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|Hebrew: Har Herzl
Main entrance to Mount Herzl
|Elevation||834 m (2,736 ft)|
|Location||1 Herzl Boulevard, Jerusalem|
the mount herzl national military and police cemetery
|Location||Herzl Boulevard, Jerusalem|
|Type||Public and Military|
|Find a Grave||Findagrave|
Mount Herzl (Hebrew: הר הרצל, Har Herzl), also Har HaZikaron (Hebrew: הר הזכרון lit. "Mount of Remembrance"), is the national cemetery of Israel located in Jerusalem. It is named for Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern political Zionism. Yad Vashem, the main Holocaust museum of Israel is located on the Mount of Remembrance that is extension of Mount Herzl. Mount Herzl is 834 meters above the sea level. The Northern area is the National Military and Police cemetery and the Southern area is the National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel.
- 1 National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel (Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma)
- 2 National Military and Police Cemetery
- 3 Mount of Remembrance
- 4 Official Ceremonies
- 5 Sections
- 6 Burials
- 7 Other websites
National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel (Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma)[change | edit source]
the southern slop of Mount herzl dedicated to the leaders and important public persons of the state of Israel. in hebrew this cemetery called: Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma ("the section of the great people of the nation"). the cemetery region are including a national memorials of the israeli public and memorial gardens of leaders that visit the state of israel.
Mount Herzl Plaza[change | edit source]
the ceremonial plaza is a big square in the top of the Mountain. in the northern edge is the grave of Theodor Herzl. the plaza is the place which the Independence Day celebrations are begining every year.
the Menorah sculpture[change | edit source]
Garden of the Nations[change | edit source]
is a public garden with an Olives trees that plant by foreign leaders that visit the state of israel. in each tree is a plaque in memory of the leader who plant the tree.
Herzl Museum[change | edit source]
a bigraphical museum in the main entrance to Mount Herzl, tell the story of Theodor Herzl and his visin to creat the Zionist country. the museum was open in 2005.
The Zionism study center[change | edit source]
the Stella and Alexander Margolis institute for study of Zionism and educational center is located beside the Herzl Museum. the center was open in 2013. a small memorial garden to Norman Herzl beside the Zionism study center.
The Connecting Pathe to Yad Vashem[change | edit source]
a memorial path that was established in 2003 by the israeli youth organizations and desingd by the architect Uri Abramson with pictures walls and speakers telling the story of the birth of the state of israel from the beginning of the Zionism until the decleration of the state. the path the path begin from Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma and is ending at the entrance of the Yad Vashem museum.
Victims of Acts of Terror Memorial[change | edit source]
The Victims of Acts of Terror Memorial is the main memorial for all victims of terrorism in Israel from 1851 until today. The Memorial was opened in 1997, and every year a main ceremony is held on the plaza of the memorial.
National Military and Police Cemetery[change | edit source]
the cemetery are located in the northern slop and uses as the main cemetery of the israeli soldiers and officars - if there family don't want to buried them in other places. the cemetery are including national memorials of the israely defence forces and memorial gardens for the people who fight in the pre zionist state.
Garden of the Missing in Action[change | edit source]
the Garden of the Missing in Action is a Memorial Garden in the National Military and Police Cemetery dedicated to the Missing in action that burial place is unknown from 1914 until today and also dedicated to the memory of the unknown soldiers. in the garden there is a wall of names that started in the year of 1914 until today. beside him an empty graves with stones that marks the missing soldiers and officers who have fought in the Israeli Army and Israeli Police.
National Memorial Hall[change | edit source]
The National Memorial Hall is a planned memorial hall dedicated to all war and fighters in israel from 1860 until today with the eternal flame dedicated to the unknown soldiers of Israel. the hall is planned to be built in the entrance to the National Military and Police cemetery.
Ancient burial cave[change | edit source]
An ancient Jewish burial cave from the Second Temple period was found in the military cemetery in 1954 and after than the main architect of the cemetery: the Architect "Dr. Asher Hiram" design the entrance to the cave so that it will be integrated inside the cemetery.
Gallery of Mount Herzl National Cemetery[change | edit source]
Menorah sculpture near main entrance
Mass grave of jews who drowned in the sea at Ha'apala period
Graves of the Herzl family and of past chairmen of the World Zionist Organization
Graves of the seven Jewish Parachutists of Mandate of Palestine
Grave of Olei Hagardom
Second Temple period burial cave discovered in the 1948 war section
Mount of Remembrance[change | edit source]
is the western hill of Mount Herzl in 806 meters above the sea level (also western spur of Mount Herzl). the Mount of Remembrance called for the memory for the victims of the Holocaust and the Yad Vashem museum is on the top of the mountain.
Yad Vashem museum[change | edit source]
the Yad Vashem museum is the natioanl Holocaust museum of israel located in the top of the Mount of Remembrance viewing to Mount Herzl, the museum including the International School for Holocaust Studies, the "International Institute for Holocaust Research", the "Valley of the Destroyed Communities", the "Hall of Names", and the Righteous Among the Nations Memorial Path.
Official Ceremonies[change | edit source]
- Memorial Day ceremony for Israel's Fallen Soldiers.
- Memorial Day Ceremony for Victims of Terrorism, held at the memorial of terror in Israel.
- Seventh of Adar ceremony for fallen soldiers whose resting place is unknown, held in Garden of the Missing Soldiers.
- Independence Day ceremony, held at Mount Herzl Plaza.
- Holocaust Remembrance Day ceremony at Yad Vashem.
Sections[change | edit source]
- Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma Section
- Herzl family and the heads of the World Zionist Organization Section
- Jewish Immigrants drowned in the sea at Ha'apala period Section
- Ze'ev Jabotinsky and his family Section
- Israel Police Section
- Jewish Parachutists of Mandate of Palestine Section
- Olei Hagardom Section
- 1948 Arab–Israeli War Section
- 1956 Suez Crisis Section
- 1967 Six-Day War and 1969-1970 War of Attrition Section
- 1973 Yom Kippur War Section
- 1982 Lebanon War Section
- 2006 Lebanon War Section
Burials[change | edit source]
Presidents[change | edit source]
Prime Ministers[change | edit source]
Ministers[change | edit source]
- Eliezer Kaplan, Ministry of Finance
Knesset speakers[change | edit source]
- Yosef Sprinzak, 1st Knesset speaker
- Yisrael Yeshayahu, 5th Knesset speaker
- Menachem Savidor, 8th Knesset speaker
Mayors[change | edit source]
- Teddy Kollek, mayor of Jerusalem
Chief of General Staff[change | edit source]
Police Commissioners[change | edit source]
- Pinhas Kopel, 3rd Police Commissioner
- Shaul Rosolio, 5th Police Commissioner
- Haim Tavori, 6th Police Commissioner
Monuments and Memorials in Mount Herzl National Cemetery[change | edit source]
Planned National Memorial Hall.
Other websites[change | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mount Herzl|
- Mount Herzl in "Commonwealth War Graves Commission" site
- Mount Herzl museum
- Mount Herzl on WikiMapia
- Find a grave on Mount Herzl
- Simulation of the National Memorial Hall on YNET website
- Mount Herzl: The Creation of Israel's National Cemetery, Maoz Azaryahu
- Mount Herzl Disaster in Haaretz site
- the memorial of Terror Victims in "la'ad" website
- Stamp commemorating the opening of the Garden of the Missing Soldiers by the Israel Postal Company
- Israeli Soldiers "Missing in Action"