John W. Foster

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John Watson Foster
32nd United States Secretary of State
In office
June 29, 1892 – February 23, 1893
Preceded by James G. Blaine
Succeeded by Walter Q. Gresham
Personal details
Born March 2, 1836(1836-03-02)
Petersburg, Indiana, U.S.
Died November 15, 1917(1917-11-15) (aged 81)
U.S.
Political party Republican
Profession Lawyer, General, Politician
Military service
Service/branch Union Army
Battles/wars American Civil War

John Watson Foster (March 2, 1836 – November 15, 1917) was an American general, journalist and diplomat.

Born in Pike County, Indiana, and raised in Evansville, he was a lawyer. During the American Civil War, he was a general officer for the Union.[1] The Civil war ended in 1865. Between 1865 and 1869, Foster worked as a journalist for the Evansville Daily Journal.[2] After that, he was the U.S. Minister to Mexico (1873-1880), Russia (1880-1881) and Spain (1883-1885).[2] He was U.S. Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison from 1892-1893.[2] In 1895, he helped the Qing Dynasty in drafting the Treaty of Shimonoseki of 1895. He worked for the Chinese as a legal consultant and commissioner.[2]

His grandchildren included John Foster Dulles, who also became a U.S. Secretary of State,[2] Allen Welsh Dulles, a Director of Central Intelligence,[3] and Eleanor Lansing Dulles, economist and diplomat.[4] He is also the great-grandfather of the Catholic theologian Cardinal Avery Dulles.[3]

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Preceded by
Thomas H. Nelson
U.S. Minister to Mexico
1873-1880
Succeeded by
Philip H. Morgan
Preceded by
Edwin W. Stoughton
U.S. Minister to Russia
1880-1881
Succeeded by
William H. Hunt
Preceded by
Hannibal Hamlin
U.S. Minister to Spain
1883–1885
Succeeded by
Jabez L. M. Curry