List of World Heritage Sites in Western Europe

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has designated 131 World Heritage Sites in Western Europe. These sites are in 9 countries. Liechtenstein and Monaco have no sites. There are ten sites which are shared between countries.[1][2] The first site from the region to be included on the list was the Aachen Cathedral in Germany in 1978.[3]

Legend[change | edit source]

The list below uses a definition of Western Europe which includes the United Kingdom and Ireland.

Site – named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation
Location – sorted by country, followed by the region at the regional or provincial level and geocoordinates. In the case of multinational or multi-regional sites, the names are sorted alphabetically.
Criteria – as defined by the World Heritage Committee
Area – in hectares and acres, followed by buffer zones if applicable. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year – during which the site was added to the World Heritage List
Description – brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

Sites A to M[change | edit source]

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Aachen Cathedral A Gothic, castle-like building, in a rural area and surrounded by several trees. GermanyAachen,
 Germany
50°46′28″N 6°5′4″E / 50.77444°N 6.08444°E / 50.77444; 6.08444 (Aachen Cathedral)
Cultural:GerAac
(i), (ii),
(iv), (vi)
1978
Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch A stand-alone gatehouse surrounded by many trees. GermanyLorsch,
 Germany
49°39′13.284″N 8°34′6.888″E / 49.65369°N 8.56858°E / 49.65369; 8.56858 (Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch)
Cultural:GerLor
(iii), (iv)
1991 The abbey and gate or 'Torhall', are from the Carolingian era. The notable Carolingian sculptures and paintings are still in good condition.[4]
Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe A large chapel, taken from a bridge seen in the foreground. FranceVienne,
 France
46°33′52.992″N 0°51′57.996″E / 46.56472°N 0.86611°E / 46.56472; 0.86611 (Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe)
Cultural:FraVie
(i), (iii)
69991600000000000000.16 (0.40) 1983
Amiens Cathedral A very tall cathedral with three large entrances. FranceAmiens,
 France
49°53′42″N 2°18′6″E / 49.895°N 2.30167°E / 49.895; 2.30167 (Amiens Cathedral)
Cultural:FraAmi
(i), (ii)
70001370000000000001.37 (3.4) 1981
Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne A large, circular stone tomb with a top covered with a thin grass. IrelandCounty Meath,
 Ireland
53°41′30.012″N 6°27′0″W / 53.69167°N 6.45°W / 53.69167; -6.45 (Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne)
Cultural:IreCouMea
(i), (iii), (iv)
7002770000000000000770 (1,900) 1993
Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments A large stone amphitheatre which is surrounded by many buildings. FranceBouches-du-Rhône,
 France
43°40′39.5″N 4°37′50.5″E / 43.677639°N 4.630694°E / 43.677639; 4.630694 (Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments)
Cultural:FraArl
(ii), (iv)
700165000000000000065 (160) 1981
Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar and Dessau A grayscale image of a modern looking building. GermanyBerlin, Dessau, and Weimar
 Germany
50°58′29.172″N 11°19′46.164″E / 50.97477°N 11.32949°E / 50.97477; 11.32949 (Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar and Dessau)
Cultural:GerBer1
(ii), (iv), (vi)
1996
Beemster Polder A row of small homes with varying architecture. NetherlandsNorth Holland,
 Netherlands
52°32′56″N 4°54′40″E / 52.54889°N 4.91111°E / 52.54889; 4.91111 (Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder))
Cultural:NetNorBeem
(i), (ii), (iv)
1999 The early 17th century Beemster Polder, is a series of fields, roads, canals, dykes and settlements all built on land reclaimed from the sea.[5]
Belfries of Belgium and France A large tower with a clock near its top. Belgium Belgium*
 France*
50°10′27.984″N 3°13′53.004″E / 50.17444°N 3.23139°E / 50.17444; 3.23139 (Belfries of Belgium and France)
Cultural:Belg1
(ii), (iv)
1999
Benedictine Convent of St John at Müstair A clock tower standing beside two small houses and a museum. SwitzerlandMüstair,
 Switzerland
46°37′46.02″N 10°26′51.54″E / 46.62945°N 10.44765°E / 46.62945; 10.44765 (Benedictine Convent of St John at Müstair)
Cultural:SwiMus
(iii)
70032036000000000002,036 (5,030) 1983 The Convent of Müstair is a Christian monastery from the Carolingian period. It has Switzerland's greatest series of figurative murals, painted c. 800 AD, along with other Romanesque art and designs.[6]
Berlin Modernism Housing Estates Panzerkreuzer apartment building, a white four storey apartment complex GermanyBerlin,
 Germany
52°26′54″N 13°26′59.9″E / 52.44833°N 13.449972°E / 52.44833; 13.449972 (Berlin Modernism Housing Estates)
Cultural:GerBer2
(ii), (iv)
700188000000000000088 (220)
Buffer zone: 259 (640)
2008 The property has six housing estates from 1910 to 1933.The lessons learned here were applied on other projects around the world. Some of the notable architects on these house were; Bruno Taut, Martin Wagner and Walter Gropius.[7]
Blaenavon Industrial Landscape A small mining site overlooking a small city and large fields. United KingdomTorfaen, Wales,
 United Kingdom
51°46′35″N 3°5′17″W / 51.77639°N 3.08806°W / 51.77639; -3.08806 (Blaenavon Industrial Landscape)
Cultural:UniTorf
(iii), (iv)
70033290000000000003,290 (8,100) 2000
Blenheim Palace A large brick building with a freshly mowed lawn in front. United KingdomWoodstock,
 United Kingdom
51°50′31″N 1°21′41″W / 51.84194°N 1.36139°W / 51.84194; -1.36139 (Blenheim Palace)
Cultural:UniWoo
(ii), (iv)
1987
Bordeaux, Port of the Moon A short tower stands beside two long peripheral buildings of a similar style. FranceGironde,
 France
44°50′20″N 0°34′20″E / 44.83889°N 0.57222°E / 44.83889; 0.57222 (Bordeaux, Port of the Moon)
Cultural:FraGir1
(ii), (iv)
70031731000000000001,731 (4,280) 2007
Bourges Cathedral A moderately lit "T"-shaped cathedral shines at dusk. FranceBourges,
 France
47°4′56″N 2°23′54″E / 47.08222°N 2.39833°E / 47.08222; 2.39833 (Bourges Cathedral)
Cultural:FraBou
(i), (iv)
69998500000000000000.85 (2.1) 1992
Canal du Midi A speedboat sails along a narrow river surrounded by a trail and trees on both of its sides. FranceSouthern France,
 France
43°36′41″N 1°24′59″E / 43.61139°N 1.41639°E / 43.61139; 1.41639 (Canal du Midi)
Cultural:FraSou1
(i), (ii),
(iv), (vi)
70031172000000000001,172 (2,900) 1996
Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church A beige-colored cathedral with various entrances. United KingdomCanterbury,
 United Kingdom
51°16′48″N 1°4′59″W / 51.28°N 1.08306°W / 51.28; -1.08306 (Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church)
Cultural:UniCan
(i), (ii), (vi)
700118000000000000018 (44) 1988
Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd A medieval-style castle with a parking lot in the foreground. United KingdomGwynedd, Wales,
 United Kingdom
53°8′23″N 4°16′37″W / 53.13972°N 4.27694°W / 53.13972; -4.27694 (Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd)
Cultural:UniGwy
(i), (iii), (iv)
70006000000000000006 (15) 1986
Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl A giant stretch of road leads to an open gate enclosing a large palace. GermanyBrühl, North Rhine-Westphalia,
 Germany
50°49′30.1″N 6°54′35.2″E / 50.825028°N 6.909778°E / 50.825028; 6.909778 (Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl)
Cultural:GerBru
(ii), (iv)
700189000000000000089 (220) 1984 Augustusburg Castle, the home of the prince-archbishops of Cologne, and the Falkenlust hunting lodge are both examples of early German Rococo architecture.[8]
Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Rémi and Palace of Tau, Reims A large building with two distinct summits and two large entrances side-to-side. FranceReims,
 France
49°15′12″N 4°1′58″E / 49.25333°N 4.03278°E / 49.25333; 4.03278 (Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims)
Cultural:FraRei
(i), (ii), (vi)
70004160000000000004.16 (10.3) 1991 Notre-Dame in Reims is one of the masterpieces of Gothic art. The former abbey still has its beautiful 9th-century nave, with the remains of Archbishop St Rémi (440–533). [9]
The Causses and the Cévennes A small village lies almost hidden by trees in a narrow valley between steep sided mountains. FranceSouthern France,
 France
44°13′13″N 3°28′23″E / 44.22028°N 3.47306°E / 44.22028; 3.47306 (The Causses and the Cévennes)
Cultural:FraSou2
(iii), (v)
7005302319000000000302,319 (747,050)
Buffer zone: 312,425 (772,020)
2011 This site, in the southern part of central France, is mountainous with many narrow valleys. The valleys of the Causses were developed and controlled by large abbeys, starting in the 11th century.[10]
Chartres Cathedral A large cathedral with two distinct summits. FranceChartres,
 France
48°26′51″N 1°29′14″E / 48.4475°N 1.48722°E / 48.4475; 1.48722 (Chartres Cathedral)
Cultural:FraCha
(i), (ii), (iv)
70001060000000000001.06 (2.6) 1979 The cathedral was started in 1145 and rebuilt after a fire in 1194. It is a masterpiece of French Gothic art. The sculptures are from the 12th century and the stained-glass windows are from the 12th and 13th centuries.[11]
La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, Watchmaking Town Planning A fairly large city with buildings of diverse sizes. Switzerland Canton of Neuchâtel,
 Switzerland
47°6′14″N 6°49′58″E / 47.10389°N 6.83278°E / 47.10389; 6.83278 (La Chaux-de-Fonds/Le Locle, Watchmaking Town Planning.)
Cultural:SwiNeu
(iv)
7002284000000000000284 (700) 2009 The site has two towns close to one another in the Swiss Jura mountains. The town of La Chaux-de-Fonds was described by Karl Marx as a “huge factory-town” in Das Kapital where he analyzed the watchmaking industry of the Jura.[12]
Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay A corridor enclosed by large pillars, which ends with a small doorway. FranceMarmagne, Côte-d'Or,
 France
47°38′21.984″N 4°23′20.796″E / 47.63944°N 4.38911°E / 47.63944; 4.38911 (Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay)
Cultural:FraMar
(iv)
70005770000000000005.77 (14.3) 1981 The monastery was founded by St Bernard in 1119. The abbey was built to be self-sufficient and to isolate the residents from the outside world.[13]
City of Bath An aerial view of a semicircular terrace of houses. United KingdomSomerset,
 United Kingdom
51°22′53″N 2°21′31″W / 51.38139°N 2.35861°W / 51.38139; -2.35861 (City of Bath)
Cultural:UniSom
(i), (ii), (iv)
70032900000000000002,900 (7,200) 1987 Bath was founded by the Romans as a thermal spa town. Some of the Roman buildings are can still be seen. It was later rebuilt as a neoclassical town.[14]
City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg A short but large clock tower shines at dawn. AustriaStyria,
 Austria
47°4′27″N 15°23′30″E / 47.07417°N 15.39167°E / 47.07417; 15.39167 (City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg)
Cultural:AusSty
(ii), (iv)
1999 A branch of the Habsburg family lived in Graz for centuries.[15]
City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications A panoramic view of a city. A small church is at the left, while a stony cliff flanks a small road leading to various buildings to the right. Luxembourg Luxembourg
49°36′36″N 6°7′59.988″E / 49.61°N 6.13333°E / 49.61; 6.13333 (City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications)
Cultural:Luxembourg
(iv)
700130000000000000030 (74) 1994 Over the centuries Luxembourg was traded back and forth by the great powers in Europe, each of which fortified and expanded the city.[16]
Classical Weimar A grayscale image of a small museum with a statue of two men in front. GermanyThuringia,
 Germany
50°58′39″N 11°19′42.996″E / 50.9775°N 11.32861°E / 50.9775; 11.32861 (Classical Weimar)
Cultural:GerWei
(iii), (vi)
1998 Weimar became a cultural center in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, when the city was home to Goethe and Schiller.[17]
Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg A town square with two visible buildings and a few tourists. GermanyHarz,
 Germany
51°46′59.988″N 11°9′0″E / 51.78333°N 11.15°E / 51.78333; 11.15 (Collegiate Church, Castle and Old Town of Quedlinburg)
Cultural:GerHar
(iv)
1994
Cologne Cathedral A large, brightly lit cathedral sits in the middle of a skyline at night. GermanyCologne,
 Germany
50°56′28″N 6°57′26″E / 50.94111°N 6.95722°E / 50.94111; 6.95722 (Cologne Cathedral)
Cultural:GerCol
(i), (ii), (iv)
1996
Convent of St Gall A large cathedral with two distinct summits. SwitzerlandSt. Gallen,
 Switzerland
47°25′23.988″N 9°22′40.008″E / 47.42333°N 9.37778°E / 47.42333; 9.37778 (Convent of St Gall)
Cultural:SwiStGal
(ii), (iv)
1983 The Carolingian Convent of St Gall was one of the most important in Europe. Its library is one of the richest and oldest in the world.[18]
Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape A small brick building obstructs a view of waves crashing into rocks behind it. United KingdomSouth West England,
 United Kingdom
50°8′10″N 5°23′1″W / 50.13611°N 5.38361°W / 50.13611; -5.38361 (Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape)
Cultural:UniSouCor
(ii), (iii), (iv)
700419719000000000019,719 (48,730) 2006
Defence Line of Amsterdam A small fortified building across a small footbridge. NetherlandsAmsterdam,
 Netherlands
52°22′28″N 4°53′35″E / 52.37444°N 4.89306°E / 52.37444; 4.89306 (Defence Line of Amsterdam)
Cultural:NetAmsDef
(ii), (iv), (v)
700414953000000000014,953 (36,950) 1996
Derwent Valley Mills A large building with many windows behind a blue fence. United KingdomDerbyshire,
 United Kingdom
53°1′44″N 1°29′17″W / 53.02889°N 1.48806°W / 53.02889; -1.48806 (Derwent Valley Mills)
Cultural:UniDer
(ii), (iv)
70031229000000000001,229 (3,040) 2001
Dorset and East Devon Coast A large, rocky cliff overlooking the sea to the right, crashing into the shore. United KingdomDorset,
 United Kingdom
50°42′20″N 2°59′23.6″W / 50.70556°N 2.989889°W / 50.70556; -2.989889 (Dorset and East Devon Coast)
Natural:UniEasDev
(viii)
70032550000000000002,550 (6,300) 2001
Durham Castle and Cathedral A courtyard in the foreground precedes a large medieval-style castle with a clock atop one of its peaks. United KingdomDurham,
 United Kingdom
54°46′29″N 1°34′34″W / 54.77472°N 1.57611°W / 54.77472; -1.57611 (Durham Castle and Cathedral)
Cultural:UniDur
(ii), (iv), (vi)
70008789999999999998.79 (21.7) 1986
Episcopal City of Albi A distant view of a small city in the background and a narrow bridge hidden by a few trees along a river. FranceTarn,
 France
43°55′42″N 2°8′33″E / 43.92833°N 2.1425°E / 43.92833; 2.1425 (Cité épiscopale d'Albi)
Cultural:FraTar
(iv), (v)
700119000000000000019 (47) 2010
Fagus Factory in Alfeld A very long building with a semi-circular roof. GermanyAlfeld,
 Germany
51°59′1″N 9°48′40″E / 51.98361°N 9.81111°E / 51.98361; 9.81111 (Fagus Factory in Alfeld)
Cultural:GerAlf
(ii), (iv)
70001880000000000001.88 (4.6) 2011
Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape A crow walks on a frozen lake near a narrow dock. AustriaBurgenland and Győr-Moson-Sopron County,
 Austria*
 Hungary*
47°43′9.4″N 16°43′21.8″E / 47.719278°N 16.722722°E / 47.719278; 16.722722 (Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:AusBur
(v)
700152000000000000052 (130)
buffer: 40 (99)
2001 A number of 18th and 19th century villages and castles were built on top of ancient settlements and landscape.[19]
Flemish Béguinages A series of red houses with dark roofs are partially hidden behind a white, deteriorating wall. BelgiumFlanders,
 Belgium
51°1′51.5″N 4°28′25.5″E / 51.030972°N 4.47375°E / 51.030972; 4.47375 (Flemish Béguinages)
Cultural:BelFla
(ii), (iii), (iv)
700160000000000000060 (150) 1998
Fortifications of Vauban An aerial view of a large building and several other smaller buildings surrounded by a reinforced wall. France France
50°16′57″N 2°45′32″E / 50.2825°N 2.75889°E / 50.2825; 2.75889 (Fortifications of Vauban)
Cultural:Fra1
(i), (ii), (iv)
70031153000000000001,153 (2,850) 2008
The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx Two medium-sized boats float in front of a large iron structure. BelgiumLa Louvière,
 Belgium
50°28′51.996″N 4°8′13.992″E / 50.48111°N 4.13722°E / 50.48111; 4.13722 (The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre)
Cultural:BelLaLou
(iii), (iv)
700167000000000000067 (170) 1998
Frontiers of the Roman Empire A very long wall separating two large plains. GermanyCentral Lowlands,
Northern England,
and Southern Germany
 Germany*
 United Kingdom*
54°59′33.4″N 2°36′3.6″W / 54.992611°N 2.601°W / 54.992611; -2.601 (Frontiers of the Roman Empire)
Cultural:GerCen
(ii), (iii), (iv)
7002527000000000000527 (1,300) 1987
Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz A small row boat navigates a wide river, while a forest stands in the background, hiding a large tower. GermanySaxony-Anhalt,
 Germany
51°50′33″N 12°25′14.988″E / 51.8425°N 12.42083°E / 51.8425; 12.42083 (Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz)
Cultural:GerSax1
(ii), (iv)
700414500000000000014,500 (36,000) 2000
Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast A small cove made up of tall and geometrically distinct rock formations, on which two couples are sitting. United KingdomCounty Antrim, Northern Ireland,
 United Kingdom
55°15′0″N 6°29′7″W / 55.25°N 6.48528°W / 55.25; -6.48528 (Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast)
Natural:UniCouAnt
(vii), (viii)
700170000000000000070 (170) 1986
La Grand-Place, Brussels A large city square with many large buildings around it. BelgiumBrussels,
 Belgium
50°50′48.048″N 4°21′8.712″E / 50.84668°N 4.35242°E / 50.84668; 4.35242 (La Grand-Place, Brussels)
Cultural:BelBru1
(ii), (iv)
1998
Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve A large rock formation pierces through the ocean's surface. FranceCorsica,
 France
42°19′30.7″N 8°37′43.8″E / 42.325194°N 8.628833°E / 42.325194; 8.628833 (Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve)
Natural:FraCor
(vii), (viii), (x)
700411800000000000011,800 (29,000) 1983
Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape A large lake surrounded by mountains lies in front of a small town in the corner of the frame. AustriaSalzkammergut,
 Austria
47°33′34″N 13°38′47″E / 47.55944°N 13.64639°E / 47.55944; 13.64639 (Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:AusSal
(iii), (iv)
700428446000000000028,446 (70,290) 1997
Hanseatic City of Lübeck A courtyard behind a large building with two cone-shaped summits holds flowers and trees on its sides. GermanySchleswig-Holstein,
 Germany
53°52′0.012″N 10°41′30.012″E / 53.86667°N 10.69167°E / 53.86667; 10.69167 (Hanseatic City of Lübeck)
Cultural:GerSch
(iv)
700181000000000000081 (200) 1987
Heart of Neolithic Orkney A small depression in the ground reveals a well-preserved excavation site with walls made of rock. United KingdomMainland, Scotland,
 United Kingdom
58°59′45.8″N 3°11′19.2″W / 58.996056°N 3.188667°W / 58.996056; -3.188667 (Heart of Neolithic Orkney)
Cultural:UniMai
(i), (ii),
(iii), (iv)
700115000000000000015 (37) 1999
Historic Centre of Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble and Avignon Bridge A large castle-like building from the front. FranceVaucluse,
 France
43°57′10″N 4°48′22″E / 43.95278°N 4.80611°E / 43.95278; 4.80611 (Historic Centre of Avignon)
Culture:FraVau
(i), (ii), (iv)
70008199999999999998.2 (20) 1995
Historic Centre of Bruges A small motorboat rides under a bridge over a canal, which runs between several buildings. BelgiumWest Flanders,
 Belgium
51°12′32.076″N 3°13′30.972″E / 51.20891°N 3.22527°E / 51.20891; 3.22527 (Historic Centre of Brugge)
Cultural:BelWes
(ii), (iv), (vi)
7002410000000000000410 (1,000) 2000
Historic Centre of Salzburg A distant view of a city sitting atop a hill, overlooking a river at dawn. AustriaSalzburg,
 Austria
47°48′2″N 13°2′36″E / 47.80056°N 13.04333°E / 47.80056; 13.04333 (Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg)
Cultural:AusSal
(ii), (iv), (vi)
7002236000000000000236 (580) 1996
Historic Centre of Vienna A large statue depicting a soldier riding a horse stands in the middle of a park. Austria Austria
48°13′0″N 16°22′59″E / 48.216667°N 16.38306°E / 48.216667; 16.38306 (Historic Centre of Vienna)
Cultural:Aus2
(ii), (iv), (vi)
7002371000000000000371 (920) 2001
Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar A brick building with a roof tapering dramatically toward the top via large square windows. GermanyMecklenburg-Vorpommern,
 Germany
54°18′9″N 13°5′7″E / 54.3025°N 13.08528°E / 54.3025; 13.08528 (Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar)
Cultural:GerMec
(ii), (iv)
7002168000000000000168 (420) 2002
Historic Site of Lyon A view of a courtyard, obstructed by a few trees, and a city in front of a large incline in the background. FranceRhône,
 France
45°46′1.992″N 4°49′59.988″E / 45.76722°N 4.83333°E / 45.76722; 4.83333 (Historic Site of Lyons)
Cultural:FraRho
(ii), (iv)
7002427000000000000427 (1,060) 1998
Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne A medieval castle-style wall sits on a heavy incline alongside flora. FranceAude,
 France
43°12′38″N 2°21′32″E / 43.21056°N 2.35889°E / 43.21056; 2.35889 (Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne)
Cultural:FraAud
(ii), (iv)
700111000000000000011 (27) 1997
Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station) A large building stands behind a big pool of water, which enters the former through six gratings. NetherlandsLemmer,
 Netherlands
52°50′44.988″N 5°40′44.004″E / 52.84583°N 5.67889°E / 52.84583; 5.67889 (Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station))
Culture:NetLem
(i), (ii), (iv)
70007320000000000007.32 (18.1) 1998
Ironbridge Gorge A tall iron bridge stands above a small gorge. United KingdomShropshire,
 United Kingdom
52°37′35″N 2°28′22″W / 52.62639°N 2.47278°W / 52.62639; -2.47278 (Ironbridge Gorge)
Cultural:UniShr
(i), (ii),
(iv), (vi)
1986
Jurisdiction of Saint-Émilion A view of a town with cramped houses and a church. FranceGironde,
 France
44°53′41″N 0°9′19″E / 44.89472°N 0.15528°E / 44.89472; 0.15528 (Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion)
Cultural:FraGir2
(iii), (iv)
70037847000000000007,847 (19,390) 1999
Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout Five windmills along the left bank of a canal NetherlandsAlblasserdam and Nieuw-Lekkerland,
 Netherlands
51°52′57″N 4°38′58″E / 51.8825°N 4.64944°E / 51.8825; 4.64944 (Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout)
Cultural:NetAlb
(i), (ii), (iv)
1997 The first canals and pumps to drain the land for farming were built here in the Middle Ages.[20]
Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces Vineyard terraces rise above Lake Geneva Switzerland Vaud,
 Switzerland
46°29′31″N 6°44′46″E / 46.49194°N 6.74611°E / 46.49194; 6.74611 (Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces)
Cultural:SwiVau
(iii), (iv), (v)
70031408000000000001,408 (3,480) 2007 The Lavaux Vineyard Terraces go for 30 km (19 mi) on the south-facing northern shores of Lake Geneva.[21]
Le Havre, the City Rebuilt by Auguste Perret A distant view of a large city bordered by a beach. FranceSeine-Maritime,
 France
49°29′34.008″N 0°6′27″E / 49.49278°N 0.1075°E / 49.49278; 0.1075 (Le Havre)
Cultural:FraSei
(ii), (iv)
7002133000000000000133 (330) 2005
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City Three building shine at dawn behind a large body of water in the distance. United KingdomMerseyside,
 United Kingdom
53°24′24″N 2°59′40″W / 53.40667°N 2.99444°W / 53.40667; -2.99444 (Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City)
Cultural:UniMer
(ii), (iii), (iv)
7002136000000000000136 (340) 2004
The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes An ornate white castle in the middle of a pond or moat. FranceLoire Valley,
 France
47°23′56.004″N 0°42′10.008″E / 47.39889°N 0.70278°E / 47.39889; 0.70278 (The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes)
Cultural:FraLoi
(i), (ii), (iv)
700485394000000000085,394 (211,010)
Buffer zone: 208,934 (516,290)
2000 The Loire Valley has historic towns and villages, castles and cultivated lands.[22]
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg A statue of a man holding a book stands in front of a white building. GermanySaxony-Anhalt,
 Germany
51°51′52.992″N 12°39′10.008″E / 51.86472°N 12.65278°E / 51.86472; 12.65278 (Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg)
Cultural:GerSax2
(iv), (vi)
1996
Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels) A medium-sized stairway that spirals as it climbs. BelgiumBrussels,
 Belgium
50°49′41.016″N 4°21′44.028″E / 50.82806°N 4.36223°E / 50.82806; 4.36223 (Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels))
Cultural:BelBru2
(i), (ii), (iv)
2000
Maritime Greenwich A view of a city coastline populated by white buildings with renaissance-era influences. United KingdomLondon,
 United Kingdom
51°28′45″N 0°0′0″E / 51.47917°N 0°E / 51.47917; 0 (Maritime Greenwich)
Cultural:UniLon1
(i), (ii),
(iv), (vi)
7002110000000000000110 (270) 1997
Maulbronn Monastery Complex Monastery courtyard with the gothic church on the left and monastery buildings on the right GermanyMaulbronn,
 Germany
49°0′2.988″N 8°48′47.016″E / 49.00083°N 8.81306°E / 49.00083; 8.81306 (Maulbronn Monastery Complex)
Cultural:GerMau
(ii), (iv)
1993 The Cistercian Maulbronn Monastery is the most complete and best-preserved medieval monastic complex north of the Alps.[23]
Messel Pit Fossil Site An open quarry pit in the middle of rolling, shrub covered hills GermanyMessel,
 Germany
49°55′0.012″N 8°45′14.004″E / 49.91667°N 8.75389°E / 49.91667; 8.75389 (Messel Pit Fossil Site)
Natural:GerMes
(viii)
700142000000000000042 (100)
buffer: 23 (57)
1995 Messel Pit is the richest fossil site in the world for the Eocene, 57 to 36 million years ago. It shows the early stages of mammalian evolution and includes very well-preserved mammal fossils. There are fully articulated skeletons, and the contents of the stomachs of animals.[24]
Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System An aerial view showing several dammed lakes within a forested and urban landscape GermanyGoslar,
Upper Harz,
 Germany
51°49′12″N 10°20′24″E / 51.82°N 10.34°E / 51.82; 10.34 (Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System)
Cultural:GerGos
(i), (ii),
(iii), (iv)
70031010000000000001,010 (2,500)
Buffer zone: 5,655 (13,970)
1992 The Upper Harz water management system was developed over a period of some 800 years to help in mining and extracting ore.[25]
Monastic Island of Reichenau A grey and white stone church with two square towers, both capped with red, pyramidal roofs. GermanyBaden-Württemberg,
 Germany
47°41′55.4″N 9°3′40.7″E / 47.698722°N 9.061306°E / 47.698722; 9.061306 (Monastic Island of Reichenau)
Cultural:GerBad
(iii), (iv), (vi)
2000 The site includes traces of the Benedictine monastery, founded in 724, which exercised remarkable spiritual, intellectual and artistic influence throughout the surrounding region.[26]
Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay The buildings of Mont Saint Michel sit on a rocky island that rises above the surrounding fields and bay FranceManche,
 France
48°38′8.016″N 1°30′38.016″W / 48.63556°N 1.51056°W / 48.63556; -1.51056 (Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay)
Cultural:FraMan
(i), (iii), (vi)
70036558000000000006,558 (16,210)
Buffer zone: 57,589 (142,310)
1979 Perched on a rocky islet in the midst of vast sandbanks exposed to powerful tides between Normandy and Brittany stands a Gothic-style Benedictine abbey, and the village which grew up under its walls.[27]
Monte San Giorgio Monte San Giorgio, shown on the left in the background of Lake Lugano SwitzerlandTicino,
 Italy*
 Switzerland*
45°53′20″N 8°54′50″E / 45.88889°N 8.91389°E / 45.88889; 8.91389 (Monte San Giorgio)
Natural:SwiCanTic
(viii)
70033207000000000003,207 (7,920) 2010 The pyramid-shaped, wooded mountain of Monte San Giorgio beside Lake Lugano is the best fossil record of marine life from the Triassic (245–230 million years ago).[28]
Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin An ornate grey stone building on the point of an urbanized island. The building is connected by two bridges to the neighboring banks GermanyBerlin,
 Germany
52°31′11″N 13°23′55″E / 52.51972°N 13.39861°E / 52.51972; 13.39861 (Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin)
Cultural:GerBer3
(ii), (iv)
1999 There are five museums on the Museumsinsel in Berlin. The collections trace the development of civilizations throughout the ages.[29]
Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski A red, ornate neo-gothic castle in a park-like location, the main tower of the castle is located to the left and topped with an ornate round dome and spire PolandUpper Lusatia,
 Germany*
 Poland*
51°34′45.5″N 14°43′35.2″E / 51.579306°N 14.726444°E / 51.579306; 14.726444 (Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski)
Cultural:GerUpp
(i), (iv)
7002348000000000000348 (860)
Buffer zone: 1,205 (2,980)
2004 A landscaped park on the Neisse River and the border between Poland and Germany, it was created by Prince Hermann von Puckler-Muskau from 1815 to 1844.[30]

Sites N to Z[change | edit source]

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons) A black and white drawing showing the underground and surface excavations in a flint bearing chalk BelgiumSpiennes,
 Belgium
50°25′50.772″N 3°58′43.644″E / 50.43077°N 3.97879°E / 50.43077; 3.97879 (Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons))
Cultural:BelSpi
(i), (iii), (iv)
7002172000000000000172 (430) 2000 The Neolithic flint mines at Spiennes are the largest and earliest concentration of ancient mines in Europe.[31]
New Lanark Several red brick factory buildings on the banks of a river which makes a hairpin turn. The buildings are surrounded by mountains and forest. United KingdomLanark, Scotland
 United Kingdom
55°39′48″N 3°46′59″W / 55.66333°N 3.78306°W / 55.66333; -3.78306 (New Lanark)
Cultural:UniLanSco
(ii), (iv), (vi)
7002146000000000000146 (360)
Buffer zone: 667 (1,650)
2001 New Lanark is a small 18th- century village where, in the early 19th century, Robert Owen built a community based on his ideals. The site includes cotton mill buildings, spacious workers' housing, and schools all built to form an industrial utopia.[32]
Notre-Dame Cathedral in Tournai A grey stone cathedral with a central square tower flanked by 4 square towers. Surrounded by the red roofs of the old city. BelgiumTournai,
 Belgium
50°36′21.708″N 3°23′21.336″E / 50.60603°N 3.38926°E / 50.60603; 3.38926 (Notre-Dame Cathedral in Tournai)
Cultural:BelTou
(ii), (iv)
69995000000000000000.5 (1.2) 2000 The Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Tournai was built in the first half of the 12th century. The nave, transept and towers are all in the romanesque style.[33]
Old City of Berne Bern's old city as seen from across the Aare River SwitzerlandBern,
 Switzerland
46°56′53.016″N 7°27′1.008″E / 46.94806°N 7.45028°E / 46.94806; 7.45028 (Old City of Bern)
Cultural:SwiCanBer
(iii)
700484684000000000084,684 (209,260) 1983 Founded in the 12th century, Bern developed on a hill site surrounded by the Aare River. The early wooden buildings were replaced with sandstone, followed by arcades in the 15th century arcades and fountains in the 16th century.[34]
Old and New Towns of Edinburgh A line of grey 4 to 6 story row houses from the right, lead to a grey stone church with a single tower. United KingdomEdinburgh, Scotland,
 United Kingdom
55°57′0″N 3°13′0″W / 55.95°N 3.216667°W / 55.95; -3.216667 (Old and New Towns of Edinburgh)
Cultural:UniEdiSco
(ii), (iv)
1995 Edinburgh has two distinct areas. The Old Town is dominated by a medieval fortress. The New Town development from the 18th century onwards had a big influence on European urban planning.[35]
Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof Several early modern or medieval townhouses. From right to left, a pale green house, a large red house filling most of the picture, and a white house. GermanyRegensburg,
 Germany
49°1′14″N 12°5′57″E / 49.02056°N 12.09917°E / 49.02056; 12.09917 (Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof)
Cultural:GerBavReg
(ii), (iii), (iv)
7002183000000000000183 (450)
Buffer zone: 776 (1,920)
2006 This medieval town has many notable buildings that go across almost two millennia and include ancient Roman, Romanesque and Gothic buildings. Regensburg was a center of the Holy Roman Empire which turned to Protestantism.[36]
Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn Rococo three and four story palace stretches across most of the midground. In the foreground are manacured lawns and walkways, while the background is the old city of Vienna with a cathedral on the horizon. AustriaVienna,
 Austria
48°11′12″N 16°18′48″E / 48.18667°N 16.31333°E / 48.18667; 16.31333 (Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn)
Cultural:AusVie
(i), (iv)
7002186000000000000186 (460)
Buffer zone: 261 (640)
1996 The home of the Habsburg emperors from the 18th century to 1918. It was built in the rococo style as a single, unified project. It was designed by the architects Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach and Nicolaus Pacassi. It was the site of the world's first zoo.[37]
Palace and Park of Fontainebleau A long three and four story ornate building with manicured lawns in front. FranceFontainebleau,
 France
48°24′7″N 2°41′53″E / 48.40194°N 2.69806°E / 48.40194; 2.69806 (Palace and Park of Fontainebleau)
Cultural:FraFon
(ii), (vi)
7002144000000000000144 (360) 1981 Used by the kings of France from the 12th century, the medieval royal hunting lodge of Fontainebleau was changed, enlarged and embellished in the 16th century by François I. He wanted to make a 'New Rome' of it.[38]
Palace and Park of Versailles A courtyard with two wings of the ornate, two story brick and stone palace coming from the right and left with the third side of the palace in the center. FranceVersailles,
 France
48°48′18″N 2°7′10″E / 48.805°N 2.11944°E / 48.805; 2.11944 (Palace and Park of Versailles)
Cultural:FraVer
(i), (ii), (vi)
70031070000000000001,070 (2,600)
Buffer zone: 9,467 (23,390)
1979 The Palace of Versailles was the main home of the French kings from the time of Louis XIV to Louis XVI.[39]
Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin Single story pale yellow ornate palace stretching from the left foreground to the right background. GermanyBerlin, Potsdam,
 Germany
52°23′59″N 13°1′59″E / 52.39972°N 13.03306°E / 52.39972; 13.03306 (Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin)
Cultural:GerBer4
(i), (ii), (iv)
70032064000000000002,064 (5,100) 1990 This site has 500 ha (1,200 acres) of parks and 150 buildings constructed between 1730 and 1916. Voltaire stayed at the Sans-Souci Palace, built under Frederick II between 1745 and 1747.[40]
Paris, Banks of the Seine The Seine River flows around an island with a gray stone gothic cathedral rising above the island. FranceParis,
 France
48°51′30″N 2°17′39″E / 48.85833°N 2.29417°E / 48.85833; 2.29417 (Paris, Banks of the Seine)
Cultural:FraPar
(i), (ii), (iv)
7002365000000000000365 (900) 1991 The river Seine runs through the heart of Paris. The banks of the river are lined with many of Paris' most famous buildings including the Louvre, the Eiffel Tower, the Place de la Concorde, the Cathedral of Notre-Dame, the Sainte Chapelle and the Grand and Petit Palais.[41]
Pilgrimage Church of Wies Ornate church interior, looking toward the entrance. The interior is white, the doors flanked by two pairs of columns which stretch to the richly painted ceiling. Above the entrance is the church's pipe organ. GermanySteingaden,
 Germany
47°40′52.6″N 10°54′0.5″E / 47.681278°N 10.900139°E / 47.681278; 10.900139 (Pilgrimage Church of Wies)
Cultural:GerSte
(i), (iii)
69991000000000000000.1 (0.25) 1983 The Church of Wies (1745–54) is a masterpiece of the Bavarian Rococo art.[42]
Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance in Nancy Ornate stone buildings with one two story building from the left, foreground to the left midground. A two story building covers the background. FranceNancy,
 France
48°41′37″N 6°10′59″E / 48.69361°N 6.18306°E / 48.69361; 6.18306 (Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance in Nancy)
Cultural:FraNan
(i), (iv)
1983 Nancy is the oldest example of a capital city built as a unified whole and on modern principles. It was built between 1752 and 1756 by the architect Héré.[43]
Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex Library with dark wood bookcases and scattered stone busts. BelgiumAntwerp,
 Belgium
51°13′5.988″N 4°23′52.008″E / 51.21833°N 4.39778°E / 51.21833; 4.39778 (Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex)
Cultural:BelAnt
(ii), (iii),
(iv), (vi)
2005 The Plantin-Moretus Museum is a printing plant and publishing house dating from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. It is named after the greatest printer-publisher of the later 16th century: Christophe Plantin. There is a large collection of old printing equipment, an extensive library, archives and works of art, among them a painting by Rubens.[44]
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal Looking up toward a metal aqueduct, supported by multiple tall, stone pillars and arches. United KingdomWrexham, Wales,
 United Kingdom
52°58′13″N 3°5′16″W / 52.97028°N 3.08778°W / 52.97028; -3.08778 (Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal)
Cultural:UniWreWal
(i), (ii), (iv)
7002105000000000000105 (260)
Buffer zone: 4,145 (10,240)
2009 In north-eastern Wales, the 18 kilometres (11 mi) long Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal is a feat of civil engineering of the Industrial Revolution. The aqueduct was built in a rugged, hilly countryside without any locks. The geography required a number of engineering and construction innovations, which were used in other projects around the world. The use of both cast and wrought iron in the aqueduct allowed the construction of arches that were light and strong.[45]
Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct) A stone aqueduct consisting of three levels with many arches crosses a river. FranceVers-Pont-du-Gard,
 France
43°56′50″N 4°32′7″E / 43.94722°N 4.53528°E / 43.94722; 4.53528 (Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct))
Cultural:FraVer
(i), (iii), (iv)
69993300000000000000.33 (0.82)
Buffer zone: 691 (1,710)
1985 The Pont du Gard was built shortly before the Christian era in Rome. It was to allow the aqueduct of Nîmes (which is almost 50 km (31 mi) long) to cross the Gard river. The Roman architects and hydraulic engineers who designed this bridge created a technical as well as an artistic masterpiece.[46]
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps Reconstruction of a pile house at the Pfahlbau Museum Unteruhldingen on Lake Constance in Germany Austria Austria*,
 France*,
 Germany*,
 Italy*,
 Slovenia*,
 Switzerland*
47°16′42″N 8°12′27″E / 47.27833°N 8.2075°E / 47.27833; 8.2075 (Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps)
Cultural:Swi
(iv), (v)
70033961000000000003,961 (9,790) 2011 There are 111 small sites with the remains of prehistoric pile-dwelling stilt houses in and around the Alps.[47]
Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley Cave painting of a dun horse. FranceLascaux,
 France
45°3′27″N 1°10′12″E / 45.0575°N 1.17°E / 45.0575; 1.17 (Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley)
Cultural:FraLas
(i), (iii)
1979 The Vézère valley has 147 prehistoric sites dating from the Palaeolithic and 25 decorated caves. The discovery of Lascaux Cave in 1940 was of great importance. The hunting scenes show about 100 animal figures with remarkable color and detail.[48]
Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany A thickly wooded green forest with a stream bed running through it on the left hand side Germany Germany*,
 Slovakia*,
 Ukraine*
49°5′10″N 22°32′10″E / 49.08611°N 22.53611°E / 49.08611; 22.53611 (Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany)
Natural:Ger1
(ix)
700433670000000000033,670 (83,200)
Buffer: 62,403 (154,200)
2007 Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathian are used to study the spread of the beech tree (Fagus sylvatica) in the Northern Hemisphere. The addition of the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany in 2011 included five forests of Slovakian and Ukranian beech forests.[49]
Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs A grey stone castle rises above a stone retaining wall. The central, octagonal tower is flanked by two round towers. FranceProvins,
 France
48°33′35″N 3°17′56″E / 48.55972°N 3.29889°E / 48.55972; 3.29889 (Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs)
Cultural:FraPro
(ii), (iv)
7002108000000000000108 (270)
Buffer zone: 1,365 (3,370)
2001 The fortified medieval town of Provins is in the former territory of the powerful Counts of Champagne. It was a center of international trading fairs and the wool industry.[50]
Pyrénées – Mont Perdu Monte Perdido (left) and Cilindro de Marboré (right) FranceHautes-Pyrénées and
Province of Huesca,
 France*
 Spain*
42°41′7.512″N 0°0′1.8″E / 42.68542°N 0.0005°E / 42.68542; 0.0005 (Pyrénées - Mont Perdu)
Mixed:FraHau
(iii), (iv), (v),
(vii), (viii)
700430639000000000030,639 (75,710) 1997 This mountain landscape, which crosses the French and Spanish borders, is centred round the peak of Mount Perdu. The site includes two of Europe's largest and deepest canyons and three major cirque valleys.[51]
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes The Glacier Express train in the Albula Valley. SwitzerlandGraubünden and Tirano,
 Italy*
 Switzerland*
46°29′54″N 9°50′47″E / 46.49833°N 9.84639°E / 46.49833; 9.84639 (Rhaetian Railway)
Cultural:SwiGra
(ii) (iv)
7005109386000000000109,386 (270,300) 2008 This brings together two historic railway lines that cross the Swiss Alps through two passes. The railways provided a rapid and easy route into many formerly isolated alpine settlements.[52]
Rietveld Schröder House Modern house of white and grey flat, angular concrete surfaces. The modern house is attached to several older, traditional houses. NetherlandsUtrecht,
 Netherlands
52°5′7″N 5°8′50″E / 52.08528°N 5.14722°E / 52.08528; 5.14722 (Rietveld Schröder House)
Cultural:NetUtr
(i), (ii)
2000 The Rietveld Schröder House in Utrecht was built in 1924. It is an example of the De Stijl group of artists and architects from the 1920s, a modernist movement in architecture.[53]
Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier Ruins of brick bath house, only one wall and about a dozen arches are still visible GermanyTrier,
 Germany
49°45′0″N 6°37′59″E / 49.75°N 6.63306°E / 49.75; 6.63306 (Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier)
Cultural:GerTri
(i)(iii),
(iv), (vi)
1986 The Roman colony at Trier was founded in the 1st century AD. It grew into a major town and became one of the capitals of the Tetrarchy at the end of the 3rd century. Many of the Roman era structures are still standing in Trier.[54]
Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the Triumphal Arch of Orange A mostly intact Roman amphitheater with a large wall behind the stage. FranceOrange,
 France
44°8′8.6″N 4°48′30.3″E / 44.135722°N 4.808417°E / 44.135722; 4.808417 (Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the "Triumphal Arch" of Orange)
Cultural:FraOra
(iii), (vi)
70009449999999999999.45 (23.4)
Buffer zone: 232 (570)
1981 The Roman theatre of Orange is well preserved. The theatre has an intact 103 m (338 ft) facade. The Roman arch was built between A.D. 10 and 25 as a triumphal arch during the reign of Augustus.[55]
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France A cathedral in white stone. The west façade has a single entrance with a monumental rose window above it. The entrance and rose window are flanked on each side by a gothic bell tower and spire. France France
45°11′2.6″N 0°43′22.6″E / 45.184056°N 0.722944°E / 45.184056; 0.722944 (Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France)
Cultural:Fra2
(ii), (iv), (vi)
1998 The site has a number of churches and hospitals that are places on the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in western Spain.[56]
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew A large greenhouse with rounded ends and sides sits in the middle of groomed grass and flower beds. United KingdomLondon,
 United Kingdom
51°28′55″N 0°17′38.5″E / 51.48194°N 0.294028°E / 51.48194; 0.294028 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew)
Cultural:UniLon2
(ii), (iii), (iv)
7002132000000000000132 (330)
Buffer zone: 350 (860)
2003 The gardens were built between the 18th to the 20th centuries. The gardens house botanic collections that have been built up over centuries.[57]
Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans A large neo-classical white stone building, the triangular pediment is supported by six rough pillars. FranceArc-et-Senans,
Salins-les-Bains,
 France
46°56′15″N 5°52′35″E / 46.9375°N 5.87639°E / 46.9375; 5.87639 (Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans)
Cultural:FraArc
(i), (ii), (iv)
1982 This site has two open pan saltworks.[58]
Saltaire A three story pale red brick building along the left side of a small river. The building has a bell tower rising out of the middle of it. United Kingdom City of Bradford,
 United Kingdom
53°50′21″N 1°47′18″W / 53.83917°N 1.78833°W / 53.83917; -1.78833 (Saltaire)
Cultural:UniC
(ii), (iv)
700120000000000000020 (49)
Buffer zone: 1,078 (2,660)
2001 Saltaire, West Yorkshire, is a complete and well-preserved Victorian model industrial village from the second half of the 19th century.[59]
Schokland and Surroundings About 10 small buildings of dark wood with steeply peaked red roofs. In the center is a larger building with a grey roof and a small clock tower. NetherlandsNoordoostpolder,
 Netherlands
52°38′19″N 5°46′18″E / 52.63861°N 5.77167°E / 52.63861; 5.77167 (Schokland and Surroundings)
Cultural:NetNoo
(iii), (v)
70031306000000000001,306 (3,230) 1995 Schokland was a peninsula on the Zuider Zee which became an island by the 15th century. When the waters rose, it was left. However after the draining of the Zuider Zee in the 1940s, people came back to live there.[60]
Semmering railway A photochorm picture of the a curving railroad bridge coming out of a tunnel bored into a large mountain.  In the background another bridge and mountains are visible. AustriaGloggnitz,
Simmering in Styria,
 Austria
47°38′55.6″N 15°49′40.7″E / 47.648778°N 15.827972°E / 47.648778; 15.827972 (Semmering railway)
Cultural:AusGlo
(ii), (iv)
7002156000000000000156 (390)
Buffer zone: 8,581 (21,200)
1998 The Semmering Railway, was built between 1848 and 1854. It covers 41 km (25 mi) of rugged mountains. The tunnels, viaducts and other works are still in use today.[61]
Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht An aerial view of a cramped city, clearly spaced by hexagonal bodies of water. NetherlandsAmsterdam,
 Netherlands
52°21′54″N 4°53′16″E / 52.365°N 4.88778°E / 52.365; 4.88778 (Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht)
Cultural:NetAmsSev
(i), (ii), (iv)
7002198000000000000198 (490) 2010
Skellig Michael Three beehive shaped dry-stone huts surround a worn statue or cross IrelandCounty Kerry,
 Ireland
51°46′18.984″N 10°32′18.996″W / 51.77194°N 10.53861°W / 51.77194; -10.53861 (Skellig Michael)
Cultural:IreCou
(iii), (iv)
700122000000000000022 (54) 1996 The monastery at Skellig Michael, from the 7th century, is on the rocky island of Skellig Michael, some 12 km (7.5 mi) off the coast of south-west Ireland.[62]
Speyer Cathedral Looking toward the choir of a brick Romanesque cathedral. The twin bell towers, the transept crossing dome, and the roof are green copper. GermanySpeyer,
 Germany
49°19′0″N 8°26′35″E / 49.316667°N 8.44306°E / 49.316667; 8.44306 (Speyer Cathedral)
Cultural:GerSpe
(ii)
1981 The romanesque Speyer Cathedral, was founded by Conrad II in 1030.It was one of the grandest romanesque cathedrals in the Holy Roman Empire and the burial place of German emperors for almost 300 years.[63]
St Kilda A rocky bay with stone ruins in the foreground. The ocean enters the picture from the left and across the bay several rocky crags are visible sticking out the sea. United KingdomSt Kilda, Scotland,
 United Kingdom
57°49′2″N 8°34′36″W / 57.81722°N 8.57667°W / 57.81722; -8.57667 (St Kilda)
Mixed:UniStkSco
(iii), (v), (vii),
(ix), (x)
700424201000000000024,201 (59,800) 1986 This volcanic archipelago, off the coast of the Hebrides, has some of the highest cliffs in Europe, with large colonies of rare and endangered birds and the craggy landscape. There is evidence of over 2,000 years of human settlements despite the harsh landscape and climate.[64]
St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim A romanesque stone cathedral, view of the side chapels and transept. The green copper dome over the transept crossing is visible. GermanyHildesheim,
 Germany
52°9′10.008″N 9°56′38.004″E / 52.15278°N 9.94389°E / 52.15278; 9.94389 (St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim)
Cultural:GerHil
(i), (ii), (iii)
69995800000000000000.58 (1.4)
Buffer zone: 158 (390)
1985 The site has two churches in Hildesheim. The Ottonian romanesque St Michael's Church was built between 1010 and 1020. The treasures of the romanesque St Mary's Cathedral make up the rest of the site.[65]
Stoclet House BelgiumBrussels,
 Belgium
50°50′6″N 4°24′58″E / 50.835°N 4.41611°E / 50.835; 4.41611 (Stoclet House)
Cultural:BelBru3
(i), (ii)
69998600000000000000.86 (2.1)
Buffer zone: 25 (62)
2009 This house was built by Josef Hoffmann for the banker Adolphe Stoclet. The angular undecorated design marked a turning point in Art Nouveau movement. The house is decorated with works by Koloman Moser and Gustav Klimt.[66]
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites A ring of standing stones some with lintels stands in the middle of a green field United KingdomWiltshire,
 United Kingdom
51°10′44″N 1°49′31″W / 51.17889°N 1.82528°W / 51.17889; -1.82528 (Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites)
Cultural:UniWil
(i), (ii), (iii)
70034985000000000004,985 (12,320) 1986 This site has two of the most famous megalith sites in the world, Stonehenge and Avebury. Both are an arrangement of standing stones (menhirs) arranged in a pattern. It also includes several other nearby Neolithic sites.[67]
Strasbourg – Grande île A pair of rectangular medieval stone towers guard both banks of a river and the stone bridge that stretches between them. FranceStrasbourg,
 France
48°34′53″N 7°43′48″E / 48.58139°N 7.73°E / 48.58139; 7.73 (Strasbourg – Grande île)
Cultural:FraStr
(i), (ii), (iv)
700194000000000000094 (230) 1988 The Grande Ile (Big Island) is the historic center of the Alsatian capital and includes a number of historic buildings.[68]
Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey The ruins of a large abbey and church. The walls are mostly intact, though the roof has fallen in and been removed. United KingdomNorth Yorkshire,
 United Kingdom
54°6′58″N 1°34′23″W / 54.11611°N 1.57306°W / 54.11611; -1.57306 (Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey)
Cultural:UniNor
(i), (iv)
1986 This site has the ruins of the Cistercian Fountains Abbey and Fountains Hall Castle along with Studley Royal Park.[69]
Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch A range of tall, snowy mountains. Switzerland Cantons of Bern and Valais,
 Switzerland
46°30′0″N 8°1′59″E / 46.5°N 8.03306°E / 46.5; 8.03306 (Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch)
Natural:SwiBer2
(vii), (viii), (ix)
700482400000000000082,400 (204,000) 2007 The site includes several of the highest mountains in the Central Alps along with the largest glacier in Eurasia.[70]
Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona Martinsloch (Martins hole) is visible in the center of the Tschingelhörner in the Glarus Alps Switzerland Glarus,
St. Gallen
and Graubünden
,
 Switzerland
46°55′0″N 9°15′0″E / 46.916667°N 9.25°E / 46.916667; 9.25 (Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona)
Natural:SwiCanGla
(viii)
700432850000000000032,850 (81,200) 2008 The Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona in the north-eastern part of the country covers a mountainous area which has seven peaks that rise above 3,000 m (9,800 ft). The site has been a key site for the geological sciences since the 18th century.[71]
Three Castles of Bellinzona Montebello and Sasso Corbaro castles above Bellinzona SwitzerlandBellinzona,
 Switzerland
46°11′35.304″N 9°1′20.712″E / 46.19314°N 9.02242°E / 46.19314; 9.02242 (Three Castles of Bellinzona)
Cultural:SwiCanTic
(iv)
2000 The Bellinzona site has a group of fortifications grouped around the castle of Castelgrande. The castle stands on a rocky peak looking out over the entire Ticino valley.[72]
Tower of London A stone castle with four towers rises above a gatehouse and other walls. United KingdomLondon,
 United Kingdom
51°30′29″N 0°4′34″E / 51.50806°N 0.07611°E / 51.50806; 0.07611 (Tower of London)
Cultural:UniLon3
(ii), (iv)
1988 The original tower was the White Tower built by William the Conqueror in 1078 to control the recently conquerored land. The Tower of London served partly as a prison, and many important figures were held there.[73]
Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen A dark stone gothic building in a paved town square. GermanyBremen,
 Germany
53°4′33.5″N 8°48′26.9″E / 53.075972°N 8.807472°E / 53.075972; 8.807472 (Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen)
Cultural:GerBre
(iii), (iv), (vi)
69992900000000000000.29 (0.72)
Buffer zone: 36,295 (89,690)
2004 Under the Holy Roman Empire, Bremen had extensive freedom to let the town to grow; this made the town hall a center of power. Both the old and new Town Halls survived bombings during World War II. The statue of Roland was built in 1404.[74]
Town of Bamberg A stone cathedral with two towers on the west façade and two towers flanking the choir, all four towers are topped with slender, pointed metal roofs. GermanyBamberg,
 Germany
49°53′30″N 10°53′20″E / 49.89167°N 10.88889°E / 49.89167; 10.88889 (Town of Bamberg)
Cultural:GerBam
(ii)(iv)
7002142000000000000142 (350)
Buffer zone: 444 (1,100)
1993 In 1007, Bamberg became the center of a dioesce that was to help spread Christianity to the Slavs. In the 18th century it became a center of the Enlightenment when writers such as Hegel lived in the town.[75]
Upper Middle Rhine Valley A river winds between high cliffs and hills, with a castle in the midground. GermanyRhineland-Palatinate,
Hesse,
 Germany
50°10′25″N 7°41′39″E / 50.17361°N 7.69417°E / 50.17361; 7.69417 (Upper Middle Rhine Valley)
Cultural:GerRhi
(ii), (iv), (v)
700427250000000000027,250 (67,300)
Buffer zone: 34,680 (85,700)
2002 The Gorge is a 65 km (40 mi) part of the Middle Rhine Valley in Germany. The region has many castles, historic towns and vineyards and has been an inspirition for many writers, artists and composers.[76]
Vézelay, Church and Hill A grey stone church with a tower on the right side of the building. FranceVézelay,
 France
47°27′59″N 3°44′54″E / 47.46639°N 3.74833°E / 47.46639; 3.74833 (Vézelay, Church and Hill)
Cultural:FraVez
(i), (vi)
7002183000000000000183 (450)
Buffer zone: 18,401 (45,470)
1979 The Benedictine abbey of Vézelay has existed since the 9th century and has been an important pilgrimage site since that time. Leaders in the Third Crusade Richard the Lion-Hearted and Philip II of France met at the abbey before they left on the Crusade.[77]
Völklingen Ironworks View from a train of numerous smoke stacks, tanks and pipes. GermanyVölklingen,
 Germany
49°14′39.984″N 6°50′59″E / 49.24444°N 6.84972°E / 49.24444; 6.84972 (Völklingen Ironworks)
Cultural:GerVöl
(ii), (iv)
1994 The recently closed ironworks are the only example in western Europe and North America of an intact ironworks built in the 19th and 20th centuries.[78]
Wachau Cultural Landscape A large oranate church with an enclosed forecourt.  The west façade is topped by two towers and the transept crossing is topped by a large round tower.  The entire building is decorated with horizontal white and yellow bands. AustriaWachau,
 Austria
48°21′52″N 15°26′3″E / 48.36444°N 15.43417°E / 48.36444; 15.43417 (Wachau Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:AusWac
(ii), (iv)
700418387000000000018,387 (45,440) 2000 The Wachau is a 40 km (25 mi) long valley along the Danube river between Melk and Krems. The valley was settled in prehistoric times and is home to a number of historic towns, villages, monasteries, castles and ruins.[79]
The Wadden Sea A map showing the coast of the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. The land is green, the Wadden Sea is dark blue and the ocean is light blue. Germany Germany*,
 Netherlands*
53°31′43″N 8°33′22″E / 53.52861°N 8.55611°E / 53.52861; 8.55611 (The Wadden Sea)
Natural:Ger2
(viii), (ix), (x)
7005968393000000000968,393 (2,392,950) 2009 The Wadden Sea has the Dutch Wadden Sea Conservation Area and the German Wadden Sea National Parks of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein. The coast line is generally flat and has may mudflats, marshes, dunes and birds. It is a breeding ground for up to 12 millions birds annually.[80]
Wartburg Castle A castle perched along the edge of a wooded hill. The castle has grown in several stages and consists of sections in dark stone, lighter stone, white plaster and half-timber. GermanyEisenach,
 Germany
50°58′0.4″N 10°18′25.2″E / 50.966778°N 10.307°E / 50.966778; 10.307 (Wartburg Castle)
Cultural:GerEis
(iii), (vi)
1999 Wartburg Castle is on a 410 m (1230 ft) cliff above Eisenach. Martin Luther translated the New Testament into German while in exile at Wartburg.[81]
Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church Neo-gothic Westminister palace and Big Ben clock tower stand above a river and bridge. United KingdomLondon,
 United Kingdom
51°29′59″N 0°7′43″E / 51.49972°N 0.12861°E / 51.49972; 0.12861 (Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church)
Cultural:UniLon4
(i), (ii), (iv)
700110000000000000010 (25) 1987 Westminster Palace and Westminster Abbey are important for the British royalty and government. Royalty have been crowned at the Abbey since the 11th century. The site also includes the small medieval Church of Saint Margaret.[82]
Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square An ornate building on the left side of the picture. In the midground the center of the building projects out, with columns surrounding the main entrance. The right side of the picture is covered in gardens. GermanyWürzburg,
 Germany
49°47′34.008″N 9°56′20.004″E / 49.79278°N 9.93889°E / 49.79278; 9.93889 (Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square)
Cultural:GerWür
(i), (iv)
700115000000000000015 (37)
Buffer zone: 25 (62)
1981 The large and ornate Baroque palace was made under the patronage of the prince-bishops Lothar Franz and Friedrich Carl von Schönborn. It is one of the largest palaces in Germany.[83]
Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex A orange metal tower with several flywheels above a building with Zollverein written in golden gothic script letters. GermanyEssen,
 Germany
51°29′29″N 7°2′46″E / 51.49139°N 7.04611°E / 51.49139; 7.04611 (Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen)
Cultural:GerEss
(ii), (iii)
2001 The Zollverein industrial complex in Nordrhein-Westfalen has all the equipment of a historic coal mine which started working about 150 years ago.[84]

Other pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

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  32. "New Lanark". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/429. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
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  34. "Old City of Berne". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/267. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  35. "Old and New Towns of Edinburgh". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/728. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  36. "Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1155. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  37. "Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/786. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
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  40. "Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/532. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  41. "Paris, Banks of the Seine". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/600. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  42. "Pilgrimage Church of Wies". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/271. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
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  44. "Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1185. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  45. "Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1303. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  46. "Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct)". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/344. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  47. "Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1363. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  48. "Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/85. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  49. "Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1133. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  50. "Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/873. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  51. "Pyrénées - Mont Perdu". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/773. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
  52. "Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1276. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  53. "Rietveld Schröder House". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/965. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  54. "Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/367. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  55. "Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the "Triumphal Arch" of Orange". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/163. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  56. "Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/868. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  57. "Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1084. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  58. "From the Great Saltworks of Salins-les-Bains to the Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, the Production of Open-pan Salt". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/203. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  59. "Saltaire". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1028. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  60. "Schokland and Surroundings". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/739. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  61. "Semmering railway". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/785. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  62. "Skellig Michael". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/757. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  63. "Speyer Cathedral". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/168. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  64. "St Kilda". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/387. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  65. "St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/187. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  66. "Stoclet House". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1298. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  67. "Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/373. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  68. "Strasbourg – Grande île". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/495. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  69. "Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/372. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  70. "Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1037. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  71. "Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1179. Retrieved 14 February.
  72. "Three Castles of Bellinzona". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/884. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
  73. "Tower of London". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/488. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  74. "Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1087. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  75. "Town of Bamberg". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/624. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  76. "Upper Middle Rhine Valley". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1066. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  77. "Vézelay, Church and Hill". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/84. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  78. "Völklingen Ironworks". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/687. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  79. "Wachau Cultural Landscape". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/970. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  80. "The Wadden Sea". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1314. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  81. "Wartburg Castle". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/897. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  82. "Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/426. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  83. "Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/169. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  84. "Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen". UNESCO. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/975. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
This article is about a World Heritage Site