James G. Blaine

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James G. Blaine
31st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1875
President Ulysses S. Grant
Preceded by Theodore M. Pomeroy
Succeeded by Michael C. Kerr
31st United States Secretary of State
In office
March 7, 1889 – June 4, 1892
President Benjamin Harrison
Preceded by Thomas F. Bayard
Succeeded by John W. Foster
28th United States Secretary of State
In office
March 7, 1881 – December 19, 1881
President
Preceded by William M. Evarts
Succeeded by Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
United States Senator
from Maine
In office
July 10, 1876 – March 5, 1881
Preceded by Lot M. Morrill
Succeeded by William P. Frye
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1863 – July 10, 1876
Preceded by Samuel C. Fessenden
Succeeded by Edwin Flye
Personal details
Born James Gillespie Blaine
January 31, 1830
West Brownsville, Pennsylvania
Died January 27, 1893(1893-01-27) (aged 62)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Harriet Stanwood Blaine
Children Stanwood Blaine, Walker Blaine, Emmons Blaine, Alice Blaine Coppinger, James Blaine Jr, Margaret Blaine Damrosch, Harriet Blaine Beale
Alma mater Washington College
Profession Law, Politics
Religion Congregationalist
Signature

James Gillespie Blaine (January 31, 1830 – January 27, 1893) was an American Republican politician who served as United States Representative, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, U.S. Senator from Maine, and twice as Secretary of State. He was also nominated to be President.

Early life[change | change source]

Blaine in 1884

Blaine was born on January 31, 1830 in West Brownsville, Pennsylvania. He was the third child of Ephraim Lyon Blaine and his wife Maria Gillespie Blaine. He was educated at Washington College and later met his wife Harriet Stanwood. They married in 1850 and they had seven children.

Career[change | change source]

Blaine was a Republican. He was Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1869 until 1875. He was chosen by the 18th United States President Ulysses S. Grant.

Blaine would later served as the Senator from Maine from 1876 through 1881. Secondly he served as the Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maine's 3rd district from 1863 until 1876. Then as the 28th and 31st United States Secretary of State from 1881 through 1881 and then again in 1889 through 1892.

On July 2, 1881, Blaine and President James A. Garfield were walking up to the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad in Washington, D.C. when Charles J. Guiteau shot Garfield in the back.

The Republicans nominated Blaine for President in 1884 but Grover Cleveland won the election.

Death[change | change source]

Blaine died just 4 days short from his 63rd birthday on January 27, 1893 in his Washington, D.C. home after a long-illness, aged 62.[1] He was later buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in Washington, D.C. and was later re-buried in Blaine Memorial Park, Augusta, Maine, in 1920.[1] Blaine was hypochondriac.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Muzzey, pp. 489–491.
  2. James Gillespie Blaine at Encyclopedia.com

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to James G. Blaine at Wikimedia Commons

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  • Langley, Lester D. (1974). "James Gillespie Blaine: The Ideologue as Diplomat". In Merli, Frank J.; Wilson, Theodore A.. Makers of American Diplomacy: From Benjamin Franklin to Henry Kissinger. New York, New York: Scribner. pp. 253–278. ISBN 978-0-684-13786-5
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  • Tyler, Alice Felt (1927). The Foreign Policy of James G. Blaine. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press.