O samom bol’shom cheloveke svoyom.
CHORUS:
Slavoy oveyana, voleyu spayana,
Krepni i zdravstvuy vo veki vekov
Partiya Lenina, partiya Stalina
Mudraya partiya bol’shevikov!
Stranu ot Kremlya sozdala na zemlye ty
Moguchuyu Rodinu vol’nykh lyudey.
Stoit kak utyos gosudarstvo Sovetov,
Rozhdennoye siloy i pravdoy tvoey.
CHORUS
Izmennikov podlykh gniluyu porodu
Ty grozno smetayesh’ s puti svoyego.
Ty gordost’ naroda, ty mudrost’ naroda,
Ty serdtse naroda i sovest’ ego.
CHORUS
I Marksa i Engel’sa plamennyi geniy
Predvidel kommuny gryadushchiy voskhod.
Dorogu k svobode nametil nam Lenin
I Stalin velikiy po ney nas vedyot.
CHORUS

Literal translation of 1938 version[change | change source]

Free children of a state unprecedented [until now],
Today we sing our proud song
About the most powerful party in the country,
About our greatest man ever.
CHORUS
Surrounded with glory, soldered by [our] will,
Grow stronger and live for eternity
The party of Lenin, the party of Stalin
Wise party of Bolsheviks!
You have created a country on our land [starting] from the Kremlin,
The able Motherland of free people.
Our Soviet state stands as rock
Born by your power and truth.
CHORUS
Rotten breeds of lowly treachers
You wipe from our way with a formidable hand
You are the pride of the people, the wisdom of people,
the heart of the people and their conscience.
CHORUS
The sparking genius of Marx and Engels
Envisioned the future rise of the commune.
Lenin has outlined us the road to the freedom
And great Stalin is leading us through it.
CHORUS

Media[change | change source]

The Soviet (U.S.S.R.) anthem[change | change source]

  • Vocal (1944 lyrics)
    By the Red Army Ensemble
    Instrumental
    By the United States Navy Band
    Vocal (1977 lyrics)
    By the choir and orchestra of Bolshoi Theater
    [[:File:|Gimn partii bolshevikov (1939)]]
    [[File:|220px|noicon]]
    Vocal recording of "Hymn of the Bolshevik Party," by the Red Army Chorus, conducted by Alexander Alexandrov
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.


The new (second) Russian anthem[change | change source]

It is a non-Communist variant of the 1944 Soviet anthem.

Sheet music
  • Russian Anthem; Vocal
    2001 recording by the Presidential Orchestra conducted by Pavel Ovsyannikov and Moscow Kremlin Choir directed by Gennady Dmitryak
    [[:File:|Russian Anthem; Instrumental]]
    [[File:|220px|noicon]]
    2001 recording by the Presidential Orchestra conducted by Pavel Ovsyannikov

    Some similar, but much older clasical music[change | change source]

    [[:File:|Bylina overture by Vasily Kalinnikov (ca.1892), fragment including the theme similar to the anthem]]
    [[File:|220px|noicon]]
    Fragment starting 05:26 into the recording made by the USSR Symphony Orchestra conducted by Evgeny Svetlanov
  • Problems playing the files? See media help.


The old (first) Russian anthem.[change | change source]

It was not related to any of the above songs, except in the fact that it was a Russian anthem.