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Common Kestrel
Adult male Falco tinnunculus tinnunculus
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Subclass: Neornithes
Infraclass: Neognathae
Superorder: Neoaves
Order: Falconiformes
Family: Falconidae
Genus: Falco
Species: F. tinnunculus
Binomial name
Falco tinnunculus
Linnaeus, 1758

About 11, see text

Western part of range of F. t. tinnunculus
(also occurs in Siberia farther east)
Yellow = breeding only, green = all-year

Falco rupicolus Daudin, 1800 (but see text)
Falco tinnunculus interstictus (lapsus)

The Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) is a bird of prey species belonging to the kestrel group of the falcon family Falconidae. It is also known as the European Kestrel, Eurasian Kestrel, or Old World Kestrel. In Britain, where no other brown falcon occurs, it is generally just called "the kestrel".[1] The bird lives all over Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Description[change | change source]

Typical in-flight appearance of a Common Kestrel
Falco tinnunculus

Common Kestrels are 32–39 cm (13–15 in) from head to tail. Their wings are 65–82 cm (26–32 in) when spread out. Females are larger. They are small compared with other birds of prey, but larger than most songbirds. Like the other Falco species, they have long wings and a long tail.[2]

Their feathers are mainly light brown with black spots on the top and buff with narrow blackish streaks on the underside.[2]

Food and feeding[change | change source]

When hunting, the Common Kestrel hovers about 10–20 m (c.30–70 ft) above the ground. Common Kestrels have very good eyesight. They can see small prey from a distance. Once they see the prey, the bird makes a short, steep dive. Common Kestrels eat nearly only mouse-sized mammals like voles. They also eat shrews and true mice. Small birds are also eaten, mostly in the summer when young birds are born. It also eats spiders and beetles when it finds them.[2]

Footnotes[change | change source]

  1. MWBG [2009]
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Orta (1994)

Other websites[change | change source]

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