Les Cayes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Les Cayes
(Kréyòl): Okay
Entrance gate to Les Cayes
Nickname(s): Aux Cayes
Les Cayes is located in Haiti
Les Cayes
Les Cayes in Haiti
Coordinates: 18°12′N 73°45′W / 18.2°N 73.75°W / 18.2; -73.75Coordinates: 18°12′N 73°45′W / 18.2°N 73.75°W / 18.2; -73.75
Country Haiti
Département Sud
Arrondisement Les Cayes
Founded 1726
Population (2003)
 • Total 48,095
 • Demonym Cayen
(female, cayenne)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)

Les Cayes (Kréyòl: Okay; English: The Cays) is a town in southwest Haiti near the river Ravine du Sud, on the Caribbean coast. It is the capital of the Sud Département.

Les Cayes is at about 196 km southwest of the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince. It is also the chief town of an arrondissement (a part of a department) with the same name. The arrondissement has six communes (a commune is like a municipality): Les Cayes, Camp-Perrin, Chantal, Île à Vache, Maniche and Torbeck.

Name[change | edit source]

The town had the name of Aux Cayes ("On the cays") because the small Île à Vache island and other cays (Grande Caye and Petite Caye) are near the town. Now the name is just Les Cayes; Kréyòl still keeps the old name.

History[change | edit source]

In 1504, Diego Velázquez founded the town of Salvatierra de la Sabana[1] (or Salvatierra de la Zabana) where is now Les Cayes. From here, he left for Cuba to take control of that island on 7 November 1511.

But people left completely the town in 1540 and the French Monsier de la Lance founded the modern town of Les Cayes in 1726. The town was destroyed by two hurricanes in 1781 and 1788.

On 28 December 1815, Simón Bolívar came to Les Cayes looking for help to fight against the Spanish government in South America. Bolívar left Haiti on 10 April 1816 for Venezuela, but came back in September of that year to this Haitian town when he lost some battles in South America. He went back to South America in December of the same year.

Economy[change | edit source]

Les Cayes is one of the most important port of Haiti, where coffee, sugar, bananas and timber are sent to other countries and other parts of Haiti. There is also an airport, Antoine Simon Airport, with the name of a president of Haiti that was born in Les Cayes.

People born in Les Cayes[change | edit source]

  • 1761: Laurent Geffrard, officer during the Haitian Revolution
  • 1761: André Rigaud, a mulatto chief during the Haitian Revolution
  • 1785: John James Audubon, who studied and made paintings of birds in United States
  • 1789: Charles Riviere-Hérard, president of Haiti from 1843 to 1844
  • Michel Domingue, president of Haiti from 1874 to 1876
  • 1815: Lysius Salomon, president of Haiti from 1879 to 1888
  • 1832: Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal, president of Haiti from 1876 to 1879
  • 1843: François C. Antoine Simon, president of Haiti from 1908 to 1911

Images[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Incháustegui, J. Marino (1955) (in Spanish). Historia Dominicana, Tomo I. Ciudad Trujillo, República Dominicana: Impresora Dominicana. pp. 72.

Other websites[change | edit source]


Department capitals of Haiti Flag of Haiti
Cap-HaïtienFort-LibertéGonaïvesHincheJacmelJérémieLes CayesMiragoânePort-au-PrincePort-de-Paix