From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- 1792 - John Herschel, English mathematician and astronomer (d. 1871)
- 1850 - Tomas Garrigue Masaryk, 1st President of Czechoslovakia (d. 1937)
- 1857 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Austrian doctor, won the 1927 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, (d. 1940)
- 1872 - Piet Mondrian, Dutch artist (d. 1944)
- 1875 – Maurice Ravel, French composer (d. 1937)
- 1901 - Beatrice Roberts, American actress (d. 1970)
- 1904 - Reinhard Heydrich, German SS officer (d. 1942)
- 1938 - Albert Fert, French physicist
- 1938 - David Baltimore, American biologist
- 1940 - Rudi Dutschke, German student leader (d. 1979)
- 1942 - Michael Eisner, American film studio executive
- 1942 - Tammy Faye Messner, American televangelist (d. 2007)
- 1958 - Rik Mayall, British actor
- 1960 - Kazuo Ozaki, Japanese footballer
- 1962 – Taylor Dayne, American singer
- 1970 - Rachel Weisz, British actress
- 1980 - Laura Prepon, American actress
- 1984 - Mathieu Flamini, French footballer
- 1990 – Abigail and Brittany Hensel, American conjoined twins
- 322 BC – Aristotle, Greek philosopher (b. 384 BC)
- 161 - Antoninus Pius, Roman Emperor (b. 86)
- 1274 - Saint Thomas Aquinas, Italian philosopher (b. 1225)
- 1932 - Aristide Briand, French politician and diplomat (b. 1862)
- 1999 – Stanley Kubrick, American movie director (b. 1928)
- 161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies.
- 1862 - American Civil War: Union forces defeat Confederate troops at Pea Ridge, Arkansas.
- 1876 - Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone.
- 1912 - Roald Amundsen announces that his Norwegian expedition reached the South Pole on December 14, 1911.
- 1986 - Divers from the USS Preserver discover the crew cabin of the Space Shuttle Challenger on the ocean floor.
- 1992 - Eduard Shevardnadze becomes Head of State in Georgia.
- 2009 - The Kepler space observatory is launched to find Earth-like planets orbiting around other stars.