|- elevation||31 m (102 ft)|
|Area||2,006.44 km² (775 sq mi)|
|Density||26.2 /km² (68 /sq mi)|
6 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
It was created on 29 December 1948 but to start on 1 January 1950. It was part of the Bahoruco province before being elevated to the category of province. Its name remembers the national independence from Haiti on 27 February 1844.
Independencia is bordered to the north by the Elías Piña and Bahoruco provinces, to the east by Barahona and to the south by the Pedernales province. To the west Independencia borders the Republic of Haiti.
The municipalities and their municipal districts (M.D.) are:
- Jimaní, head municipality of the province
- Batey 8 (M.D.)
- Vengan a Ver (M.D.)
- La Descubierta
- La Colonia (M.D.)
- Postrer Río
- Guayabal (M.D.)
In 2010 (last national census), there were 52,589 people living in the Independencia province, and 42,050 (79.96%) living in towns and cities. The population density was 26.2 persons/km², the second lowest in the country; only Pedernales has a lower population density.
Its population represents 0.6% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 31th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
The Sierra de Bahoruco is in the southern part of the province, and the Sierra de Neiba runs across the northwestern part of the province, on the border with the Elías Piña province. The rest of the province is part of the Hoya de Enriquillo (or Neiba Valley). In this valley is the Lake Enriquillo, and about half of its area is part of the Independencia province.
There are few permanent rivers, with water all the time. The longest river is the Las Damas river (24 km), which flows from Sierra de Bahoruco to the Lake Enriquillo.
The climate of the province is a tropical climate, very hot and dry in the valley, but it is cooler on the mountains.
As in all border provinces in the Dominican Republic, there is little economic development. The trade with Haiti is important in Jimaní, which is not far from Port-au-Prince. On the Sierra de Neiba, coffee and beans are important products.
- Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "División Territorial 2008" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://www.one.gob.do/index.php?module=uploads&func=download&fileId=1098. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.