Mamane

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Mamane
Conservation status
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Sophora
Species: S. chrysophylla
Binomial name
Sophora chrysophylla
(Salisb.) Seem.
Synonyms

Edwardsia chrysophylla Salisb.[1]

Māmane (Hawaiian language) is a shrub of Hawai'i in the Sophora genus. It is suitable for gardens.

It is highly polymorphic, growing as a shrub or tree, and able to reach a height of 15 m (49 ft) in tree form. It is grow fast in every island of Hawaiian archipelago, so botanists describe many local forms including S.unifoliolata[2] Hawaiian honeycreeper visits mamane sucking nectar [3],[4] If mamane were to disappear from Hawai'i it would take with it the palila bird, which is also endangered due to the lack of enough māmane trees.[5] Loxoides bauilleui, palila, feeds on unripe seeds of the māmane[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sophora chrysophylla (Salisb.) Seem.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1997-05-24. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?34951. Retrieved 2009-11-23.
  2. Hawaiian Native Plant Genera
  3. Phylogenetic and Biogeographic Aspects of Sophora Sect. Edwardsia (Papilionaceae) Pacific Science 54:159-167
  4. Palila factsheet
  5. Scott, J.M., S. Mountainspring, C. van Riper III, C.B. Kepler, J.D. Jacobi, T.A. Burr, and J.G. Griffin. 1984. Annual variation in the distribution, abundance, and habitat response of the palila (Loxioides bailleui). Auk 101:647-664
  6. Long-Term Population Variability in the Palila, An Endangered Hawaiian Honeycreeper Pacific Science (1996), 50: 363-370

Other websites[change | change source]

Gallery[change | change source]