|This article has a list of references or other websites, but its sources are not clear because it does not have inline citations. (March 2012)|
|Location||Canton of Berne|
|Catchment area||8,305 km2 (3,207 sq mi)|
|Max. length||15 km (9.3 mi)|
|Max. width||4.1 km (2.5 mi)|
|Surface area||39.3 km2 (15.2 sq mi)|
|Max. depth||74 m (243 ft)|
|Water volume||1.12 km3 (0.27 cu mi)|
|Residence time||58 days|
|Surface elevation||429 m (1,407 ft)|
Lake Biel (also called Lake Bienne) is the biggest lake in the Canton of Bern in Switzerland. The lake has a length of 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) and a width of 4.1 kilometres (2.5 mi). Its surface area is about 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi). Taximum depth is about 74 metres (243 ft). It is 429 metres (1,407 ft) above sea level. It is surrounded by a lot of wine-producing villages.
Together with Lake Morat and Lake Neuchâtel it is one of the three largest lakes in the Jura region of Switzerland. There are two rivers which run into Lake Biel. The first one is the Suze, it's Biel’s only river. The second one is the Aare, one of Switzerland’s longest rivers. It was redirected into the lake in 1878.
Vineyards are located on the sunny side of Lake Biel and benefit from the southeast orientation of the hills. The lake provides a balanced climate. Soils are highly calcareous. There are 220 hectares (540 acres) of vineyards and a large variety of vine types, traditionally white wines, but increasingly red wines. The Chasselas, Pinot gris, Pinot noir, Pinot blanc and Chardonnay are grown by about 80 winegrowers. Most of the wine goods are family farms and the vine is often sold directly from the wine cellars.
Vineyards in the region of Lake Biel have been found since the Roman times. Archeologists found amphora for the wine. The vineyards still exist thanks to a ban released in 1933, which forbid building in the vineyards.
References[change | change source]
- Stadt Biel
- App, Beat and Thorens, Anette. Drei-Seen-Land, seine Weinberge und Hügel, Gassmann Biel, 2009
- Bourquin, Werner. Das Rebland und der Weinbau am Bielersee.