Maya languages

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Page 9 of the Dresden Codex showing the classic Maya language written in Mayan hieroglyphs (from the 1880 Förstermann edition)

The Maya languages (or Mayan languages)[1] is a group of languages spoken in Central America.

Mayan languages are spoken by at least 6 million native Maya. Most of them are in Guatemala, Mexico, or Belize. In 1996, Guatemala formally recognized 21 Mayan languages by name,[2] and Mexico recognises eight more.

The Mayan language family is one of the best documented and most studied in the Americas.[3] Modern Mayan languages come from Proto-Mayan, a language which was probably spoken at least 5,000 years ago. It has been partially reconstructed.

References[change | change source]

  1. In linguistics, it is common to use Mayan when talking about to the languages, or an aspect of a language. In other academic fields, Maya is the preferred usage. It is used as both a singular and plural noun, and as the adjectival form.
  2. Spence, Jack; David R. Dye, Paula Worby, Carmen Rosa de Leon-Escribano, George Vickers, and Mike Lanchin (August 1988). "Promise and Reality: Implementation of the Guatemalan Peace Accords". Hemispheres Initiatives. http://hemisphereinitiatives.org/promise.htm#accord. Retrieved 2006-12-06.
  3. Campbell, Lyle (1997). American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America (Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics, 4). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-195-09427-1. p.165.