Mérida (state)

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Location within Venezuela

Estado Mérida (Spanish pronunciation: [esˈtaðo ˈmeɾiða]) is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. The state capital is Mérida. Mérida State covers a total surface area of 11,300 km² and, in 2007, had an estimated population of 843,800.[1][2]

Municipalities and municipal seats[change | change source]

The countryside in Mérida
Municipality Localization Seat Nombre de
parish
civiles
Parish name Population
(2001)
Alberto Adriani Albertoadriani-merida.PNG El Vigía
7
Rómulo Gallegos
Presidente Páez
Rómulo Betancourt
Gagriel Picón Gonzalez
Hector Amable Mora
José Nucete Sardi
Pulido Méndez
106,084
Andrés Bello Andresbello-merida.PNG La Azulita
1
Capital Andrés Bello 11,652
Antonio Pinto Salinas Antoniopintosalinas-merida.PNG Santa Cruz de Mora
3
Mesa de las Palmas
Mesa Bolívar
Santa Cruz de Mora
23,276
Aricagua Aricagua-merida.PNG Aricagua
2
Aricagua
San Antonio
4,383
Arzobispo Chacón Arzobispochacon-merida.PNG Canaguá
7
Canaguá
Mucutuy
Mucuchachí
Chacantá
El Molino
Capurí
Guaimaral
14,025
Campo Elías Campoelias-merida.PNG Ejido
7
Fernandez Peña
Matriz
Montalbán
Acequias
Jají
La Mesa
San José
82,397
Caracciolo Parra Olmedo Caraccioloparraolmedo-merida.PNG Tucaní
2
Capital Caracciolo Parra Olmedo
Florencio Ramírez
22,524
Cardenal Quintero Cardenalquintero-merida.PNG Santo Domingo
2
Capital Cardenal Quintero
Las Piedras
7,833
Guaraque Guaraque-merida.PNG Guaraque
3
Capital Guaraque
Mesa de Quintero
Río Negro
8,402
Julio César Salas Juliocesarsalas-merida.PNG Arapuey
2
Julio César Salas
Palmira
12,207
Justo Briceño Justobriceno-merida.PNG Torondoy
2
Capital Justo Briceño
San Cristóbal de Torondoy
5,200
Libertador Libertador-merida.PNG Mérida
15
Antonio Spinetti Dini
Arias
Caracciolo Parra Pérez
Domingo Peña
El Llano
Gonzalo Picón Febres
Jacinto Plaza
Juan Rodríguez Suárez
Lasso de la Vega
Mariano Picón Salas
Milla
Osuna Rodríguez
Sagrario
El Morro
Los Nevados
204,879
Miranda Miranda-merida.PNG Timotes
4
Andrés Eloy Blanco
La Venta
Piñango
Timotes
19,760
Obispo Ramos de Lora Obisporamosdelora-merida.PNG Santa Elena de Arenales
3
Capital Obispo Ramos de Lora
Eloy Paredes
San Rafael de Alcázar
20,873
Padre Noguera Padrenoguera-merida.PNG Santa María de Caparo
1
Padre Noguera 2,494
Pueblo Llano Pueblollano-merida.PNG Pueblo Llano
1
Pueblo Llano 9,532
Rangel Rangel-merida.PNG Mucuchíes
4
Cacute
La Toma
Mucurubá
San Rafael
15,206
Rivas Dávila Rivasdavila-merida.PNG Bailadores
2
Bailadores
Gerónimo Maldonado
16,001
Santos Marquina Santosmarquina-merida.PNG Tabay
1
Santos Marquina 13,795
Sucre Sucre-merida.PNG Lagunillas
5
Chiguará
Estánques
Pueblo Nuevo
San Juan
La Trampa
44,418
Tovar Tovar-merida.PNG Tovar
4
Tovar
El Llano
San Francisco
El Amparo
32,805
Tulio Febres Cordero Tuliofebrescordero-merida.PNG Nueva Bolivia
4
Independencia
Santa Apolonia
Maria de La Concepción Palacios y Blanco
Nueva Bolivia
28,437
Zea Zea-merida.PNG Zea
2
Caño El Tigre
Zea
9,085
Total Venezuela Merida State Location.svg
85
715,268

Geography[change | change source]

Laguna Santo Cristo

Hydrography[change | change source]

Rivers[change | change source]

Hydrography is divided into two basins of the Orinoco River (Atlantic) and Lake Maracaibo (Caribbean Sea): In the Orinoco River basin major rivers are: Santo Domingo, Canaguá, Escagüey, Ticopoto, Bumbúm and Carapo; in the In the Lake Maracaibo basin major rivers are: Chama, Motatán, Mucujepe, Capaz, Torondoy, Mocotíes and Nuestra Señora.[1][2]

Lagons[change | change source]

Laguna de Coromoto

In the state there are a lot of gaps between them are: La Mucuy, Los Patos, Negra, Mucubaji, Santo Cristo, El Arco, Los Anteojos, Suero, Encierro, La Sangre, El Gallo, Don Pedro, Laguna Grande, campanario, La Honda, La Negra, Fría y La Carbonera. Other gaps: Laguna Brava, Los Lirios and Urao [1][2]

National parks[change | change source]

Sierra Nevada - Pico Bolívar
  • Sierra Nevada National Park
  • Paramo Batallon – La Negra National Park
  • Sierra de la Culata National Park
  • Tapo-Caparo National Park

Natural monuments[change | change source]

  • Chorrera de La González
  • Laguna de Urao
  • Meseta la Galera

Other sites of interest[change | change source]

Laguna Santo Cristo
Pico Humboldt
  • Aguas termales de Chiguara.
  • Aguas termales de Jají.
  • Aguas termales de Tabay.
  • Aguas termales Valle de la Quebrada de las Tapias.
  • El Velo de la Novia.
  • Parque Natural Cascada De La India Carú
  • Parque Natural Cascada El Guayabal
  • Laguna de Mucubají o Laguna Grande.
  • Laguna Negra.
  • Kiubofibo "Inside my mind".
  • Collado del Cóndor (Pico El Águila).
  • Pico El Gavilán.
  • Pico Espejo.
  • Pico Mucuñuque.
  • Aguas termales de Santa Apolonia
  • Balneario de Palmarito

Climate and Vegetation[change | change source]

The countryside in Mérida

The climate is cold but in the relatively small area of Mérida state, there are usually several dramatic climatic changes that occur daily. The climate in Mérida city is between 19 °C and 20 °C, temperatures between 5 °C and 9 °C at El Bolivar Peak, or below zero when it snows and 28 °C in the El Vigía area. Its rains almost every late afternoon in January–February that is the coldest months an August–September and in August and September it often rains at night. The vegetation is exuberant and there are many lakes and rivers, a great number of which are well stocked with trout, one of the delicacies of Mérida. The most important river in the state is the "Chama" because a large part of the water resources of Venezuela originates in the Mérida mountains. The state tree is the "Bucare" and the state flower is the "Frailejón" and in the "Coloradito" is found the tree at the highest altitude in the world. In this mountains habitat the "Oso Frontino" bear and the majestic Condor flies through the skies of the páramos and in the lagoons there are many trout.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Vila, Marco Aurelio, 1967: Aspectos geográficos del estado Mérida. Corporación Venezolana de Fomento. Caracas. 359p.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Hernández Caballero, Serafín (Editor). (1998): Gran Enciclopedia de Venezuela. Editorial Globe, C.A. Caracas. 10 volúmenes. ISBN 980-6427-00-9 ISBN 980-6427-10-6

Other websites[change | change source]