John A. Macdonald

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The Right Honourable
Sir John Alexander Macdonald
Macdonald in 1868.
(age 53)
1st Prime Minister of Canada
In office
July 1, 1867 – November 5, 1873
Succeeded by Alexander Mackenzie
In office
October 17, 1878 – June 6, 1891
Preceded by Alexander Mackenzie
Succeeded by John Abbott
Personal details
Born January 11, 1815
Glasgow, Scotland
Died June 6,1891
Ottawa, Ontario
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Isabella Clark (1st wife)
Agnes Bernard (2nd wife)
Children John Alexander (died in infancy) and Hugh John by Isabella;
Mary by Agnes.
Alma mater none (articled with a lawyer in Kingston)
Profession Lawyer
Religion Presbyterian; later Anglican
Signature

Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB, KCMG, PC, PC (Can), (January 11, 1815June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada and the dominant figure of Canadian Confederation. Macdonald's time in office spanned 19 years. So he was the second longest serving Prime Minister of Canada. He is the only Canadian Prime Minister who won six majority governments. He was for a national railway that should link Canada from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans. That was completed in 1885.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Allan Napier MacNab
Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada - Canada West
1856 – 1858
Succeeded by
George Brown
Preceded by
George Brown
Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada - Canada West
1858 – 1867
Succeeded by
himself as Prime Minister of Canada and Sir John Sandfield Macdonald as Premier of Ontario
Preceded by
None
Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada
1867 – 1891
Succeeded by
Sir John J.C. Abbott
Preceded by
None
Prime Minister of Canada
1867 – 1873
Succeeded by
Alexander Mackenzie
Preceded by
none
Minister of Justice and Attorney General
1867 – 1873
Succeeded by
Antoine Dorion
Preceded by
Alexander Mackenzie
Leader of the Opposition
1873 – 1878
Succeeded by
Alexander Mackenzie
Preceded by
Alexander Mackenzie
Prime Minister of Canada
1878 – 1891
Succeeded by
Sir John J.C. Abbott
Preceded by
David Mills
Minister of the Interior
1878 – 1888
Succeeded by
Edgar Dewdney
Preceded by
John Henry Pope
Minister of Railways and Canals
1889 – 1891
Succeeded by
Mackenzie Bowell (acting)
Parliament of Canada
Preceded by
none
Member of Parliament for Kingston
1867 – 1878
Succeeded by
Alexander Gunn
Preceded by
Francis James Roscoe
Member of Parliament for Victoria
1878 – 1882
Succeeded by
E.C. Baker
Preceded by
John Rochester
Member of Parliament for Carleton
1882 – 1887
Succeeded by
George Dickinson
Preceded by
Alexander Gunn
Member of Parliament for Kingston
1887 – 1891
Succeeded by
James H. Metcalfe