Macaque

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Macaques
Crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cercopithecidae
Subfamily: Cercopithecinae
Genus: Macaca
Monkey does selfie: A black crested macaque (Macaca nigra) takes a photo of herself

The macaques are a genus (Macaca) of Old World monkeys of the subfamily Cercopithecinae.[1] The 22 species of macaques live in sub-Saharan Africa, and more widely in Asia. One species is the well-known Gibraltar 'ape'. Macaques are of some interest to human researchers for their social structures, and their usefulness in animal testing, particularly regarding eyesight.

Social behavior[change | change source]

Macaques have a very intricate social structure and hierarchy. If a macaque of a lower level in the social chain has eaten berries and none are left for a higher-level macaque, then the one higher in status can, within this social organization, remove the berries from the other monkey's mouth.[2]

Copyright test case[change | change source]

In 2014 selfies taken by a crested black macaque seemed to establish a legal precedent, after the Wikimedia Foundation rejected a copyright claim.

The photos had been sold widely by David Slater, a professional nature photographer, whose camera was temporarily carried away by a group of macaques. After the photos were uploaded to Wikipedia, the organisation refused to delete them, claiming "This file is in the public domain, because as the work of a non-human animal, it has no human author in whom copyright is vested.[3][4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Groves C.P. 2005. Wilson D.E. & Reeder D.M, eds. Mammal Species of the World, 3rd ed, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 161–165. OCLC 62265494. ISBN 0-801-88221-4
  2. The Life of Mammals, presented by David Attenborough, 2003 British Broadcasting Corporation. BBC Video.
  3. "Wikimedia refuses to remove animal selfie because monkey ‘owns’ the photo". Fox8 News (Fox8 News). 2014-08-06. http://myfox8.com/2014/08/06/wikimedia-refuses-to-remove-animal-selfie-because-monkey-owns-the-copyright/. Retrieved 2014-08-06.
  4. Sparkes, Matthew (2014-08-06). "Wikipedia refuses to delete photo as 'monkey owns it'". The Daily Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/news/11015672/Wikipedia-refuses-to-delete-photo-as-monkey-owns-it.html. Retrieved 2014-08-06.