List of General Secretaries of the Soviet Union

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General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the top position in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. As the leader of the only legal political party, the General Secretary served as both the head of government and head of state, although the actual head of government was the Premier. Before Stalin turned the position of General Secretary into the most powerful in the Soviet Union, the Premier was the leader of the country. Lenin led the nation as Premier.

The office was called First Secretary from 1953-66.

List of General Secretaries[change | change source]

# Name Picture Term start Term end Born Died
1 Joseph Stalin 3 April 1922 5 March 1953 18 December 1878(1878-12-18) 5 March 1953(1953-03-05) (aged 74)
2 Nikita Khrushchev (as First Secretary) Nikita Khrusjtsjov.jpg 7 September 1953 14 October 1964 17 April 1894(1894-04-17) 11 September 1971(1971-09-11) (aged 77)
3 Leonid Brezhnev (First Secretary from 1964-66) 1977 CPA 4774(Cutted).jpg 14 October 1964 10 November 1982 19 December 1906(1906-12-19) 10 November 1982(1982-11-10) (aged 75)
4 Yuri Andropov Jurij Andropov (Bundesarchiv).JPG 12 November 1982 9 February 1984 15 June 1914(1914-06-15) 9 February 1984(1984-02-09) (aged 69)
5 Konstantin Chernenko Konstantin Chernenko1.jpg 13 February 1984 10 March 1985 24 September 1911(1911-09-24) 10 March 1985(1985-03-10) (aged 73)
6 Mikhail Gorbachev Mikhail Gorbachev 1987.jpg 11 March 1985 24 August 1991 2 March 1931 (1931-03-02) (age 83) Alive
- Vladimir Ivashko 24 August 1991 29 August 1991 28 October 1932(1932-10-28) 13 November 1994(1994-11-13) (aged 62)