Kazan

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Kazan
Kazan's symbol is Zilant
LocationTatarstan.png
Languages Tatar, Russian
Mayor İlsur Metşin
Coordinates 55°47′N 49°10′E
Area 425.2 km²
Population 1,180,000
Founded by Volga Bulgarians
~ 1005
Time zone UTC +3
City Day 30 August
Dialling code +7 843
Religion Sunni Islam
Russian Orthodox
others

Kazan (Tatar: Qazan, Казан, Russian: Казань) is the capital city of Tatarstan and one of Russia's largest cities. It is a major industrial, commercial and cultural center, and remains the most important center of Tatar culture. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga (İdel) and Kazanka (Qazansu) rivers in central European Russia.

Name[change | change source]

The origin of the name is unclear. The literal translation of Tatar qazan is a boiler or cauldron. Alternately, it may have been derived from qazğan, Tatar for dug [ditch].

"Qazan" is originally a name for a special cooking pan, a variant of a wok, but more solid and heavier. It was believed that the city of Kazan is named after this object because of its geographical similarity with a "qazan"-pan; namely the city is situated in a U - shape lowland.

Another, more romantic legend tells a story of a Tatar princess Söyembikä, who dropped a golden dish (golden qazan) into the river on which the city is located while washing it.

Nevertheless, Chuvash legends refer to Bulgarian prince Khusan (Chuvash rendering of Muslim name Hassan) and Chuvashes call this city Хусан after the name of this prince.

Images[change | change source]