Kobuk River

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Kobuk River sunset.jpg
Sunset over the Kobuk River
Countries United States
States Alaska
 - left Squirrel River, Tutsuksuk River
 - right Salmon River, Adillik River
Source Walker Lake
Secondary source Endicott Mountains
Mouth Kobuk Delta
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Length 280 km (174 mi)
Basin 12,300 km² (4,749 sq mi)
Discharge for Bering Strait
 - average 283 /s (9,994 cu ft/s)
 - max 3,000 /s (105,944 cu ft/s)
 - min 40 /s (1,413 cu ft/s)

The Kobuk River (also Kooak, Kowak, Kubuk, Kuvuk, or Putnam) [1] is a river that is in the Arctic region of Alaska, in the United States. The river is about 280 miles (450 km) long,[1] and receives water from about 12,300 square miles (31,850 km2) of land. It is among the largest rivers in Alaska. It flows from the southernmost part of the Brooks Range, a mountain range 700 miles (1,100 km) long. [2] Its mouth is at the Kobuk River Delta, which is about 32 miles (51 km) long.[3]

Its watershed, ranging from 0 to 11,400 feet (0 to 3,475 m) above sea level, has a wide variety of landforms, including mountains, plateaus, and plains. The average elevation is 1,300 feet (400 m). The river's name, in the native Inuit language, means "big river". [4]

The river has been an important part of the lives of nearby people. Native people (the Inuit, Koyukans and others) have used the river as a source of food and transport for over 12,000 years. [5] In 1898, a gold rush called the "Kobuk River Stampede" happened. In 1980, 110 miles (177 km) of the river were deemed the Kobuk WIld and Scenic River.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "USGS GNIS Detail: Kobuk River". http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=gnispq:3:6714900664035500::NO::P3_FID:1413363.
  2. "Kobuk River". United States National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/gaar/kobukriver.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-09.
  3. "USGS GNIS Detail: Kobuk River Delta". http://geonames.usgs.gov/pls/gnispublic/f?p=105:3:4205694310145890::NO::P3_FID,P3_TITLE:1413364%2CKobuk%20River%20Delta.
  4. "Kobuk Valley FAQ". United States National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/kova/faqs.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-09.
  5. Brabets, T.P., Hydrologic Data and a Proposed Water-Quality Monitoring Network for the Kobuk River Basin, Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve, and Kobuk Valley National Park, Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey, Water Resources Investigations Report 01-4141, 2001