Irish Free State

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Irish Free State
Saorstát Eireann

 

1922–1937
Flag Great Seal
Location of the Irish Free State
Capital Dublin
Government Constitutional monarchy
King
 - 1922-1936 George V
 - 1936 Edward VIII
 - 1936-1937 George VI
Governor General
 - 1922-1927 Timothy Michael Healy
 - 1927-1932 James McNeill
 - 1932-1936 Domhnall na Buachalla
President of the Executive Council
 - 1922-1932 W.T. Cosgrave
 - 1932-1937 Éamon de Valera
Legislature Oireachtas
 - Upper house Seanad Éireann
 - Lower house Dáil Éireann
History
 - Anglo-Irish Treaty 6 December 1921
 - Constitution of the Irish Free State Act 6 December 1922 1922
 - Bunreacht na hÉireann 29 December 1937 1937

The Irish Free State (Irish: Saorstát Éireann) was the name of Ireland from 1922 to 1937. It replaced both the Irish Republic and Southern Ireland.

The government was called the Executive Council, and it was headed by the President of the Executive Council, instead of a Prime Minister.

The Free State was the first Commonwealth Realm. Until 1927 it was ruled by a Governor General on behalf of the King of the United Kingdom. After a row between the Governments in London and Dublin it was decided that the Governor General represented the King of Ireland, not the King of the United Kingdom, even though they were the same person.

The change meant that the King and the Governor General were advised by the Irish government about what to do in Ireland, and stopped the British government from having any control over Irish affairs.

The constitution of 1937 changed the name of the country to Irish: Éire, or English: Ireland, but the King stayed head of state until 1948.

Preceded by
Irish Republic
1919 - 1922
Irish Free State
1922 – 1937
Éire
1922 - date
Preceded by
Southern Ireland
1921-1922