Louis, Grand Dauphin
|Le Grand Dauphin|
|Louis by an unknown artist|
|Tenure||1 November 1661 - 14 April 1711|
|Spouse||Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria|
|Louis, Dauphin of France
Philip V of Spain
Charles, Duke of Berry
|Louis de France|
|House||House of Bourbon|
|Father||Louis XIV of France|
|Mother||Marie Therese of Austria|
|Born||1 November 1661
Château de Fontainebleau, France
|Died||14 April 1711
Château de Meudon, France
|Burial||28 April 1711
Royal Basilica of Saint Denis, France
Louis of France, Dauphin of France ( 1 November 1661, - 14 April 1711) was the eldest son and heir of Louis XIV, King of France and of his spouse, Marie Therese of Austria. He was known as le Grand Dauphin due to his large physical size. His wife was Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria. He never became king as he died before his father did.
Issue[change | edit source]
- Louis of France, Duke of Burgundy (16 August 1682 - 18 February 1712), Duke of Burgundy and later Dauphin of France; married second cousin Maria Adelaide of Savoy and had the future Louis XV of France;
- Philippe of France (19 December 1683 - 9 July 1746), Duke of Anjou, (later King of Spain); became King of Spain in 1700; married second cousin Maria Luisa of Savoy and had issue; married again Elisabeth of Parma and had issue such as the future Dauphine of France, Infanta Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain;
- Charles, Duke of Berry (31 July 1686 – 5 May 1714), Duke of Berry, Alençon and of Angoulême Count of Ponthieu; married his first cousin Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans and had issue but none survived over a year;
Thus, through Burgundy and Anjou, Louis ensured the continuation of the senior Bourbon line on the throne of France and the establishment of the cadet Spanish Bourbon dynasty respectively.
References[change | edit source]
- Achaintre, Nicolas Louis, Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de Bourbon, Vol. 2, (Publisher Mansut Fils, 4 Rue de l'École de Médecine, Paris, 1825), 479.
Further reading[change | edit source]
Lahaye, Matthieu, Louis, Dauphin de France. Fils de roi, père de roi, jamais roi, DEA directed by Joël Cornette, University of Paris VIII, 2005.
Lahaye, Matthieu, Louis Ier d'Espagne (1661-1700) : essai sur une virtualité politique, Revue historique, Numéro 647, PUF, Paris, Novembre 2008.