List of counties in Hawaii
The five counties of Hawaii on the Hawaiian Islands enjoy somewhat greater status than many counties on the United States mainland. Counties in Hawaii are the only legally constituted government bodies below that of the state. No formal level of government (such as city governments) exists below that of the county in Hawaii. Public education is by the Hawaii State Department of Education. Hawaii does not give educational responsibility to local school boards like the other 49 states),. Hawaiian counties collect property taxes and user fees in order to support road maintenance, community activities, parks, garbage collection, police (the state police force, called the Hawaii Department of Public Safety, is limited in scope), ambulance, and fire suppression services. All the counties were formed in 1905 from unorganized territory, seven years after the Territory of Hawaii was formed. The county of Kalawao is used only as a leper colony, and does not have many of the elected officials the other counties do.
County information[change | edit source]
The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify counties, is provided with each entry. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.
||Meaning of name
|Hawaii County||001||Hilo||May 10, 1905||Island of Hawai'i, with which the county is coterminous; said to be named for Hawaiʻiloa, a legendary Polynesian navigator. Island: Hawaii.||185,079||
4,028 sq mi|
( 10,432 km²)
|Maui County||009||Wailuku||July 1, 1905||Maui Island, the largest of the islands in the county; named for Māui, a demigod from native mythology. Islands: Maui, Kahoolawe, Lānaʻi, Molokai (except for a portion of Molokai that comprises Kalawao County), and Molokini.||154,834||
1,120 sq mi|
( 2,901 km²)
|Kalawao County||005||Kalaupapa||November 10, 1905||The village of Kalawao on the island of Molokaʻi, which lies within its boundaries.||90||
52 sq mi|
( 135 km²)
|Honolulu County||003||Honolulu||April 30, 1907||"Sheltered bay" or "place of shelter" in Hawaiian language, Named after Honolulu, the capital and largest city in Hawaii. Island: Oahu.||953,207||
597 sq mi|
( 1,546 km²)
|Kauai County||007||Līhu'e||July 1, 1905||Kauai Island, the largest of the islands in the county; named possibly derived from Kaua'i, the eldest son of Hawaiʻiloa. Islands: Kauaʻi, Niʻihau, Lehua, and Kaʻula.||67,091||
622 sq mi|
( 1,611 km²)
References[change | edit source]
- Hawaii State Department of Education. "Hawai'i DOE, About". http://doe.k12.hi.us/about/index.htm. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Hawaii State: Facts & Figures - Des Osman Realty". http://osman1.com/hi-facts.html. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- Office of the County Clerk. "Foreword" (PDF). 2000 County Charter of the County of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2007-07-03. http://web.archive.org/web/20070703012729/http://www.hawaii-county.com/council/charter2000/item+1-Foreword.pdf. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Hawaii's 4 (or 5) Counties". 1999-09-01. http://www.chem.hawaii.edu/uham/counties.html. Retrieved 2007-07-23.
- "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA. http://www.epa.gov/enviro/html/codes/hi.html. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
- National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/state.cfm&state.cfm&statecode=HI. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
- "Hawaii QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". State & County QuickFacts. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/maps/hawaii_map.html. Retrieved 2007-04-18.
- "Honolulu Homes Guide". 2005. http://www.honoluluhomesguide.com/. Retrieved 2007-07-23.