Ladakh (ལ་དྭགས་, IPA: [lad̪ɑks]; लद्दाख़, لدّاخ, ləˈdaːx; "land of high passes") is situated in disputed territory. It is currently situated in the Indian organized state of Jammu and Kashmir between the Kunlun mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the south. Ladakh is inhabited by Indo-Aryans and ethnic Ladakhis closely related to the Tibetans. It is one of the least populated regions in the area. Ladakh has an infant mortality rate of 19%.
- Jina, Prem Singh (1996). Ladakh: The Land and the People. Indus Publishing. ISBN 8173870578.
- Wiley, AS (2001). "The ecology of low natural fertility in Ladakh". Department of Anthropology, Binghamton University (SUNY) 13902–6000, USA, PubMed publication. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9818554?dopt=Abstract. Retrieved 2006-08-22.