Las Campanas Observatory
|Las Campanas Observatory|
From background left to foreground right, the du Pont, Swope, and twin Magellan telescopes.
|Organization||Carnegie Institution for Science|
|Location||Cerro Las Campanas, Atacama, Chile|
Las Campanas Observatory is an astronomical observatory in the southern Atacama desert in Chile. It is owned and operated by the Carnegie Institution for Science. It was built in 1969 as the main observing site for the Carnegie Institution for Science. The headquarters is located in La Serena, Chile and the observatory is about 100 km (62 mi) northeast of the city. The observatory is at 2,400 m (7,874 ft) above sea level.
Telescopes[change | change source]
- Magellan Telescopes — Two 6.5m telescopes, Magellan 1 named after Walter Baade and Magellan II after Landon Clay
- Du Pont Telescope — 2.5-meter (100-inch), named after Irénée du Pont and in operation since 1977 
- Swope Telescope — 1m, named after Henrietta Swope
- Warsaw Telescope — 1.3 m, owned by Warsaw University Observatory
- Giant Magellan Telescope (under construction) — 24.5 m effective (seven 8.4 m segments)
- NANTEN Telescope (closed) — 4m millimeter-wavelength radio telescope, transported to Atacama desert, Chile.
There are also the small "Pi of the sky" wide-angle cameras that filmed the gamma ray burst GRB 080319B in 2008. This was the largest explosion ever seen in the Universe, and could have been seen without a telescope.
Other websites[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- "Topographic Map of Observatory Site". http://maps.google.com/maps?t=p&q=-29.015,-70.692222&ie=UTF8&ll=-29.015,-70.692222&spn=0.039443,0.04446&z=15. Retrieved 28 December 2009.
- Schilling, Govert (21 March 2008). "Universe's most powerful blast visible to the naked eye - space - 21 March 2008 - New Scientist". newscientist.com. http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn13520. Retrieved 11 October 2011.