Montluçon

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Montluçon

Montluçon château 1.jpg
Palace of the Dukes of Bourbon, Montluçon.
Coat of arms of Montluçon
Coat of arms
Montluçon is located in France
Montluçon
Administration
Country France
Region Auvergne
Department Allier
Arrondissement Montluçon
Canton Chief town of 4 cantons
Intercommunality Agglomération montluçonnaise
Mayor Daniel Dugléry
(2014-2020)
Statistics
Elevation 194–364 m (636–1,194 ft)
(avg. 279 m/915 ft)
Land area1 20.67 km2 (7.98 sq mi)
Population2 38,166  (2011)
 - Density 1,846 /km2 (4,780 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 03185/ 03100
Website www.mairie-montlucon.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 46°20′27″N 2°36′12″E / 46.3408°N 2.6033°E / 46.3408; 2.6033

Montluçon is a commune in central France on the Cher river. It is the largest commune in the Allier department in the Auvergne region, although the department's préfecture is in the smaller town of Moulins.

The town is the historical capital of the old province of Bourbonnais and was part of the mediaeval Duchy of Bourbon.

History[change | change source]

Montluçon was built in the Middle Ages. The first mention of a place called Monte Lucii is from the eleventh century. Guillaume, son of Archambaud IV of Bourbon, built a castle on a small rocky hill on the Cher river.

The town, which formed part of the duchy of Bourbon, was taken by the English in 1171, and by Philip II of France in 1181; finally, in the 14th century, the English had to leave the town.

In the 14th century, Louis II de Bourbon re-built the castle and walls of the town. Montluçon and other Burgundian lands went back to the French crown in 1529, and Henry IV further improved the defenses.

Geography[change | change source]

La commune de Montluçon is on the northwestern part of the Auvergne region, on the northern part of the Massif Central; it is on the Cher river. It has an area of 20.67 km2 (7.98 sq mi) and its average altitude is 279 m (915 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 207 m (679 ft).[1].

The city is 61 km (38 mi) from Moulins, 72 km (45 mi) from Clermont-Ferrand and 281 km (175 mi) from Paris.[2]

Montluçon and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Montluçon

Montluçon is surrounded by the communes Saint-Victor, Désertines, Saint-Angel, Néris-les-Bains, Lavault-Sainte-Anne, Prémilhat and Domérat.

Population[change | change source]

With a population of 38,166,[3] Montluçon is the largest city of the Allier department and the second in the Auvergne region, after Clermont-Ferrand. It has a population density of 1,846 inhabitants/km2.

The inhabitants of Montluçon are known, in French, as Montluçonnais (women: Montluçonnaises).[4]

Administration[change | change source]

Montluçon is a sous-préfecture of the Allier department since 1800. It is also the capital of four Cantons:[5]

  1. Montluçon-Est, formed with part of Montluçon and the communes Chamblet, Deneuille-les-Mines, Désertines, Saint-Angel and Verneix.
  2. Montluçon-Ouest, formed with part of Montluçon and the communes Lamaids, Prémilhat and Quinssaines.
  3. Montluçon-Nord-Est, formed with part of Montluçon and the communes Saint-Victor and Vaux.
  4. Montluçon-Sud, formed with part of Montluçon and the communes Lavault-Sainte-Anne, Lignerolles, Néris-les-Bains and Teillet-Argenty.

Montluçon is also part of the canton Domérat-Montluçon-Nord-Ouest; Domérat is the capital of this canton and not Montluçon.

Places of interest[change | change source]

Some interesting places in Montluçon are:

  • The Church of Saint-Pierre (Église Saint-Pierre de Montluçon) is a Roman Catholic church built in the 12th century, with a Romanesque architecture.
  • The Church of Notre-Dame (Église Notre-Dame de Montluçon), another Roman Catholic church built in the 15th century, with a Gothic architecture.
  • The Dukes of Bourbon castle (Château des ducs de Bourbon) is a castle. It was built beginning in 1070.

Gallery[change | change source]

People from or related to Moulins[change | change source]

Sister cities[change | change source]

Montluçon is twinned with:[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Montluçon". Map-France.com. http://www.map-france.com/Montlucon-03100/. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  2. "Montluçon" (in French). Lion1906. http://www.lion1906.com/departements/allier/montlucon.php. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  3. "Populations légales en vigueur à compter du 1er janvier 2014: Allier" (in French) (pdf). Populations légales 2011 des départements et des collectivités d'outre-mer. Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/ppp/bases-de-donnees/recensement/populations-legales/pages2013/pdf/dep03.pdf. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  4. "Montluçon (03100)" (in French). habitants.fr. http://www.habitants.fr/habitants_montlucon_03185.html. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  5. "Liste des cantons de l'arrondissement de Montluçon" (in French). Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques - INSEE. http://www.insee.fr/fr/methodes/nomenclatures/cog/canarr.asp?codedep=03&codearr=1. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  6. "Bienvenue à Montluçon - Jumelage" (in French). Ville de Montluçon. http://www.mairie-montlucon.fr/index.php/decouvrir/jumelage#. Retrieved 28 December 2014.

Related pages[change | change source]

Arrondissements of the Allier department

Other websites[change | change source]