James I of England
|James VI and I|
|Portrait by Daniel Mytens, 1621|
|Reign||24 July 1567 – 27 March 1625|
|Coronation||29 July 1567|
|Predecessor||Mary, Queen of Scots|
|Regents||James Stewart, Earl of Moray
Matthew Stewart, Earl of Lennox
John Erskine, Earl of Mar
James Douglas, Earl of Morton
|Reign||24 March 1603 – 27 March 1625|
|Coronation||25 July 1603|
|Spouse||Anne of Denmark|
|Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales
Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia
Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland
|House||House of Stuart|
|Father||Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley|
|Mother||Mary, Queen of Scots|
James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI, and King of England and King of Ireland as James I. He was the first to call himself King of Great Britain. He ruled in Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 until his death. He ruled in England and Ireland from 24 March 1603 until his death. His rule was important because it was the first time England and Scotland had agreed to have the same monarch. He was the first monarch of England from the House of Stuart. The last English monarch had been Elizabeth I. She had died without any children so the English looked to Scotland for a monarch and because he was the closest relative Elizabeth had.
James fought with the Parliament many times throughout his ruling. This caused the English Civil War which lasted for six years. In addition, he did not use the kingdom’s money well. While James was ruling, the Scottish and English governments were quite stable. After James died his son Charles tried to rule in the same way as James, but caused the English Civil War. At the end of the war, in 1649, Charles was executed.
James was very educated and good at learning. He helped people in England to study things such as science, literature, and art. James wrote Daemonologie in 1597, The True Law of Free Monarchies in 1598, Basilikon Doron in 1599, and A Counterblaste to Tobacco in 1604.