Lojban

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Lojban
la .lojban.
Lojban logo.svg
Created by Logical Language Group
Date 1987
Setting and usage a logically engineered language for various usages
Purpose
Writing system Latin and others
Sources Loglan
Language codes
ISO 639-2 jbo
ISO 639-3 jbo

Lojban is a made up (invented) language that some people speak. It is an unusual language because there is no country where everyone speaks Lojban. People from all countries learn and speak Lojban only if they want to. A person who speaks lojban is called a lojbanist. It was first made up by a man called James Cooke Brown in 1955, but the Lojban that people speak now is from a book written by a man called John Cowan in 1997.

Lojban is a language that was made after looking at how people speak. It works with how people think too, to try to make a language that makes it easy to understand what people say.

Lojban came from the language "Loglan", another invented language.

Goals[change | edit source]

The people who created Lojban wanted it to be simple and easy to learn, so it only has 1300 main words. To make more complex words, all you have to do is put main words together. If you speak Lojban correctly, there is no way for someone else to be confused by what you are saying. One of the problems with normal languages like English is that many words have different meanings. For instance, the English word "bat" can mean a baseball bat or a type of animal. In Lojban, each word only means one thing, so everyone understands.

Examples[change | edit source]

Here are some examples of words and sentences in Lojban:

Word Meaning
coi (sounds like shoy) Hello
coi rodo (sounds like shoy row-doe) Hello, everybody
mi'e ... (sounds like me-heh) My name is.. (see below)
co'o (sounds like show-hoe) Goodbye
pe'u (sounds like peh-who) Please
ki'e (sounds like key-heh) Thanks
go'i (sounds like go-hee) Yes (see below)
nago'i (sounds like nah-go-hee) No
mi na jimpe (sounds like me nah zheem-peh) I do not understand
xu do se jbobau (sounds like khoo doe seh zhboh-bow (bow rhymes with now) Do you speak Lojban?

mi'e is used when you are telling somebody your name. There is no country where everyone speaks Lojban, so nobody is born with a name in Lojban. But, some Lojbanists make up lojban names for themselves that they use. Because they know most other people do not speak lojban, they usually keep their real name as well, and only use their lojban name when speaking to other lojbanists. If someone is telling you their real name, they usually say mi'e la'oi (sounds like miheh lahoy) followed by the name.

go'i means "yes, I agree with you". Sometimes in English, the word 'yes' is used to mean other things. For example, you might say "Yes" (or "OK" or "uh-huh") to tell someone that you heard what they are saying. In Lojban you do not say go'i for this; instead you say je'e (sounds like zhehheh). This is part of the idea of lojban: to make words easier to understand by making sure that one word can only mean one thing.