Monte Plata Province
|- elevation||56 m (184 ft)|
|Area||2,632.14 km² (1,016 sq mi)|
|Density||70.6 /km² (183 /sq mi)|
6 municipal districts
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
The Monte Plata province is in the centre of the country. To the north, it has the Sánchez Ramírez, Duarte and Samaná provinces; to the east, the Hato Mayor and San Pedro de Macorís; to the south, the Santo Domingo province; and to the west, the San Cristóbal and Monseñor Nouel provinces.
Origin of name [change]
The province was given the name of the capital city, Monte Plata. In colonial times, people from Monte Cristi and Puerto Plata came to live to this region by orders of the Spanish king and gave to the town a new name that comes from the two original towns, Monte Plata.
After the Dominican independence from Haiti in 1844, this region was part of the old Santo Domingo Province. During the Restoration War against Spain (1861 - 1865), there were several important battles in the region.
In 1932, the region was made part of the new San Cristóbal province and then it was made a province with the name of Monte Plata but soon the name was changed to Monseñor MeriñoArchbishop Fernando Arturo de Meriño, who was President of the Dominican Republic in 1880-1882.
Then, in 1944, the province was made part of the San Cristóbal province again until 1982 when the new Monte Plata province was created.
The Monte Plata province is one of the largest province of the country, with a total area of 2,632.14 km². It has 5.4% of the area of the Dominican Republic and it is ranked as the 4th (out of 31 provinces plus the National District) largest province.
The municipalities and their municipal districts (M.D.) are:
- Monte Plata, head municipality of the province
- Sabana Grande de Boyá
- Los Botados (M.D.)
Its population represents 2.0% of the total population of the country and the province is ranked as the 15th (out of 31 plus the National District) more populated province.
The Sierra de Yamasá is found to the east and north of the province. Los Haitises is a region found in the northwestern part of the province; most of it is now a national park.
The River Ozama is the most important river in the province. Other rivers are Yabacao, Yamasá, Comate, Mijo and Guanuma.
Cattle raising is also very important.
- Listado de Códigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
- Oficina Nacional de Estadística. "IX Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. Informe Básico" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://censo2010.one.gob.do/resultados/Resumen_resultados_generales_censo_2010.pdf. Retrieved 2013-1-29.