Mount Herzl

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Mount Herzl
Hebrew: Har Herzl
Mount Herzl IMG 1149.JPG
Main entrance to Mount Herzl
Elevation 834 m (2,736 ft)
Listing Judaean Mountains
Location
Location 1 Herzl Boulevard, Jerusalem
Coordinates 31°46′26″N 35°10′50″E / 31.77389°N 35.18056°E / 31.77389; 35.18056Coordinates: 31°46′26″N 35°10′50″E / 31.77389°N 35.18056°E / 31.77389; 35.18056
Mount Herzl National Cemetery
Mount Herzl - Mivza Kadesh Plot IMG 1228.JPG
the mount herzl national military and police cemetery
Details
Country Israel
Location Herzl Boulevard, Jerusalem
Type Public and Military
Find a Grave Findagrave
a sign mark the Visitors Trail
a map with newsletters mark every corner in the visitors trai

Mount Herzl (Hebrew: הר הרצל, Har Herzl), also Har HaZikaron (Hebrew: הר הזכרון lit. "Mount of Remembrance"), is the national cemetery of Israel in Jerusalem. It is named for Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern political Zionism. Yad Vashem, the main Holocaust museum of Israel is on the Mount of Remembrance that is an extension of Mount Herzl. Mount Herzl is 834 meters above sea level. The Northern area is the National Military and Police cemetery and the Southern area is the National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel.

National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel (Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma)[change | change source]

The southern slope of Mount Herzl is dedicated to the leaders and important public persons of the state of Israel. In Hebrew this cemetery called: Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma ("the section of the great people of the nation"). The cemetery region includes a national memorials of the Israeli public and memorial gardens of leaders that visit the state of Israel.

Mount Herzl Plaza[change | change source]

Mount Herzl Plaza is the main ceremonial plaza of the national cemetery. It is used for the Israel Independence Day ceremony every year. The plaza is at the highest spot on Mount Herzl.

Menorah sculpture[change | change source]

The Menorah sculpture is at the entrance to Mount Herzl. It is dedicated to the Third Temple. It was made in 2002 by sculptor Ben Zion Tzefoni.

Garden of the Nations[change | change source]

The Garden of the Nations is a public garden. It has been planted with olives trees by foreign leaders visiting Israel. Each tree is has a plaque with the name of the leader who planted it.

Herzl Museum[change | change source]

The Herzl Museum is a biographical museum. It tells the story of Theodor Herzl and his vision to create a Zionist country. The museum opened in 2005.

Mount Herzl Educational Center[change | change source]

Mount Herzl Educational Center - The Stella and Alexander Margolis Educational Center for study of Zionism is located beside the Herzl Museum. It opened in 2013. A small memorial garden to Norman Herzl was planted beside the study center.

Path to Yad Vashem[change | change source]

The memorial path was designed by the architect Uri Abramson and was built by Israeli youth organizations in 2003. It tells the story of the birth of the state of Israel, from the beginning of the Zionism until the declaration of the state. The path runs from the National Civil Cemetery to Yad Vashem.

Victims of Acts of Terror Memorial[change | change source]

The Victims of Acts of Terror Memorial is the main memorial for all victims of terrorism in Israel from 1851 until today. The Memorial was opened in 1997, and every year, a ceremony is held on the plaza of the memorial.

National Military and Police Cemetery[change | change source]

The main Israel Defense Forces cemetery is on the northern slope of Mt. Herzl. The cemetery includes memorials to members of the IDF who have fallen in the line of duty, and memorial gardens to the people who fought for the pre Zionist state. The [[Israel Police]] cemetery, for police officers who have fallen in the line of duty, is also located there.

Garden of the Missing in Action[change | change source]

The Garden of the Missing in Action is a Memorial Garden in the National Military and Police Cemetery dedicated to the Missing in action whose burial place is unknown. It is also dedicated to the memory of unknown soldiers. In the garden there is a wall of names that started in the year of 1914 until today. Beside it, empty graves represent missing soldiers and officers who have fought in the Israeli Defence Forces.

National Memorial Hall[change | change source]

Israel plans to build a new national memorial hall at the entrance to the National Military and Police cemetery. The new hall will honour the memory of soldiers and security personnel died defending the land of Israel since 1860.  It will be built in the shape of a torch and include an eternal flame.

Ancient burial cave[change | change source]

An ancient Jewish burial cave from the Second Temple period was found in the military cemetery in 1954. Architect Asher Hiram designed the entrance to the cave so that it is included in the cemetery.

Gallery of Mount Herzl National Cemetery[change | change source]

Mount of Remembrance[change | change source]

The Mount of Remembrance is the western summit of Mount Herzl. It is 806 meters above sea level. It is called Mount of Remembrance in memory of the victims of the Holocaust. Yad Vashem museum is on the top of the mountain.

Yad Vashem[change | change source]

Yad Vashem is the national Holocaust museum of Israel. The museum includes the International School for Holocaust Studies, the International Institute for Holocaust Research, the Valley of the Destroyed Communities, the Hall of Names, and the Righteous Among the Nations memorial path.

Official Ceremonies[change | change source]

  • Memorial Day ceremony for Israel's Fallen Soldiers.
  • Memorial Day Ceremony for Victims of Terrorism, held at the memorial of terror in Israel.
  • Seventh of Adar ceremony for fallen soldiers whose resting place is unknown, held in Garden of the Missing Soldiers.
  • Independence Day ceremony, held at Mount Herzl Plaza.
  • Holocaust Remembrance Day ceremony at Yad Vashem.

Sections[change | change source]

Burials[change | change source]

Presidents[change | change source]

Prime Ministers[change | change source]

Ministers[change | change source]

Knesset speakers[change | change source]

Mayors[change | change source]

Chief of General Staff[change | change source]

Police Commissioners[change | change source]

Monuments and Memorials in Mount Herzl National Cemetery[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]