List of World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom

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Stonehenge is part of the Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The List of World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom is a group of places chosen by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

There are 28 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom and overseas territories.[1] The UNESCO list has seventeen properties in England (the Frontiers of the Roman Empire is shared with Germany), four in Scotland, three in Wales, one in Northern Ireland, and one in each of the overseas territories of Bermuda, the Pitcairn Islands, and Saint Helena.

History[change | change source]

UNESCO was created for the "conservation and protection of the world’s inheritance of books, works of art and monuments of history and science". The constitution of UNESCO was ratified in 1946 by 26 countries, including the United Kingdom.[2]

The UK contributes £130,000 annually to the World Heritage Fund which finances the preservation of sites in developing countries.[3] Some locations have many sites that have a common geographical location or cultural history.

List[change | change source]

The World Heritage list has developed over time. It is part of a process; and the list continues to grow.

The United Kingdom National Commission for UNESCO advises the British government on policies dealing with UNESCO.[4] The British government is responsible for maintaining its World Heritage Sites.

The first sites in the UK to be added to the World Heritage List, in 1986, were:

The latest site to be added was Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal in 2009.[5]

There are 10 criteria for a site to be able to be added to the list. World Heritage Site selection criteria i–iv are culturally based. selection criteria vii–x are natural criteria.[6] Twenty-three properties are listed as "cultural". Four are listed as "natural". One is listed as "mixed", which means that the site is notable for both natural and cultural criteria.[1] This is similar to the proportions of all World Heritage Sites. Of the 890 sites on the World Heritage List, 77.4% are cultural, 19.8% are natural, and 2.8% are mixed.[7] St Kilda is the only mixed World Heritage Site in the UK. At first, it was added to the list because of its natural habitats.[8] In 2005, the crofting community that once was part of the archipelago was added to the site.[9] The natural sites are the Dorset and East Devon Coast, Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast, Gough and Inaccessible Islands and Henderson Island. The rest are cultural.[1]

As of 2012, there are 28 places in the United Kingdom which are on the World Heritage List.[1]

There are 13 sites which are on a tentative list.[1]

Table[change | change source]

Name Image Location Notes
Blaenavon Industrial Landscape[10] Big Pit Mining Museum.jpg Blaenavon, Wales cultural site
Blenheim Palace[11] Blenheim Palace 2006 cropped.jpg Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England cultural site
Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church[12] Canterbury Cathedral - Portal Nave Cross-spire.jpeg Canterbury, Kent, England cultural site
Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd Beaumaris, circular towers and moat, 2006.jpg Conwy, Isle of Anglesey and Gwynedd, Wales[13] cultural site
City of Bath[14] Royal.crescent.aerial.bath.arp.jpg Bath, Somerset, England cultural site
Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape Crowns peh.jpg Cornwall and Devon, England[15] cultural site
Derwent Valley Mills[16] Arkwright Masson Mills.jpg Derbyshire, England cultural site
Dorset and East Devon Coast[17] Gad cliff dorset.jpg Dorset and Devon, England natural site — also called Jurassic Coast
Durham Castle and Cathedral Durham Cathedral and Castle.jpg Durham, County Durham, England[18] cultural site
Frontiers of the Roman Empire[19] Hadrianswall2007.jpg Hadrian's Wall, northern England and Antonine Wall, southern Scotland cultural site—scattered limes in the UK and in Germany
Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast Causeway-code poet-4.jpg County Antrim, Northern Ireland[20] natural site
Gough and Inaccessible Island Gough island top view.png Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Atlantic Ocean[21]
Heart of Neolithic Orkney Orkney Skara Brae.jpg Orkney, Scotland[22] cultural site
Henderson Island HendersonISS004-E-6793.PNG Henderson Island, Pitcairn Islands, Pacific Ocean[23]
Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda John Smith 1624 map of Bermuda with Forts 01.jpg St George, Bermuda[24] cultural site
Ironbridge Gorge[25] Ironbridge002.JPG Shropshire, England cultural site
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City Albert dock at night.jpg Liverpool, Merseyside, England[26] cultural site
Maritime Greenwich[27] Royal Naval College 2008.jpg Greenwich, London cultural site
New Lanark[28] New Lanark buildings 2009.jpg New Lanark, South Lanarkshire, Scotland cultural site
Old and New Towns of Edinburgh[29] Looking down Royal Mile, Edinburgh.jpg Edinburgh, Scotland cultural site
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal WalesC0047.jpg Wrexham, Wales and Shropshire, England[30] cultural site
Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew[31] Kew Gardens Palm House, London - July 2009.jpg Kew, Greater London, England cultural site
St Kilda[32] St Kilda Village Bay.jpg St Kilda, Scotland mixed site
Saltaire[33] Saltaire from Leeds and Liverpool Canal.jpg Saltaire, Bradford, West Yorkshire, England cultural site
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites[34] Stonehenge back wide.jpg Wiltshire, England cultural site — Stonehenge, Avebury
Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey Fountains Abbey view02 2005-08-27.jpg North Yorkshire, England[35] cultural site
Tower of London[36] Tower of London, Traitors Gate.jpg Tower Hamlets, London cultural site
Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church[37] Palace of Westminster.jpg Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey, London cultural site

Tentative list[change | change source]

The "Tentative List" is an list of important heritage and natural sites that a country is considering adding to the World Heritage List. The Tentative List can be updated at any time. Being on the list is needed for a site to be considered to be added within a five to ten year period.[38]

There are 13 sites on the tentative list.[1]

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/gb, retrieved 2012-04-18
  2. "UNESCO Constitution"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  3. Funding, Department for Culture, Media and Sport, http://www.culture.gov.uk/ukwhportal/funding.htm, retrieved 2009-08-17
  4. About us, The United Kingdom National Commission for UNESCO, http://www.unesco.org.uk/About_Us.htm, retrieved 2009-08-17
  5. Aqueduct crowned world 'wonder', BBC Online, 2009-06-27, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/north_east/8115190.stm, retrieved 2009-08-17
  6. The Criteria for Selection, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/criteria/, retrieved 2009-07-27
  7. World Heritage List, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list, retrieved 2009-07-27
  8. New publication spotlights St Kilda, Scottish Natural Heritage, 2004-12-09, http://www.snh.org.uk/nnr-scotland/news_detail.asp?newsID=12, retrieved 2009-08-16
  9. Dual World Heritage Status For Unique Scottish Islands, National Trust for Scotland, 2005-07-14, http://www.kilda.org.uk/frame26.htm, retrieved 2009-08-16
  10. UNESCO, "Blaenavon Industrial Landscape"; retrieved 2012-4-20
  11. UNESCO, "Blenheim Palace"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  12. UNESCO, "Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  13. Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/374, retrieved 2009-08-12
  14. UNESCO, "City of Bath"; retrieved 2012-4-19.
  15. Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/488, retrieved 2009-08-12
  16. UNESCO, "Derwent Valley Mills"; retrieved 2012-4-23.
  17. UNESCO, "Dorset and East Devon Coast"; retrieved 2012-4-23.
  18. Durham Castle and Cathedral, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/370, retrieved 2009-07-27
  19. UNESCO, "Frontiers of the Roman Empire"; retrieved 2012-4-25.
  20. Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/369, retrieved 2009-07-28
  21. Gough and Inaccessible Island, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/740, retrieved 2009-08-12
  22. Heart of Neolithic Orkney, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/514, retrieved 2009-07-28
  23. Henderson Island, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/487, retrieved 2009-07-28
  24. Historic Town of St George and Related Fortifications, Bermuda, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/983, retrieved 2009-08-02
  25. UNESCO, "Ironbridge Gorge"; retrieved 2012-4-24.
  26. Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1150, retrieved 2009-07-29
  27. UNESCO, "Maritime Greenwich"; retrieved 2012-4-25.
  28. UNESCO, "New Lanark"; retrieved 2012-4-21.
  29. UNESCO, "Old and New Towns of Edinburgh"; retrieved 2012-4-21.
  30. Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1303, retrieved 2009-08-12
  31. UNESCO, "Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  32. UNESCO, "St Kilda"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  33. UNESCO, "Saltaire"; retrieved 2012-4-21.
  34. UNESCO, "Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  35. Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/372, retrieved 2009-07-29
  36. UNESCO, "Tower of London"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  37. UNESCO, "Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church"; retrieved 2012-4-21.
  38. Glossary, UNESCO, http://whc.unesco.org/en/glossary/, retrieved 2010-01-01
  39. UNESCO, "Chatham Dockyard and its Defences"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  40. UNESCO, "Creswell Crags"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  41. UNESCO, "Darwin’s Landscape Laboratory"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  42. UNESCO, "Flow Country"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  43. UNESCO, "Forth Bridge"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  44. UNESCO, "Gorham’s Cave Complex"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  45. UNESCO, "Island of St Helena"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  46. UNESCO, "Jodrell Bank Observatory"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  47. UNESCO, "England's Lake District"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  48. UNESCO, "The Twin Monastery of Wearmouth Jarrow"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  49. UNESCO, "Mousa, Old Scatness and Jarlshof: The Crucible of Iron Age Shetland"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  50. UNESCO, "Slate Industry of North Wales"; retrieved 2012-4-18.
  51. UNESCO, "Turks and Caicos Islands"; retrieved 2012-4-18.

Further reading[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom at Wikimedia Commons