Limón

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Limón
Puerto Limón
Limón is located in Costa Rica
Limón
Location in Costa Rica
Coordinates: 9°59′N 83°02′W / 9.983°N 83.033°W / 9.983; -83.033Coordinates: 9°59′N 83°02′W / 9.983°N 83.033°W / 9.983; -83.033
Country  Costa Rica
Province Bandera de la Provincia de Limón.svg Limón
Founded 1870
Area
 • Total 59.79 km2 (23.09 sq mi)
Demonym limonense
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Postal code 70101

Puerto Limón is the capital city of Limón Province in Costa Rica. It is also a major Costa Rican port for exporting and importing. A part of the community has its roots in Jamaican laborers. They worked on the nineteenth-century railroad project. The railroad connected San José to Puerto Limón. Other parts of the population have their roots in the Nicaraguan, Panamanian, and Colombian turtle-hunters who settled in the city.[1]

Puerto Limon suffered the 1991 Limon Earthquake. This earthquake affected the city and the coastline.

History[change | edit source]

Pirates[change | edit source]

The pirates Edward Mansvelt and his vice admiral Henry Morgan arrived at Portete in 1666. Portete is a small bay between Limón and Moín. They moved toward Cartago. It was the capital of Costa Rica at the time. The pirates were driven away by the inhabitants of Turrialba on 15 April. This pirate army left on 16 April and arrived in Portete on 23 April. They left Costa Rica and did not return again.[2]

Founding[change | edit source]

The town was officially created in 1854 by Philipp J. J. Valentini. He had the government's help.[3]

Climate[change | edit source]

Limón has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen’s climate classification). Average temperatures are very constant all the year. The average is 25 degrees Celsius. Limón has no dry season. The driest month is September. It has an average of 160 mm of rain. The wettest month is December. It has an average of 400 mm of rain. Limon has 3,400 mm of rain annually.

Climate data for Limón International Airport, Costa Rica
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
29.1
(84.4)
29.8
(85.6)
30.2
(86.4)
30.5
(86.9)
30.3
(86.5)
29.6
(85.3)
30.0
(86)
30.6
(87.1)
30.4
(86.7)
29.6
(85.3)
29.0
(84.2)
29.84
(85.72)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
24.9
(76.8)
25.5
(77.9)
26.1
(79)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.1
(79)
26.2
(79.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.3
(79.3)
25.8
(78.4)
25.1
(77.2)
25.88
(78.58)
Average low °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
21.2
(70.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.7
(72.9)
22.8
(73)
22.5
(72.5)
22.4
(72.3)
22.4
(72.3)
22.2
(72)
22.0
(71.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.88
(71.39)
Precipitation mm (inches) 303.3
(11.941)
228.1
(8.98)
196.4
(7.732)
269.8
(10.622)
327.3
(12.886)
299.6
(11.795)
438.6
(17.268)
315.5
(12.421)
146.3
(5.76)
213.5
(8.406)
380.0
(14.961)
448.7
(17.665)
3,567.1
(140.437)
Avg. precipitation days 18.1 16.1 16.8 16.0 18.3 19.0 22.5 19.2 14.0 16.7 17.4 21.0 215.1
Sunshine hours 158.1 155.4 176.7 174.0 170.5 129.0 120.9 145.7 153.0 164.3 147.0 151.9 1,846.5
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization.[4]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory.[5]

Gallery[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. What Happen: A Folk History of Costa Rica's Talamanca Coast
  2. Crónicas Coloniales Ricardo Fernández Guardia, 1921. portlimon.com.
  3. Encyclopedia Americana (1918–1920), Vol. XXVII, p. 645-646 online version at www.archive.org (last viewed 24 May 2011)
  4. Climate Information for Limon, World Weather Information Service, accessed 10 April 2012.
  5. Climatological Information for Limon, Costa Rica, Hong Kong Observatory accessed 10 April 2012.