Mary Harris Jones
||This biographical article does not give any references or sources. (September 2012)|
|Born||August 1, 1837
Cork, County Cork, Ireland
|Died||November 30, 1930
Adelphi, Maryland, United States
|Occupation||Labor and community organizer|
|Political party||Social Democratic Party and Socialist Party of America|
Mary Harris Jones (1837-30th November 1930) was an American schoolteacher and tailor. All of her four children and her husband died of yellow fever during an epidemic. There was a fire in Chicago, in 1871. Harris Jones' workshop was destroyed in that fire; she lost everything she had. She turned towards the Knights of Labor. The Knights of Labour was an association of workers who also accepted black people and women. From this point on, Harris Jones became active in the labour movement, fighing for better working conditions and better pay of the workers. In 1905, she was a founding member of Industrial Workers of the World, a trade union.
She was an amazing speaker because she was able to use stories as examples in her speeches, and she could also make the audience participate. In 1897, she got the title "Mother Jones". She was 60 at the time. In 1903, she was upset about the bad working conditions of children. For this reason, she organised a march where children marched from Philadelphia to the home of President Roosevelt in New York.