Leavenworth, Kansas

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Leavenworth, Kansas
City
Centennial Bridge over the Missouri River between Leavenworth and Platte County, Missouri, 2006

Seal
Motto: The first city of Kansas
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 39°18′40″N 94°55′21″W / 39.31111°N 94.9225°W / 39.31111; -94.9225Coordinates: 39°18′40″N 94°55′21″W / 39.31111°N 94.9225°W / 39.31111; -94.9225
Country United States
State Kansas
County Leavenworth
Founded 1854
Incorporated 1855
Area[1]
 • Total 24.06 sq mi (62.32 km2)
 • Land 24.04 sq mi (62.26 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 840 ft (256 m)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 35,675
 • Density 1,466.3/sq mi (566.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 66043, 66048
Area code(s) 913
FIPS code 20-39000[3]
GNIS feature ID 0478411[4]

Leavenworth is a city in the state of Kansas in the United States. It is the county seat of Leavenworth County. It is also the biggest city in the county. Leavenworth is about 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Kansas City, Missouri.[5] It is part of the Kansas City Metropolitan Area.[6] There were 35,251 people living in Leavenworth in 2010.[7]

History[change | change source]

The city of Leavenworth was started in 1854. It was the first incoporated city in Kansas. The city is south of Forth Leavenworth. The fort is the oldest active Army post west of the Mississippi River. Fort Leavenworth was started in 1827 by Colonel Henry Leavenworth. At first, the fort was outside of the city. On April 12, 1977, the city took over the fort and it became part of the city.

There are many jails, prisons, and detention centers in Leavenworth. The most famous prison is the Leavenworth federal prison. The United States military also has a maximum security prison in Leavenworth. This prison is called the United States Disciplinary Barracks. The Kansas State Penitentiary and the state medium security prison are also close to the city.

One of the famous people who was in Leavenworth prison was Ricardo Flores Magon. Flores Magon was an anarchist from Mexico. (An anarchist is someone who thinks that there should be no government.) He was an important person during the Mexican Revolution (1910). He died in Leavenworth prison in 1922. Some people think that the guards killed him. Other people think he died of natural causes.[8]

There are some vaults underneath the city. These are big rooms underground. The vaults were found very recently. Historians (people who study history) think that the vaults were used for slaves, fugitives (people hiding from the law), or commerce (buying and selling things.)[9]

The University of Saint Mary is in Leavenworth. The University is run by the Sisters of Charity.

Location[change | change source]

The coordinates for Leavenworth are 39°18′40″N 94°55′21″W / 39.31111°N 94.9225°W / 39.31111; -94.9225 (39.3111112, -94.9224637). The city is 840 feet (260 m) above sea level.[4] The United States Census Bureau says that the city has a total area of 24.06 square miles (62.32 km2). It covers 24.04 square miles (62.26 km2) of land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) of water.[1]

Leavenworth is on the west bank (side) of the Missouri River. It is in the Dissected Till Plains region of the Central Lowlands of North America.[10][11] Four tributaries of the Missouri River go through the city. These tributaries are Quarry Creek, Corral Creek, Three Mile Creek, and Five Mile Creek.[12]

Leavenworth is in the northeastern part of Kansas. U.S. Route 73 and Kansas Highway 92 (K-92) intersect (cross) at the city. It is about 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Kansas City, Missouri. Omaha, Nebraska is 145 miles (233 km) to the northeast. Wichita, Kansas is 165 miles (266 km) to the southwest.[5][10]

The north half of the city is Fort Leavenworth.[12] Both Leavenworth city and Leavenworth County are a part of the Kansas City metropolitan area.[6] To the south of Leavenworth is another city: Lansing, Kansas.[12]

Weather[change | change source]

Leavenworth is in a part of North America where the climate (weather) changes from humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) to humid continental (Köppen Dfa). The summer is hot and humid. The winter is cold and dry. The average temperature for the whole year is 55 °F (13 °C).[13]

The average low temperature in the winter is 19 °F (−7 °C) in January. The average high temperature is 90 °F (32 °C) in July.[14] Usually the temperature only gets hotter than 90 °F (32 °C) on 43 days every year. The temperature gets hotter than 100 °F (38 °C) about four days ever year. The low temperature goes below freezing (32 °F (0 °C)) for 107 days every year. The first frost usually happens in October. The last frost usually happens by April.[13]

Every year, there are about 89.7 days of precipitation. (Precipitation is any kind of water falling from the sky. Snow, hail, and rain are kinds of precipitation.) The city usually gets about 42.97 inches (1,091 mm) of precipitation.[13][14] It also gets about 16.1 inches (41 cm) of snow every year.[14] It usually snows for eight days every year.[13]

The coldest month of the year is usually January. The hottest month is usually July. The most rain usually falls in June. The hottest temperature ever recorded was 110 °F (43 °C) in 1954. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −27 °F (−33 °C) in 1989.[14]

Climate data for Leavenworth, Kansas, USA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23.3)
81
(27.2)
87
(30.6)
93
(33.9)
97
(36.1)
106
(41.1)
110
(43.3)
108
(42.2)
104
(40)
95
(35)
84
(28.9)
70
(21.1)
110
(-17.8)
Average high °F (°C) 39
(3.9)
45
(7.2)
56
(13.3)
67
(19.4)
76
(24.4)
85
(29.4)
90
(32.2)
88
(31.1)
80
(26.7)
68
(20)
54
(12.2)
41
(5)
65.8
(18.75)
Daily mean °F (°C) 30
(-1.1)
35
(1.7)
45
(7.2)
55
(12.8)
65
(18.3)
74
(23.3)
79
(26.1)
78
(25.6)
68
(20)
57
(13.9)
44
(6.7)
32
(0)
55.2
(12.87)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(-7.2)
24
(-4.4)
33
(0.6)
43
(6.1)
54
(12.2)
63
(17.2)
69
(20.6)
67
(19.4)
57
(13.9)
46
(7.8)
33
(0.6)
23
(-5)
44.3
(6.81)
Record low °F (°C) -17
(-27.2)
-19
(-28.3)
-10
(-23.3)
4
(-15.6)
27
(-2.8)
42
(5.6)
45
(7.2)
41
(5)
30
(-1.1)
18
(-7.8)
-2
(-18.9)
-27
(-32.8)
-27
(-17.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.03
(26.2)
1.53
(38.9)
2.74
(69.6)
4.04
(102.6)
5.38
(136.7)
5.92
(150.4)
5.20
(132.1)
4.49
(114)
4.82
(122.4)
3.78
(96)
2.45
(62.2)
1.59
(40.4)
42.97
(1,091.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 4.4
(11.2)
5.3
(13.5)
1.7
(4.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
0.7
(1.8)
3.8
(9.7)
16.1
(40.9)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.7 5.1 7.9 8.9 11.2 9.9 7.5 8.0 7.6 7.3 6.4 5.2 89.7
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.3 2.3 0.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 2.1 7.9
Source: National Weather Service;[13] The Weather Channel[14]

Demographics[change | change source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 7,429
1870 17,873 140.6%
1880 16,546 −7.4%
1890 19,768 19.5%
1900 20,735 4.9%
1910 19,363 −6.6%
1920 16,912 −12.7%
1930 17,466 3.3%
1940 19,220 10.0%
1950 20,579 7.1%
1960 22,052 7.2%
1970 25,147 14.0%
1980 33,656 33.8%
1990 38,495 14.4%
2000 35,420 −8.0%
2010 35,251 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census

The 2010 United States Census found there were 35,251 people living in Leavenworth. They made up 12,256 households and 8,129 families. The population density was 1,466.2 people per square mile (566.1/km²). The people living in Leavenworth were 75.4% white, 15.1% African-American, 0.9% Native American, 1.8% Asian American, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.0% from other races, and 4.6% from more than one race.[7]

Religion[change | change source]

From the middle to late 19th century (1850-1900), there were many Jewish people in Leavenworth. It was one of the biggest Jewish communities in all of Kansas.[15] By 1870, there were many Orthodox congregations in Leavenworth.[16]

Sister cities[change | change source]

Leavenworth has two sister cities:

Sources[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/files/Gaz_places_national.txt. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  2. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. http://www.geobytes.com/citydistancetool.htm. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "State and Metropolitan Area Data Book: 2010". United States Census Bureau. p. 201. http://www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/10smadb/ctables.pdf. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder. http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/1600000US2039000. Retrieved 2011-09-18.
  8. Rivera, Librado (1922-11-25). "Letter to Raúl Palma". http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/bright/magon/history/deathletter.html. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
  9. "Mystery Surrounds Leavenworth's Underground City". KCTV5. 2008-08-07. http://www.kctv5.com/news/17126244/detail.html. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "2003-2004 Official Transportation Map". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2003. http://www.ksdot.org/burtransplan/maps/HistoricStateMaps/2003-04Mapside.pdf. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
  11. "Phase I Environmental Assessment". Tetra Tech, Inc.. July 2009. http://munibase.elabra.com/LsFls/Envrion_PAL/004.pdf. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 "City of Leavenworth (map)". Kansas Department of Transportation. August 2008. http://www.ksdot.org/burtransplan/maps/city-pdf/leavenworth.pdf. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service Forecast Office - Kansas City/Pleasant Hill. http://www.nws.noaa.gov/climate/xmacis.php?wfo=eax. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 "Average weather for Leavenworth, KS". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/outlook/health/fitness/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USKS0321. Retrieved 2011-12-21.
  15. "Kansas". Jewish Encyclopedia. (1901-1906). New York: Funk and Wagnalls. Retrieved on 14 November 2012. 
  16. http://web.ku.edu/~ksreligion/docs/history/judaism.pdf
  17. "Sister Cities". Wagga Wagga City Council. http://www.wagga.nsw.gov.au/www/html/304-sister-cities.asp. Retrieved 2008-08-24.

Other websites[change | change source]