Linking verb

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A linking verb is a verb that connects the subject of a sentence to the complement. It is sometimes called a copula or a copular verb. An example is the word is in the sentence "The sky is blue".

Other examples[change | edit source]

  • In the schools are enclosed rooms .
  • The food is so good

('is' and 'are' connect the subject to the adjective or adjective phrase that describes it.)

Main linking verbs[change | edit source]

Most languages have one main linking verb. In English, this is the verb to be. We use this verb to mean the status or characteristics of something or of a person. Some languages, for example Portuguese and Spanish, have two different verbs for the two meanings of this verb. Other languages, for example Arabic and Chinese, do not have any form of this verb.

Infinitive: to be
Imperative: be
Present participle: being
Past participle: been
Present indicative Past indicative Present subjunctive Past subjunctive
First-person singular (I) am was be were
Second-person singular (you) are were be were
Third-person singular (he, she, it) is was be were
First-person plural (we) are were be were
Second-person plural (you) are were be were
Third-person plural (they) are were be were