List of World Heritage Sites in Western Asia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has 71 World Heritage Sites in 16 countries of Western Asia. The countries are: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. One site is in Jerusalem.[nb 1] Qatar and Kuwait, which are also in the region, do not have any World Heritage Sites.[1][2]

In this region, Iran is home to the most sites with 13 sites.[3]

Legend[change | change source]

Site; named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation[3]
Location; at city, regional, or provincial level and geocoordinates
Criteria; as defined by the World Heritage Committee
Area; in hectares and acres. If available, the size of the buffer zone has been noted as well. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year; during which the site was added to the World Heritage List
Description; brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

Sites[change | change source]

     † In danger

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description Refs
Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman Sharqiyah and Batinah Regions,  Oman
22°59′56″N 57°32′10″E / 22.99889°N 57.53611°E / 22.99889; 57.53611 (Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman)
Cultural:
(v)
70031456000000000001,456 (3,600); buffer zone 16,404 (40,540) 2006 The property includes five aflaj irrigation systems. It is representative of some 3,000 such systems still in use in Oman. The origins of this system of irrigation may date back to AD 500. Archaeological evidence suggests that irrigation systems were in this very arid area as early as 2500 BC. [4]
Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih) Buildings with a classicist facade built into a cliff face. Al Madinah Province,  Saudi Arabia
26°47′1″N 37°57′18″E / 26.78361°N 37.955°E / 26.78361; 37.955 (Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih))
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
70031621000000000001,621 (4,010); buffer zone 1,659 (4,100) 2008 Formerly known as Hegra it is the largest conserved site of the Nabataeans south of Petra in Jordan. It has well-preserved monumental tombs with decorated facades dating from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD. [5]
Ancient City of Aleppo City view with a wall and a mosque. Aleppo Governorate,  Syria
36°14′0″N 37°10′0″E / 36.233333°N 37.166667°E / 36.233333; 37.166667 (Ancient City of Aleppo)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
7002350000000000000350 (860) 1986 Aleppo was ruled successively by the Hittites, Assyrians, Arabs, Mongols, Mamelukes and Ottomans. [6]
Ancient City of Bosra An old amphitheatre. Daraa Governorate,  Syria
32°31′5″N 36°28′54″E / 32.51806°N 36.48167°E / 32.51806; 36.48167 (Ancient City of Bosra)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(vi)
1980 Bosra, once the capital of the Roman province of Arabia, was an important stopover on the ancient caravan route to Mecca. A magnificent 2nd-century Roman theatre, early Christian ruins and several mosques are found in its great walls. [7]
Ancient City of Damascus Ruins of a stone building with columns and without roof. Damascus Governorate,  Syria
33°30′41″N 36°18′23″E / 33.51139°N 36.30639°E / 33.51139; 36.30639 (Ancient City of Damascus)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
700186000000000000086 (210) 1979 Founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In the Middle Ages, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace. [8]
Ancient Villages of Northern Syria Ruins of a stone church without roof.  Syria
36°20′3″N 36°50′39″E / 36.33417°N 36.84417°E / 36.33417; 36.84417 (Ancient Villages of Northern Syria)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
700412290000000000012,290 (30,400) 2011 Some 40 villages grouped in eight parks in north-western Syria show rural life in late Antiquity and during the Byzantine period. [9]
Anjar Ruins of buildings consisting of some arches. Beqaa Governorate,  Lebanon
33°43′33″N 35°55′47″E / 33.72583°N 35.92972°E / 33.72583; 35.92972 (Anjar)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1984 The city of Anjar was founded by Caliph Walid I at the beginning of the 8th century. [10]
Archaeological Site of Troy Ruined walls. Çanakkale Province,  Turkey
39°57′23″N 26°14′20″E / 39.95639°N 26.23889°E / 39.95639; 26.23889 (Archaeological Site of Troy)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
7002158000000000000158 (390) 1998 [11]
Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn Ad Dhahirah Region,  Oman
23°16′11″N 56°44′42″E / 23.26972°N 56.745°E / 23.26972; 56.745 (Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1988 The protohistoric site of Bat is near a palm grove in the interior of the Sultanate of Oman. Together with the neighbouring sites, it forms the most complete collection of settlements and necropolises from the 3rd millennium B.C. in the world. [12]
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran Stone church in the mountains with two massive towers topped by a conical roof. West Azerbaijan,  Iran
38°58′44″N 45°28′24″E / 38.97889°N 45.47333°E / 38.97889; 45.47333 (Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
7002129000000000000129 (320); buffer zone 655 (1,620) 2008 [13]
Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)
Salah ad Din Governorate,  Iraq
35°27′32″N 43°15′35″E / 35.45889°N 43.25972°E / 35.45889; 43.25972 (Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat))
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
700170000000000000070 (170); buffer zone 100 (250) 2003 The ancient city of Ashur is on the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia. The city dates back to the 3rd millennium BC. From the 14th to the 9th centuries BC it was the first capital of the Assyrian Empire. The city was destroyed by the Babylonians, but brought back during the Parthian period in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. [14]
[15]
At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah Earthen colored building with small windows. Riyadh Province,  Saudi Arabia
24°44′3″N 46°34′21″E / 24.73417°N 46.5725°E / 24.73417; 46.5725 (At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
700129000000000000029 (72) 2008 Diriyah was the first capital of the Saudi Dynasty, in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula, north-west of Riyadh. It has the remains of many palaces and an urban ensemble built on the edge of the ad-Dir’iyah oasis. [16]
Baalbek Fairly well preserved classical building surrounded by columns. Beqaa Governorate,  Lebanon
34°0′25″N 36°12′18″E / 34.00694°N 36.205°E / 34.00694; 36.205 (Baalbek)
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
1984 Baalbek, where a triad of deities was worshipped, was known as Heliopolis during the Hellenistic period. It kept its religious function during Roman times. Te sanctuary of the Heliopolitan Jupiter attracted thousands of pilgrims. [17]
Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery Ruins of a stone church with the highest point located at the apsis. Imereti,  Georgia
42°15′44″N 42°42′59″E / 42.26222°N 42.71639°E / 42.26222; 42.71639 (Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery)
Cultural:
(iv)
70007870000000000007.87 (19.4) 1994 The site has been listed as endangered since 2010. A major reconstruction project that will lead to irreversible interventions and undermine the authenticity and integrity of the site. [18]
[19]
Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee Large white buildings in a landscape garden. Haifa and North District,  Israel
32°49′46″N 34°58′18″E / 32.82944°N 34.97167°E / 32.82944; 34.97167 (Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
700163000000000000063 (160); buffer zone 255 (630) 2008 [20]
Bahla Fort Ad Dakhiliyah Region,  Oman
22°57′51″N 57°18′4″E / 22.96417°N 57.30111°E / 22.96417; 57.30111 (Bahla Fort)
Cultural:
(iv)
1987 The oasis of Bahla owes its richness to the Banu Nebhan, the dominant tribe in the area from the 12th to the end of the 15th century. The ruins of the large fort, with its walls and towers of unbaked brick and its stone foundations, is a remarkable example of this type of fortification. [21]
Bam and its Cultural Landscape View over a large ruined city colored uniformly in a grey-brown tone. In the background there is a castle in overlooking the surrounding city. Kerman,  Iran
29°07′00.68″N 58°22′06.51″E / 29.1168556°N 58.368475°E / 29.1168556; 58.368475 (Bam and its Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
&10000000000000000000000 2004 The site has been listed as endangered since 2004 following the damage due to the 2003 Bam earthquake. [22]
[23]
Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba Ruins of building consisting of low walls of unhewn stones.  Israel
32°35′50″N 35°10′56″E / 32.59722°N 35.18222°E / 32.59722; 35.18222 (Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
700196000000000000096 (240); buffer zone 604 (1,490) 2005 [24]
Bisotun Frieze in a rock with many people. Kermanshah,  Iran
34°23′18″N 47°26′12″E / 34.38833°N 47.43667°E / 34.38833; 47.43667 (Bisotun)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
7002187000000000000187 (460); buffer zone 361 (890) 2006 [25]
Byblos A small port in a town. Mount Lebanon Governorate,  Lebanon
34°7′9″N 35°38′51″E / 34.11917°N 35.6475°E / 34.11917; 35.6475 (Byblos)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(vi)
1984 The ruins of many civilizations are found at Byblos, one of the oldest Phoenician cities. People have live here since Neolithic times. It has been closely linked to the legends and history of the Mediterranean region for thousands of years. [26]
Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots Stone church with a central tower topped by a conical roof and several smaller towers. Armavir Province,  Armenia
40°9′33.5″N 44°17′42.5″E / 40.159306°N 44.295139°E / 40.159306; 44.295139 (Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
700174000000000000074 (180) 2000 [27]
Choirokoitia Small white circular huts with flat roof. Larnaca District,  Cyprus
34°47′54″N 33°20′36″E / 34.79833°N 33.34333°E / 34.79833; 33.34333 (Choirokoitia)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
1998 [28]
City of Safranbolu White houses with red tile roofs on a hillside. city and district of Safranbolu, Karabük Province,  Turkey
41°15′36″N 32°41′23″E / 41.26°N 32.68972°E / 41.26; 32.68972 (City of Safranbolu)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)(v)
7002193000000000000193 (480) 1994 [29]
Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din A fortress of grey stone. Homs and Latakia Governorates,  Syria
34°46′54″N 36°15′47″E / 34.78167°N 36.26306°E / 34.78167; 36.26306 (Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
70009000000000000009 (22) 2006 These two castles represent the most significant examples show the changes of fortified architecture in the Near East during the time of the Crusades (11th - 13th centuries). [30]
Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas) A sandy path lined by low walls behind which are many palm trees.  United Arab Emirates
24°4′4″N 55°48′23″E / 24.06778°N 55.80639°E / 24.06778; 55.80639 (Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas))
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
70034945000000000004,945 (12,220); buffer zone 7,605 (18,790) 2011 [31]
Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape Petroglyphs of humans. Garadagh and Absheron districts,  Azerbaijan
40°7′30″N 49°22′30″E / 40.125°N 49.375°E / 40.125; 49.375 (Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:
(iii)
7002537000000000000537 (1,330); buffer zone 3,096 (7,650) 2007 [32]
Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği Low building of reddish stone with a prominent decorated entrance. city and district of Divriği, Sivas Province,  Turkey
39°22′25″N 38°7′25″E / 39.37361°N 38.12361°E / 39.37361; 38.12361 (Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği)
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
70032016000000000002,016 (4,980) 1985 [33]
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia White stone pinnacle rocks topped by a dark colored rock. Nevşehir Province in Central Anatolia Region,  Turkey
38°40′0″N 34°51′0″E / 38.666667°N 34.85°E / 38.666667; 34.85 (Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia)
Mixed:
(i)(iii)(v)(vii)
70039576000000000009,576 (23,660) 1985 [34]
Hatra Ruins of buildings with columns. Ninawa Governorate,  Iraq
35°35′17″N 42°43′6″E / 35.58806°N 42.71833°E / 35.58806; 42.71833 (Hatra)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002324000000000000324 (800) 1985 A large fortified city under the influence of the Parthian Empire and capital of the first Arab Kingdom, Hatra withstood invasions by the Romans in A.D. 116 and 198 thanks to its high, thick walls reinforced by towers. [35]
Hattusha: the Hittite Capital Stone gate with sculpted lions. Sungurlu, Çorum Province,  Turkey
40°0′50″N 34°37′14″E / 40.01389°N 34.62056°E / 40.01389; 34.62056 (Hattusha: the Hittite Capital)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
7002268000000000000268 (660) 1986 [36]
Hierapolis-Pamukkale Hanging white limestone wall. Denizli Province,  Turkey
37°55′26″N 29°7′24″E / 37.92389°N 29.12333°E / 37.92389; 29.12333 (Hierapolis-Pamukkale)
Mixed:
(iii)(iv)(vii)
70031077000000000001,077 (2,660) 1988 [37]
Historical Monuments of Mtskheta A compact tall stone church with a circular tower above the apsis. Mtskheta-Mtianeti,  Georgia
41°51′N 44°43′E / 41.85°N 44.717°E / 41.85; 44.717 (Historical Monuments of Mtskheta)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1994 The site has been endangered since 2009. [38]
[39]
Historic Areas of Istanbul A large building with a square tower, three mosques and ten minarets near water. Istanbul city and Istanbul Province,  Turkey
41°0′30″N 28°58′48″E / 41.00833°N 28.98°E / 41.00833; 28.98 (Historic Areas of Istanbul)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
7002678000000000000678 (1,680) 1985 [40]
Historic Town of Zabid Partially ruined stone building with a decorated facade. Al Hudaydah Governorate,  Yemen
14°11′53″N 43°19′48″E / 14.19806°N 43.33°E / 14.19806; 43.33 (Historic Town of Zabid)
Cultural:
(iii)
1993 Zabid was the capital of Yemen from the 13th to the 15th century. The city played an important role in the Arab and Muslim world for many centuries because of its Islamic university. It has been listed as endangered since 2000. [41]
[42]
Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev Ruins of buildings in a desert. Negev,  Israel
30°32′28″N 35°9′39″E / 30.54111°N 35.16083°E / 30.54111; 35.16083 (Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev)
Cultural:
(iii)(v)
2005 [43]
Land of Frankincense Dhofar Governorate,  Oman
18°15′12″N 53°38′51″E / 18.25333°N 53.6475°E / 18.25333; 53.6475 (Land of Frankincense)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
7002850000000000000850 (2,100); buffer zone 1,243 (3,070) 2000 The frankincense trees of Wadi Dawkah and the remains of the caravan oasis and the ports of Khor Rori and Al-Baleed show the trade in frankincense that was strong in this region for many centuries. [44]
Masada Ruins of a building made of unhewn stones. South District,  Israel
31°18′49″N 35°21′10″E / 31.31361°N 35.35278°E / 31.31361; 35.35278 (Masada)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002276000000000000276 (680); buffer zone 28,965 (71,570) 2001 [45]
Meidan Emam, Esfahan Large rectangular square surrounded by buildings some of which have cuppolas. Isfahan,  Iran
32°39′27″N 51°40′40″E / 32.6575°N 51.67778°E / 32.6575; 51.67778 (Meidan Emam, Esfahan)
Cultural:
(i)(v)(vi)
1979 [46]
Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin Small church of dark stone with a central tower topped by a conical roof. Haghpat and Sanahin, Lori Province,  Armenia
41°5′42″N 44°42′37″E / 41.095°N 44.71028°E / 41.095; 44.71028 (Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
70002650000000000002.65 (6.5); buffer zone 24 (59) 1996[nb 2] [47]
Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley Stone church with a central tower topped by a conical roof. near Goght, Kotayk Province,  Armenia
40°9′32″N 44°47′48″E / 40.15889°N 44.79667°E / 40.15889; 44.79667 (Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley)
Cultural:
(ii)
70002700000000000002.70 (6.7) 2000 [48]
Nemrut Dağ Large sculpted heads of a bird and a human lying on the ground. Adiyaman Province,  Turkey
38°2′12″N 38°45′49″E / 38.03667°N 38.76361°E / 38.03667; 38.76361 (Nemrut Dağ)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
700111000000000000011 (27) 1987 [49]
Old City of Acre A fortress or a tower of a fortification. Western Galilee,  Israel
32°55′42″N 35°5′2″E / 32.92833°N 35.08389°E / 32.92833; 35.08389 (Old City of Acre)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(v)
700163000000000000063 (160) 2001 [50]
Old City of Sana'a Houses with beige walls and white framed windows. Sana'a Governorate,  Yemen
15°21′20″N 44°12′29″E / 15.35556°N 44.20806°E / 15.35556; 44.20806 (Old City of Sana'a)
Cultural:
(iv)(v)(vi)
1986 Sana’a has been lived in for more than 2,500 years. In the 7th and 8th centuries the city became a major centre for spreading Islam. This religious and political heritage can be seen in the 103 mosques, 14 hammams and over 6,000 houses, all built before the 11th century. [51]
Old Walled City of Shibam Tall and narrow white and brownish houses with small windows. Hadhramaut Governorate,  Yemen
15°55′37″N 48°37′36″E / 15.92694°N 48.62667°E / 15.92694; 48.62667 (Old Walled City of Shibam)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)(v)
1982 The 16th-century city of Shibam is one of the oldest and best examples of urban planning based on vertical construction. [52]
Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) Landscape with barren hills in the background, a valley and a mountain slope with low trees in the foreground. North Lebanon Governorate,  Lebanon
34°14′36″N 36°2′56″E / 34.24333°N 36.04889°E / 34.24333; 36.04889 (Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab))
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
1998 The Qadisha valley is one of the most important early Christian monastic settlements in the world. Nearby are the remains of the great forest of cedars of Lebanon, highly prized in antiquity for the construction of great religious buildings. [53]
Painted Churches in the Troodos Region Troodos Mountains, Limassol and Nicosia Districts,  Cyprus
34°55′13″N 33°5′45″E / 34.92028°N 33.09583°E / 34.92028; 33.09583 (Painted Churches in the Troodos Region)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
1985[nb 3] [54]
[55]
Paphos A colorful mosaic showing various people. Paphos District,  Cyprus
34°45′30″N 32°24′20″E / 34.75833°N 32.40556°E / 34.75833; 32.40556 (Paphos)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
1980 [56]
Pasargadae A small step pyramid like structure with a house-shaped structure on top. Pars,  Iran
30°11′38″N 53°10′2″E / 30.19389°N 53.16722°E / 30.19389; 53.16722 (Pasargadae)
Cultural:
(1)(ii)(iii)(iv)
7002160000000000000160 (400); buffer zone 7,127 (17,610) 2004 [57]
Persepolis Ruins of buildings and a frieze depicting humans carrying staffs or lances. Fars,  Iran
29°56′4″N 52°52′25″E / 29.93444°N 52.87361°E / 29.93444; 52.87361 (Persepolis)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(vi)
700113000000000000013 (32) 1979 [58]
Petra Facade of a building on a cliff face. Ma'an Governorate,  Jordan
30°19′50″N 35°26′36″E / 30.33056°N 35.44333°E / 30.33056; 35.44333 (Petra)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
1985 Lived in since prehistoric times, this Nabataean caravan-city, between the Red Sea and the Dead Sea, was an important crossroads between Arabia, Egypt and Syria-Phoenicia. Petra is half-built, half-carved into the rock, and is surrounded by mountains covered with passages and gorges. [59]
Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun
Archaeological site of foundations of buildings.
Northern Governorate,  Bahrain
26°13′59″N 50°31′20″E / 26.23306°N 50.52222°E / 26.23306; 50.52222 (Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
700132000000000000032 (79); buffer zone 1,238 (3,060) 2005[nb 4] The site was the capital of the Dilmun, one of the most important ancient civilizations of the region. [60]
[61]
Quseir Amra Small ruined stone building. Zarqa Governorate,  Jordan
31°48′7″N 36°35′9″E / 31.80194°N 36.58583°E / 31.80194; 36.58583 (Qasr Amra)
Cultural:
(i)(iii)(iv)
1985 Built in the early 8th century, this very well kept desert castle was both a fortress with a garrison and a residence of the Umayyad caliphs. [62]
Samarra Archaeological City
A slightly ruined spiral tower of white stone.
Salah ad Din Governorate,  Iraq
34°20′28″N 43°49′25″E / 34.34111°N 43.82361°E / 34.34111; 43.82361 (Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat))
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
700415058000000000015,058 (37,210); buffer zone 31,414 (77,630) 2007 Samarra Archaeological City is the site of a powerful Islamic capital city that ruled over the provinces of the Abbasid Empire extending from Tunisia to Central Asia for a century. The 9th-century Great Mosque and its spiral minaret are among the many remarkable architectural monuments of the site, 80% of which remain to be excavated. The site has been listed as endangered since it was added. [63]
[64]
Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex Large mosque with four minarets and a large dome of dark stone. Edirne, East Thrace,  Turkey
41°40′40″N 26°33′34″E / 41.67778°N 26.55944°E / 41.67778; 26.55944 (Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex)
Cultural:
(i)(iv)
70002500000000000002.50 (6.2); buffer zone 38 (94) 2011 [65]
Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil Two cuppolas covered in blue, yellow and brown tiles. Ardabil, Ardabil Province,  Iran
38°14′55″N 48°17′29″E / 38.24861°N 48.29139°E / 38.24861; 48.29139 (Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
70002140000000000002.14 (5.3); buffer zone 13 (32) 2010 [66]
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System Ruins of a river bridge. Khuzestan,  Iran
32°1′7″N 48°50′9″E / 32.01861°N 48.83583°E / 32.01861; 48.83583 (Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(v)
7002240000000000000240 (590); buffer zone 1,572 (3,880) 2009 [67]
Site of Palmyra Ruins of stone buildigns with columns. Homs Governorate,  Syria
34°33′15″N 38°16′0″E / 34.55417°N 38.266667°E / 34.55417; 38.266667 (Site of Palmyra)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iv)
69993600000000000000.36 (0.89) 1980 An oasis in the Syrian desert, north-east of Damascus, Palmyra has the monumental ruins of a great city that was one of the most important cultural centres of the ancient world. [68]
Socotra Archipelago A tree over a dry, barren, rocky landscape. Hadhramaut Governorate,  Yemen
12°30′N 53°50′E / 12.5°N 53.833°E / 12.5; 53.833 (Socotra Archipelago)
Natural:
(x)
7005410460000000000410,460 (1,014,300); buffer zone 1,740,958 (4,302,000) 2008 Socotra Archipelago, in the northwest Indian Ocean near the Gulf of Aden, is 250 km long. It has four islands and two rocky islets. The site is of universal importance because of its biodiversity with rich and distinct flora and fauna. [69]
Soltaniyeh Zanjan,  Iran
36°26′7″N 48°47′48″E / 36.43528°N 48.79667°E / 36.43528; 48.79667 (Soltaniyeh)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
7002790000000000000790 (2,000); buffer zone 350 (860) 2005 [70]
Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex Covered arcade lined by shops. Tabriz,  Iran
38°4′53″N 46°17′35″E / 38.08139°N 46.29306°E / 38.08139; 46.29306 (Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(iv)
700129000000000000029 (72); buffer zone 75 (190) 2010 [71]
Takht-e Soleyman Ruins of buildings near a lake. West Azerbaijan,  Iran
36°36′14″N 47°14′6″E / 36.60389°N 47.235°E / 36.60389; 47.235 (Takht-e Soleyman)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
700110000000000000010 (25); buffer zone 7,438 (18,380) 2003 [72]
Tchogha Zanbil Ruins of a pyramid like structure. Khuzestan,  Iran
32°5′0″N 48°32′0″E / 32.083333°N 48.533333°E / 32.083333; 48.533333 (Tchogha Zanbil)
Cultural:
(iii)(iv)
&10000000000000000000000 1979 [73]
The Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls City view with houses, churches and a building with a large golden dome. Jerusalem[nb 1]
31°47′0″N 35°13′0″E / 31.783333°N 35.216667°E / 31.783333; 35.216667 (Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)(vi)
1981 As a holy city for Judaism, Christianity and Islam, Jerusalem has always been of great symbolic importance. It is recognized by all three religions as the site of Abraham's sacrifice. The site has been listed as endangered since 1982. [74]
[75]
[76]
The Persian Garden Water basin in a garden, flowers trees and a building with open portico. Pars,  Iran
30°10′0″N 53°10′0″E / 30.166667°N 53.166667°E / 30.166667; 53.166667 (The Persian Garden)
Cultural:
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
7002716000000000000716 (1,770); buffer zone 9,740 (24,100) 2011 [77]
Tyre Ruins of columns near the sea. South Lebanon Governorate,  Lebanon
33°16′19″N 35°11′40″E / 33.27194°N 35.19444°E / 33.27194; 35.19444 (Tyre)
Cultural:
(iii)(vi)
7002154000000000000154 (380) 1984 Tyre ruled the seas and founded rich colonies such as Cadiz and Carthage. There are important archaeological remains, mainly from Roman times. [78]
Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) Ruins of a building of white stone. Madaba Governorate,  Jordan
31°30′6″N 35°55′14″E / 31.50167°N 35.92056°E / 31.50167; 35.92056 (Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a))
Cultural:
(i)(iv)(vi)
700124000000000000024 (59); buffer zone 90 (220) 2005 Most of this archaeological site, which started as a Roman military camp and grew to become a town from the 5th century, has not been excavated. It has remains from the Roman, Byzantine and Early Muslim periods (end of 3rd to 9th centuries AD) and a fortified Roman military camp. [79]
Upper Svaneti Stone towers in a mountain landscape Chajashi, Mestia District, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti,  Georgia
42°54′59″N 43°0′41″E / 42.91639°N 43.01139°E / 42.91639; 43.01139 (Upper Svaneti)
Cultural:
(iv)(v)
70001060000000000001.06 (2.6); buffer zone 19 (47) 1996 [80]
Wadi Rum Protected Area A dry mountain landscape with smoothened rocks. Aqaba Governorate,  Jordan
29°38′N 35°26′E / 29.633°N 35.433°E / 29.633; 35.433 (Wadi Rum Protected Area)
Mixed:
(iii)(v)(vii)
700474180000000000074,180 (183,300); buffer zone 59,177 (146,230) 2011 The 74,000-hectare property is in southern Jordan, near the border with Saudi Arabia. It has a varied desert landscape, as well as 25,000 rock carvings with 20,000 inscriptions. [81]
Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower Ruins of underground buildings and a building with cuppola above ground. Absheron Peninsula,  Azerbaijan
40°22′0″N 49°50′0″E / 40.366667°N 49.833333°E / 40.366667; 49.833333 (Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower)
Cultural:
(iv)
700122000000000000022 (54) 2000 [82]
White City of Tel-Aviv -- the Modern Movement White modern building. Tel Aviv,  Israel
32°4′0″N 34°47′0″E / 32.066667°N 34.783333°E / 32.066667; 34.783333 (White City of Tel-Aviv -- the Modern Movement)
Cultural:
(ii)(iv)
7002140000000000000140 (350); buffer zone 197 (490) 2003 [83]
Xanthos-Letoon Ruins of buildings and of an amphitheatre. , Muğla and Antalya Provinces,  Turkey
36°20′6″N 29°19′13″E / 36.335°N 29.32028°E / 36.335; 29.32028 (Xanthos-Letoon)
Cultural:
(ii)(iii)
7002126000000000000126 (310); buffer zone 63 (160) 1988 [84]
Notes
  1. 1.0 1.1 Site nominated by Jordan. UNESCO says that, "In line with relevant UN resolutions, East Jerusalem remains part of the occupied Palestinian territory."
  2. Extended in 2000 to include the Sanahin Monastery and name change from Monastery of Haghpat to the present name.
  3. Extended in 2001 to include the church Metamorfosis tou Sotiros (Transfiguration of the Saviour) in Palaichori.
  4. Minor modification of the core zone and enlargement of the buffer zone in 2008.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Number of World Heritage Properties by region". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/stat#s1. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  2. "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings". Geographical region and composition of each region. United Nations Statistics Division. 2010. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm#europe. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "World Heritage List". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list. Retrieved 28 May 2010.
  4. "Aflaj Irrigation Systems of Oman". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1207. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  5. "Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1293. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  6. "Ancient City of Aleppo". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/21. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  7. "Ancient City of Bosra". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/22. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  8. "Ancient City of Damascus". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/20. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  9. "Ancient Villages of Northern Syria". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1348. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  10. "Anjar". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/293. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  11. "Archaeological Site of Troy". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/849. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
  12. "Archaeological Sites of Bat, Al-Khutm and Al-Ayn". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/434. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  13. "Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1262. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  14. "Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat)". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1130. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  15. 27th session 2003, pp. 123–124
  16. "At-Turaif District in ad-Dir'iyah". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1329. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  17. "Baalbek". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/294. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  18. "Bagrati Cathedral and Gelati Monastery". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/710. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  19. 34th session 2010, pp. 130–133
  20. "Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1040. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  21. "Bahla Fort". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/433. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  22. "Bam and its Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1208. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  23. 28th session 2004, pp. 47–48
  24. "Biblical Tels - Megiddo, Hazor, Beer Sheba". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1108. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  25. "Bisotun". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1222. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  26. "Byblos". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/295. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  27. "Cathedral and Churches of Echmiatsin and the Archaeological Site of Zvartnots". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1011. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  28. "Choirokoitia". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/848. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  29. "City of Safranbolu". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/614. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
  30. "Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1229. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  31. "Cultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas)". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1343. Retrieved 10 Dec 2011.
  32. "Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1076. Retrieved 10 Dec 2011.
  33. "Great Mosque and Hospital of Divriği". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/358. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
  34. "Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/357. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
  35. "Hatra". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/277. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  36. "Hattusha: the Hittite Capital". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/377. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
  37. "Hierapolis-Pamukkale". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/485. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
  38. "Historical Monuments of Mtskheta". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/708. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  39. 33rd session 2009, p. 139
  40. "Historic Areas of Istanbul". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/356. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
  41. "Historic Town of Zabid". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/611. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  42. 24th session 2000, pp. 26–27
  43. "Incense Route – Desert Cities in the Negev". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1107. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  44. "Land of Frankincense". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1010. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  45. "Masada". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1040. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  46. "Meidan Emam, Esfahan". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/115. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  47. "Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/777. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  48. "Monastery of Geghard and the Upper Azat Valley". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/960. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  49. "Nemrut Dağ". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/448. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
  50. "Old City of Acre". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1042. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  51. "Old City of Sana'a". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/385. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  52. "Old Walled City of Shibam". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/192. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  53. "Ouadi Qadisha (the Holy Valley) and the Forest of the Cedars of God (Horsh Arz el-Rab)". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/850. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  54. "Painted Churches in the Troodos Region". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/351. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  55. "Decision - 25COM X.B - Painted Churches in the Troodos Region [Extension to include the Church of Ayia Sotira, Palaichori (Cyprus)"]. UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/2314. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  56. "Paphos". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/79. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  57. "Pasargadae". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1106. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  58. "Persepolis". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/114. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  59. "Petra". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/326. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  60. "Qal'at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1192. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  61. "Evaluatinos of Cultural Properties: 32nd ordinary session" (PDF). UNESCO. p. 37. http://whc.unesco.org/archive/2008/whc08-32com-inf8B1ADDe.pdf. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  62. "Quseir Amra". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/327. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  63. "Samarra Archaeological City". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/276. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  64. 31st session 2007, pp. 152–153
  65. "Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1366. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
  66. "Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1345. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  67. "Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1315. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  68. "Site of Palmyra". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/23. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  69. "Socotra Archipelago". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1263. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  70. "Soltaniyeh". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1188. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  71. "Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1346. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  72. "Takht-e Soleyman". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1077. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  73. "Tchogha Zanbil". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/113. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  74. "Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/148. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  75. "World Heritage Committee: Sixth session" (PDF). UNESCO. pp. 10–12. http://whc.unesco.org/archive/1982/clt-82-conf015-8e.pdf. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
  76. "UNESCO replies to allegations". UNESCO. 15 July 2011. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/media-services/single-view/news/unescos_position_regarding_jerusalem/. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
  77. "The Persian Garden". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1372. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  78. "Tyre". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/299. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  79. "Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a)". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1093. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  80. "Upper Svaneti". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/709. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  81. "Wadi Rum Protected Area". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1377. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  82. "Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/958. Retrieved 10 Dec 2011.
  83. "White City of Tel-Aviv -- the Modern Movement". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1096. Retrieved 17 Aug 2011.
  84. "Xanthos-Letoon". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/484. Retrieved 7 Dec 2011.
This article is about a World Heritage Site