Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari

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Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari

Bal'ami's 14th century Persian version of Universal History by Tabari
Full name Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari
Era Medieval era
Region Persian scholar
School Jariri

Abi Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838-923 أبي جعفر محمد بن جرير الطبري) was one of the earliest, most important and famous Persian historians and explainers of the Qur'an, most famous for his Tarikh al-Tabari (History of the Prophets and Kings) and Tafsir al-Tabari.

Name[change | change source]

Tabari (Persian: طبری), Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Jarir at-Tabari, His name means "father of Jafar, named after the Prophet Muhammad, son of Jarir, from the province of Tabaristan".

Biography[change | change source]

He was born in Amol, Tabaristan, some twenty kilometres south of the Caspian Sea, in the winter of 838-9.[1] He was precocious.[2] He left home to study in A.H. 236 [3] (850-1) when he was twelve. He retained close ties to his home town. He did return at least twice, the last time in A.H. 290 (903) when his outspokenness caused some uneasiness and led to his quick departure [4].

References[change | change source]

  1. Rosenthal, Franz, "The Life and Works of al-Tabari" pp. 10-11
  2. Rosenthal ibid p. 15
  3. ibid pp. 15-16
  4. ibid p. 11

Bibliography[change | change source]

  • Bosworth, C.E., Encyclopedia of Islam, "Al-Tabari, Abu Djafar Muhammad b. Djarir b. Yazid"
  • Rosenthal, Franz, "The Life and Works of al-Tabari" pp. 5–134 of volume one of the English translation of the History.

Other websites[change | change source]