Irish rebellion of 1798

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United Irishmen Rebellion (1798)
Vinegar hill.jpg
Battle of Vinegar Hill, 21 June 1798
Date 24 May – 24 September 1798 (4 months)
Location Ireland
Result Rebellion crushed · Act of Union (1800)
Participants
Green harp flag of Ireland 17th century.svg United Irishmen
Green harp flag of Ireland 17th century.svg Defenders
France French First Republic
 Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Ireland Kingdom of Ireland
Commanders and leaders
Green harp flag of Ireland 17th century.svg Wolfe Tone
Green harp flag of Ireland 17th century.svg Henry Joy McCracken
Green harp flag of Ireland 17th century.svg Lord Edward FitzGerald
Green harp flag of Ireland 17th century.svg John Murphy
France Jean Humbert
Kingdom of Great Britain General George Warde
Kingdom of Great Britain MGO Charles Cornwallis
Kingdom of Great Britain Lt. Gen. Gerard Lake
Kingdom of Ireland Viscount Castlereagh
Strength
50,000 United Irishmen
1,100 French regulars, marines & sailors
10–15 ships[1]
40,000 militia
30,000 British regulars
~25,000 yeomanry
~1,000 Hessians
Casualties and losses
10,000[2]–50,000[3] estimated combatant and civilian deaths
c.500–2,000 military deaths[4]
c.1,000 loyalist civilian deaths[source?]

The Irish rebellion of 1798 was an uprising of Irish people against British rule in Ireland. It was led by Wolfe Tone and consisted primarily of a secret society called the United Irish. It was aided by Republican France. However, it never gained much traction due to its alliance with anti-Catholic France, because Ireland was primarily Catholic. Despite the British government's anti-Catholicism, most Irish Catholics supported the Crown as the lesser of two evils because of the issue of Revolutionary France's involvement. The uprising lasted several months. A group called the United Irishmen were the main driving force in the rebellion. They were influenced by revolutions taking place in America and France around the time. The uprising is also known as United Irishmen Rebellion.

Between 10.000 and 50.000 people died as casualties on the Irish side, between 500 and 2000 on the English side.

References[change | change source]

  1. The 1798 Irish Rebellion (BBC).
  2. Thomas Bartlett, Clemency and Compensation, the treatment of defeated rebels and suffering loyalists after the 1798 rebellion, in Revolution, Counter-Revolution and Union, Ireland in the 1790s, Jim Smyth ed, Cambridge, 2000, p100
  3. Thomas Pakenham, P.392 The Year of Liberty (1969) ISBN 0-586-03709-8
  4. Bartlett, p100