Liège (province)

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Coordinates: 50°39′N 5°34′E / 50.65°N 5.567°E / 50.65; 5.567
Liège
Province of Belgium
Coo Waterfall Panorama.jpg
The Coo Waterfalls (municipality of Stavelot)
Flag of the Province of Liège.svg
Flag
Wapen van Luik (provincie).svg
Coat of arms
Country  Belgium
Region  Wallonia
Capital Liège
 - coordinates 50°39′N 5°34′E / 50.65°N 5.567°E / 50.65; 5.567
Highest point Signal de Botrange
 - location Waimes, Verviers, Liège
 - elevation 694 m (2,277 ft)
 - coordinates 50°30′06″N 6°05′33″E / 50.50167°N 6.0925°E / 50.50167; 6.0925
Area 3,862 km² (1,491 sq mi)
Population 1,083,400 (1 January 2012) [1]
Density 281 /km² (728 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 4 Arrondissements
84 Municipalities
Governor Michel Foret
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal codes 4000–4999
ISO 3166-2 BE-WLG
Location of the Liège province
Location of the Liège province
Website: Official site

Liège (Walloon: Lîdje; Dutch: Luik; German: Lüttich) is the easternmost province of the Walloon Region, in Belgium. Its capital is the city of Liège.

It is an area of French and German ethnic groups. Most of its inhabitants speak French and a minority of them speaks German.

History[change | change source]

Reinhardstein castle (1354) in Waimes

The present province comes from a department created by the French government in the late eighteenth century, the Department of Ourte. In 1815, after the defeat of Napoleon, the eastern part (Eupen, Malmedy, Saint-Vith and four other German municipalities) was given to the Prussian empire.[2]

While maintaining the French administrative borders, King William I of the Netherlands gave back the more traditional names of the provinces instead of the names used by the French. He named the province as Liège, remembering the old principality of Liège, although the region did not correspond much to the old principality.

In 1919, after the Prussian defeat, the cantons Eupen, Malmedy and Saint-Vith were again part of the province of Liège.[2]

Geography[change | change source]

The province of Liège is in southeastern Belgium and borders on (clockwise from the North) the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg and in Belgium the provinces of Luxembourg, Namur, Walloon Brabant (Wallonia), and those of Flemish Brabant and Limburg (Flanders).

The province has an area of 3,862 km2 (1,491 sq mi),[3] with a population of 1,083,400[1] and a density of 280.5 inhabitants per km². The province is divided into four arrondissements (arrondissementen in Dutch) with 84 municipalities, 75 French-speaking municipalities and 9 German-speaking municipalities.

With 694 m (2,277 ft), the Signal de Botrange is the highest point of the province and of Belgium.[4]. It is in Waimes, Verviers district.[5]

Rivers[change | change source]

The main river is the Meuse (Dutch: Maas) river; its source is in France, in Champagne-Ardenne and then flows through Belgium by the provinces of Namur and Liège. After 950 km (590 mi), it flows into the North Sea.[3]

Other rivers in the province are:[3]

  • Ourthe, tributary of the Meuse.
  • Vesdre, also a tributary of the Meuse.
  • Amblève, tributary of the Ourthe.
  • Warche, tributary of the Amblève.
  • Geer, another tributary of the Meuse.

Administrative divisions[change | change source]

The province of Liège is divided into 4 arrondissements (Huy, Liège, Verviers and Waremme) and a total of 84 municipalities.

Map of the municipalities of Liège
(names are in the following table)
Municipalities by arrondissements, with their numbers in the map
Huy Liège Verviers Waremme
Arrondissement Huy Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Liège Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Verviers Belgium Map.png Arrondissement Waremme Belgium Map.png

Population by arrondissement[change | change source]

Population on 1 January of each year.[6]

Arrondissement 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012[1]
Huy 104,756 105,770 106,793 107,832 108,960 109,728
Liège 594,579 597,478 600,269 604,062 609,392 612,740
Verviers 274,973 276,569 278,142 280,203 282,293 283,668
Waremme 73,106 73,905 74,831 75,588 76,558 77,264
Province of Liège 1,047,414 1,053,722 1,060,035 1,067,685 1,077,203 1,083,400

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Population per municipality on 1 January 2012 (XLS; 214 KB)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Histoire" (in French). Province de Liège. http://www.provincedeliege.be/fr/node/199. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Géographie" (in French). Province de Liège. http://www.provincedeliege.be/fr/node/200. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  4. "Signal de Botrange". Peakbagger.com. http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=9606. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  5. "84 communes" (in French). Province de Liège. http://www.provincedeliege.be/fr/node/963. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  6. Institut National de Statistique - Direction générale Statistique et Information économique

Other websites[change | change source]