John W. Foster
|John Watson Foster|
|32nd United States Secretary of State|
June 29, 1892 – February 23, 1893
|Preceded by||James G. Blaine|
|Succeeded by||Walter Q. Gresham|
|Born||March 2, 1836
Petersburg, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||November 15, 1917 (aged 81)
|Profession||Lawyer, General, Politician|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Born in Pike County, Indiana, and raised in Evansville, he was a lawyer. During the American Civil War, he was a general officer for the Union. The Civil war ended in 1865. Between 1865 and 1869, Foster worked as a journalist for the Evansville Daily Journal. After that, he was the U.S. Minister to Mexico (1873-1880), Russia (1880-1881) and Spain (1883-1885). He was U.S. Secretary of State under President Benjamin Harrison from 1892-1893. In 1895, he helped the Qing Dynasty in drafting the Treaty of Shimonoseki of 1895. He worked for the Chinese as a legal consultant and commissioner.
His grandchildren included John Foster Dulles, who also became a U.S. Secretary of State, Allen Welsh Dulles, a Director of Central Intelligence, and Eleanor Lansing Dulles, economist and diplomat. He is also the great-grandfather of the Catholic theologian Cardinal Avery Dulles.
- "The Political Graveyard". http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/foster.html. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
- "John W. Foster". http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/bharrison/essays/cabinet/381. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
- "Cardinal Avery Dulles dies". http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2008/12/cardinal_avery_dulles_dies.html. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
- "Selected Papers of John W. Foster". http://diglib.princeton.edu/ead/getEad?id=ark:/88435/9880vr04w. Retrieved 2010-01-08.
- 1892-1893: Secretary of State John Watson Foster
- John W. Foster profile at Internet Accuracy Project
Thomas H. Nelson
|U.S. Minister to Mexico
Philip H. Morgan
Edwin W. Stoughton
|U.S. Minister to Russia
William H. Hunt
|U.S. Minister to Spain
Jabez L. M. Curry