Masato Nakae

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Masato Nakae
In this Japanese name, the family name is Nakae.

Masato Nakae (December 20, 1917-September 4, 1998) was a United States Army soldier.[1] He received the Medal of Honor because of his actions in World War II.[2]

Early life[change | change source]

Nakae was born in Hawaii to Japanese immigrant parents. He is a Nisei, which means that he is a second generation Japanese-American.[1]

Soldier[change | change source]

Two months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Nakae joined the US Army in February 1942.[3]

Nakae volunteered to be part of the all-Nisei 100th Infantry Battalion.[4] This army unit was mostly made up of Japanese Americans from Hawaii and the mainland.[5]

For his actions in August 1944, Nakae was awarded the Army's second-highest decoration, the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC). In the 1990s, there was a review of service records of Asian Americans who received the DSC during World War II. Nakae's award was upgraded to the Medal of Honor. In a ceremony at the White House on June 21, 2000, his family was presented with his medal by President Bill Clinton. Twenty-one other Asian Americans also received the medal during the ceremony, but only seven of them were still alive.[6]

Medal of Honor citation[change | change source]

Nakae's Medal of Honor recognized his conduct in frontline fighting in northern Italy in 1944.[2] He held off an enemy attack and continued to fight after being wounded.[7]

The words of Nakae's citation explain:

Private Masato Nakae distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action on August 19, 1944, near Pisa, Italy. When his submachine gun was damaged by a shell fragment during a fierce attack by a superior enemy force, Private Nakae quickly picked up his wounded comrade’s M-1 rifle and fired rifle grenades at the steadily advancing enemy. As the hostile force continued to close in on his position, Private Nakae threw six grenades and forced them to withdraw. During a concentrated enemy mortar barrage that preceded the next assault by the enemy force, a mortar shell fragment seriously wounded Private Nakae. Despite his injury, he refused to surrender his position and continued firing at the advancing enemy. By inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy force, he finally succeeded in breaking up the attack and caused the enemy to withdraw. Private Nakae’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army.

[8]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Medal of Honor
  1. 1.0 1.1 Vachon, Duane. "A Silent Hero -- PFC Masato Nakae, U.S. Army, WWII, Medal of Honor, (1917-1998)," Hawaii Reporter. May 19, 2012; retreived 2012-12-7.
  2. 2.0 2.1 US Army Center of Military History (CMH), "Medal of Honor Recipients, World War II (M-S)"; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  3. U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), WWII Army Enlistment Record #30102831 (Nakae, Masato); retrieved 2012-12-7.
  4. Go for Broke National Education Center, "Medal of Honor Recipient Private Masato Nakae"; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  5. "100th Battalion, 442nd Infantry" at Global Security.org; retrieved 2012-12-7.
  6. "21 Asian American World War II Vets to Get Medal of Honor" at University of Hawaii Digital History; retrieved 2012-12-27.
  7. CMH, "Asian Pacific American Medal of Honor recipients"; retrieved 2012-12-28.
  8. Gomez-Granger, Julissa. (2008). Medal of Honor Recipients: 1979-2008, "Masato, Nakae," p. 14 [PDF 18 of 44]; retrieved 2012-12-7.

Other websites[change | change source]