Top: Melbourne city centre, centre/left: Flinders Street Station, centre/right: Shrine of Remembrance, centre: Federation Square, bottom/left: Melbourne Cricket Ground, bottom/right: Royal Exhibition Building.
|Population:||3,892,419 (2008 Estimate)  (2nd)|
|• Density:||1566/km² (4,055.9/sq mi) (2006)|
|Established:||30 August 1835|
|Elevation:||31 m (102 ft)|
|Area:||8806 km² (3,400.0 sq mi)|
• Summer (DST)
|LGA:||31 Municipalities across Greater Melbourne|
|State District:||54 electoral districts and regions|
|Federal Division:||23 Divisions|
Melbourne is a multicultural city (it welcomes people and cultures from all over the world). It is famous for its trams (small short trains). The centre of Melbourne is around a river called the Yarra River. Melbourne also has many big parks and gardens and some beaches.
There is a lot of industry (factories) and commerce (buying and selling) in Melbourne. Many of Australia's largest companies and many large companies from other countries work there. It is home to Australia's largest seaport. There are a number of universities (the University of Melbourne, Monash University, Deakin University, Victoria University, La Trobe University, RMIT University, Swinburne University and the Australian Catholic University). Much of Australia's automotive (car) industry is there, for example the engine maker "Holden", and "Ford" and "Toyota" car builders.
Melbourne was founded in 1835 by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner. In 1851, some people found gold near Melbourne. Melbourne grew very quickly because people came from all over the world to look for gold. At the end of the 19th century, Melbourne was called "Marvellous Melbourne" ("marvellous" means "wonderful"). Melbourne was the biggest and most important city in Australia for many years, but now Sydney is bigger. The first Australian government was in Melbourne from 1901 until 1927 when it moved to Canberra.
Many people from different countries live in Melbourne. In fact 43% of the people living in Melbourne were born outside Australia or have parents from another country. All together people from 233 countries live in Melbourne and people with 116 different religions.
Population by year
- 1901 - Opening of the first Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia
- 1956 - The Olympic Games were in Melbourne.
- 2006 - The Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games
Melbourne has six sister cities. They are:
- Japan - Osaka, Japan (1978)
- China - Tianjin, China (PRC) (1980)
- Greece - Thessaloniki, Greece (1984)
- United States - Boston, United States (1985)
- Russia - Saint Petersburg, Russia (1989)
- Italy - Milan, Italy (2004)
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide about: Melbourne|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Melbourne|
- "Regional Population Growth, Australia 2007-2008". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2009-04-23. http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/3218.0~2007-08~Main+Features~Main+Features?OpenDocument#PARALINK0.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Community Profile Series : Melbourne (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census of Population and Housing. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/ProductSelect?newproducttype=Community+Profiles&collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL232200&breadcrumb=LP¤taction=201&action=401. Retrieved 2008-05-19.