Indian elephant

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Indian elephant
Tusked male, Bandipur National Park
Female, Nagarhole National Park
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Proboscidea
Family: Elephantidae
Genus: Elephas
Species: Elephas maximus
Subspecies: E. m. indicus
Trinomial name
Elephas maximus indicus
(Cuvier), 1798

The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant. It comes from mainland Asia. Since 1986, Elephas maximus has been listed as endangered by IUCN. The population has declined by at least 50% over the last 60–75 years. The species is also threatened by habitat loss, degradation and herds being split apart into smaller groups.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Choudhury, A., Lahiri Choudhury, D.K., Desai, A., Duckworth, J.W., Easa, P.S., Johnsingh, A.J.T., Fernando, P., Hedges, S., Gunawardena, M., Kurt, F., Karanth, U., Lister, A., Menon, V., Riddle, H., Rübel, A., Wikramanayake, E. (2008). "Elephas maximus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/7140.