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Lake Biel is the biggest lake in the Canton of Bern in Switzerland. The lake has a length of 15 km and a width of 4.1 km. Its surface area is about 40 km², the maximum depth is about 74 metres. It is 429 metres above sea level. It is surrounded by a lot of wine-producing villages.
Together with Lake Morat and Lake Neuchâtel it is one of the three largest lakes in the Jura region of Switzerland. There are two rivers which run into Lake Biel. The first one is the Suze, it's Biel’s only river. The second one is the Aare, one of Switzerland’s longest rivers. It was redirected into the lake in 1878.
Vineyards are located on the sunny side of Lake Biel and benefit from the southeast orientation of the hills. The lake provides a balanced climate. Soils are highly calcareous. There are 220 hectares of vineyards and a large variety of vine types, traditionally white wines, but increasingly red wines. The Chasselas, Pinot gris, Pinot noir, Pinot blanc and Chardonnay are grown by about 80 winegrowers. Most of the wine goods are family farms and the vine is often sold directly from the wine cellars.
Vineyards in the region of Lake Biel have been found since the Roman times. Archeologists found amphora for the wine. The vineyards still exist thanks to a ban released in 1933, which forbid building in the vineyards.
References[change | edit source]
- Stadt Biel
- App, Beat and Thorens, Anette. Drei-Seen-Land, seine Weinberge und Hügel, Gassmann Biel, 2009
- Bourquin, Werner. Das Rebland und der Weinbau am Bielersee.