||It has been suggested that the text on Mount Herzl Plaza be merged into (added to) this article. (Discuss)|
||It has been suggested that the text on National Memorial Hall (Mount Herzl) be merged into (added to) this article. (Discuss)|
||This article has many issues. Please help fix them or discuss these issues on the talk page.
|Hebrew: Har Herzl
Main entrance to Mount Herzl
|Elevation||834 m (2,736 ft)|
|Location||1 Herzl Boulevard, Jerusalem|
the mount herzl national military and police cemetery
|Location||Herzl Boulevard, Jerusalem|
|Type||Public and Military|
|Find a Grave||Findagrave|
Mount Herzl (Hebrew: הר הרצל, Har Herzl), also Har HaZikaron (Hebrew: הר הזכרון lit. "Mount of Remembrance"), is the national cemetery of Israel located in Jerusalem. It is named for Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern political Zionism. Yad Vashem, the main Holocaust museum of Israel is located on the Mount of Remembrance that is extension of Mount Herzl. Mount Herzl is 834 meters above sea level. The Northern area is the National Military and Police cemetery and the Southern area is the National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel.
- 1 National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel (Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma)
- 2 National Military and Police Cemetery
- 3 Mount of Remembrance
- 4 Official Ceremonies
- 5 Sections
- 6 Burials
- 7 Other websites
National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel (Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma)[change | edit source]
The southern slope of Mount Herzl dedicated to the leaders and important public persons of the state of Israel. in hebrew this cemetery called: Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma ("the section of the great people of the nation"). the cemetery region are including a national memorials of the israeli public and memorial gardens of leaders that visit the state of israel.
Mount Herzl Plaza[change | edit source]
Mount Herzl Plaza is the main ceremonial plaza of the national cemetery. It is used for the Israel Independence Day ceremony every year. The plaza is at the highest spot on Mount Herzl.
Menorah sculpture[change | edit source]
Garden of the Nations[change | edit source]
The Garden of the Nations is a public garden. It has been planted with olives trees by foreign leaders visiting Israel. Each tree is has a plaque with the name of the leader who planted it.
Herzl Museum[change | edit source]
The Herzl Museum is a biographical museum. It tells the story of Theodor Herzl and his vision to create a Zionist country. The museum opened in 2005.
Mount Herzl Educational Center[change | edit source]
Mount Herzl Educational Center - The Stella and Alexander Margolis Educational Center for study of Zionism is located beside the Herzl Museum. It opened in 2013. A small memorial garden to Norman Herzl was planted beside the study center.
Path to Yad Vashem[change | edit source]
The memorial path was designed by the architect Uri Abramson was built by Israeli youth organizations in 2003. It tells the story of the birth of the state of Israel, from the beginning of the Zionism until the declaration of the state. The path runs from the National Civil Cemetary to Yad Vashem.
Victims of Acts of Terror Memorial[change | edit source]
The Victims of Acts of Terror Memorial is the main memorial for all victims of terrorism in Israel from 1851 until today. The Memorial was opened in 1997, and every year, a ceremony is held on the plaza of the memorial.
National Military and Police Cemetery[change | edit source]
The main Israel Defense Forces cemetery is located on the northern slope of Mt. Herzl. The cemetery includes memorials to members of the IDF who have fallen in the line of duty, and memorial gardens to the people who fought for the pre Zionist state. The [[Israel Police]] cemetery, for police officers who have fallen in the line of duty, is also located there.
Garden of the Missing in Action[change | edit source]
The Garden of the Missing in Action is a Memorial Garden in the National Military and Police Cemetery dedicated to the Missing in action whose burial place is unknown. It is also dedicated to the memory of unknown soldiers. In the garden there is a wall of names that started in the year of 1914 until today. Beside it, empty graves represent missing soldiers and officers who have fought in the Israeli Defence Forces.
National Memorial Hall[change | edit source]
Israel plans to build a new national memorial hall at the entrance to the National Military and Police cemetery. The new hall will honour the memory of soldiers and security personnel died defending the land of Israel since 1860. It will be built in the shape of a torch and include an eternal flame.
Ancient burial cave[change | edit source]
Gallery of Mount Herzl National Cemetery[change | edit source]
Menorah sculpture near main entrance
Mass grave of jews who drowned in the sea at Ha'apala period
Graves of the Herzl family and of past chairmen of the World Zionist Organization
Graves of the seven Jewish Parachutists of Mandate of Palestine
Grave of Olei Hagardom
Second Temple period burial cave discovered in the 1948 war section
Mount of Remembrance[change | edit source]
The Mount of Remembrance is the western summit of Mount Herzl. It is 806 meters above sea level. It is called Mount of Remembrance in memory of the victims of the Holocaust. Yad Vashem museum is on the top of the mountain.
Yad Vashem[change | edit source]
Yad Vashem is the national Holocaust museum of Israel. The museum includes the International School for Holocaust Studies, the International Institute for Holocaust Research, the Valley of the Destroyed Communities, the Hall of Names, and the Righteous Among the Nations memorial path.
Official Ceremonies[change | edit source]
- Memorial Day ceremony for Israel's Fallen Soldiers.
- Memorial Day Ceremony for Victims of Terrorism, held at the memorial of terror in Israel.
- Seventh of Adar ceremony for fallen soldiers whose resting place is unknown, held in Garden of the Missing Soldiers.
- Independence Day ceremony, held at Mount Herzl Plaza.
- Holocaust Remembrance Day ceremony at Yad Vashem.
Sections[change | edit source]
- Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma Section
- Herzl family and the heads of the World Zionist Organization Section
- Jewish Immigrants drowned in the sea at Ha'apala period Section
- Ze'ev Jabotinsky and his family Section
- Israel Police Section
- Jewish Parachutists of Mandate of Palestine Section
- Olei Hagardom Section
- 1948 Arab–Israeli War Section
- 1956 Suez Crisis Section
- 1967 Six-Day War and 1969-1970 War of Attrition Section
- 1973 Yom Kippur War Section
- 1982 Lebanon War Section
- 2006 Lebanon War Section
Burials[change | edit source]
Presidents[change | edit source]
Prime Ministers[change | edit source]
Ministers[change | edit source]
- Eliezer Kaplan, Ministry of Finance
Knesset speakers[change | edit source]
- Yosef Sprinzak, 1st Knesset speaker
- Yisrael Yeshayahu, 5th Knesset speaker
- Menachem Savidor, 8th Knesset speaker
Mayors[change | edit source]
- Teddy Kollek, mayor of Jerusalem
Chief of General Staff[change | edit source]
Police Commissioners[change | edit source]
- Pinhas Kopel, 3rd Police Commissioner
- Shaul Rosolio, 5th Police Commissioner
- Haim Tavori, 6th Police Commissioner
Monuments and Memorials in Mount Herzl National Cemetery[change | edit source]
Planned National Memorial Hall.
Other websites[change | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mount Herzl|
- Mount Herzl in "Commonwealth War Graves Commission" site
- Mount Herzl museum
- Mount Herzl on WikiMapia
- Find a grave on Mount Herzl
- Simulation of the National Memorial Hall on YNET website
- Mount Herzl: The Creation of Israel's National Cemetery, Maoz Azaryahu
- Mount Herzl Disaster in Haaretz site
- the memorial of Terror Victims in "la'ad" website
- Stamp commemorating the opening of the Garden of the Missing Soldiers by the Israel Postal Company
- Israeli Soldiers "Missing in Action"