Munich U-Bahn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Munich U-Bahn is a underground railway network in the city of Munich, Germany. It is run by the Münchner Verkehrsgesellschaft, or MVG for short. It has 6 lines and has a network of 103,1 km (64,1 miles) and has exactly 100 stations. Only one line, the U6 crosses the city border in Garching.

Lines[change | change source]

U-Bahnnetz München 2008

There are currently 7 lines:

U1 Olympia-Einkaufszentrum - Rotkreuzplatz - Central Station - Sendlinger Tor - Kolumbusplatz - Mangfallplatz
U2 Feldmoching - Harthof - Scheidplatz - Central Station - Sendlinger Tor - Kolumbusplatz - Giesing - Innsbrucker Ring - Trudering - Messestadt Ost
U3 Moosach - Olympia-Einkaufszentrum - Olympiazentrum - Scheidplatz - Münchner Freiheit - Odeonsplatz - Marienplatz - Sendlinger Tor - Implerstraße - Obersendling - Fürstenried West
U4 Westendstraße - Heimeranplatz - Hauptbahnhof - Karlsplatz (Stachus) - Odeonsplatz - Lehel - Max-Weber-Platz - Arabellapark
U5 Laimer Platz - Westendstraße - Heimeranplatz - Central Station - Karlsplatz (Stachus) - Odeonsplatz - Lehel - Max-Weber-Platz - East Station - Innsbrucker Ring - Neuperlach Süd
U6 Garching-Forschungszentrum - Freimann - Studentenstadt - Münchner Freiheit - Odeonsplatz - Marienplatz - Sendlinger Tor - Implerstraße - Harras - Klinikum Großhadern
U7 Westfriedhof - Hauptbahnhof - Sendlinger Tor - Frauenhofer Straße - Kolumbusplatz - Giesing Bahnhof - Innsbrucker Ring - Neuperlach Zentrum

The trains can go 80 km/h, which is the fastest in Germany. Only the lines U5 and U6 are partly above ground. The U5 comes over ground only at the last station, the U6 for the last six stations in the north.

Trains run every 10 minutes, in rush hours every 5 minutes. In the early morning and late evening trains run every 20 minutes.

There are 3 "line families". They share the tunnel in the city centre. Each family has a colour. It is used in the stations.

Almost every station has a platform in the middle. Only the stations Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (U1), Richard-Strauss-Straße (U4), Neuperlach Süd (U5), Garching-Hochbrück and Nordfriedhof (both U6) have platforms on the side.

At the stations Innsbrucker Ring (U2/U5) and Scheidplatz (U2/U3)there are four tracks with two platforms. To change trains you only have to go to the other side of the platforms. Two lines cross at these stations. The stations Hauptbahnhof (Central Station) (U1/U2) and Münchner Freiheit (U3/U6) have four tracks. At the Hauptbahnhof there are two more tracks on another level for the U4 and U5. Here two lines separate. The stations Kolumbusplatz (U1/U2), Implerstraße (U3/U6) and Max-Weber-Platz (U4/U5) have three platforms. Two for trains to the city and one for trains from the city. Two lines separate at these stations.

U1[change | change source]

In 1980 the U1 started running with the U8 (now the U2). After the branch to Rotkreuzplatz was opened, it became a single line.

Today the U1 is 12.2 km long. It runs between Olympia-Einkaufszentrum and Wettersteinplatz. It shares track with U2 between Hauptbahnhof (Central Station) and Kolumbusplatz.

U2[change | change source]

In 1980 it started together with the U1. First it was called U8. Today it is 24.4 km long. It runs between Feldmoching and Messestadt Ost. It shares track with U1 between Hauptbahnhof (Central Station) and Kolumbusplatz.

U3[change | change source]

In 1972 this line was opened, because of the Olympic Games.

The line is 21.0 km long. It runs between Moosach and Fürstenried West. It shares track with the U6 between Münchner Freiheit and Implerstraße.

U4[change | change source]

The U4 was named U9 at first. It opened together with the U5. The line is the shortest in the network. It is 9.3 km long and has only 13 stations. It runs between Arabellapark to Westendstraße. Between Max-Weber-Platz and Westendstraße. In the evenings, it only operates between Lehel and Arabellapark.

U5[change | change source]

The U5 was opened together with the U4. The line is 15.4 km long. It runs between Laimer Platz and Neuperlach Süd.

U6[change | change source]

U6 is the oldest and longest line. The first bit was built in 1938, but it was opened in 1971. It is 27.4 km long. It operates between Garching-Forschungszentrum and Klinikum Großhadern.

U7[change | change source]

The line was opened in 2011. It runs beetween Westfriedhof and Neuperlach Zentrum only in rush hour.

Trains[change | change source]

The Munich U-Bahn uses three different kinds of trains. Altogether there are 550 trains, which can be used on any line.

Line Chronicle[change | change source]

Opened Line Section Length
19 October 1971 U6 Kieferngarten - Goetheplatz 12.0 km
8 May 1972 U3 Münchner Freiheit - Olympiazentrum 4.0 km
22 November 1975 U6/3 Goetheplatz - Harass 2.7 km
1978 U6/3 Poccistraße station 0.0 km
18 October 1980 U2 (then U8) Scheidplatz - Neuperlach Süd 16.0 km
16 April 1983 U6 (West) Harass - Holzapfelkreuth 2.7 km
28 May 1983 U1 (West) Central Station - Rotkreuzplatz 3.3 km
10 March 1984 U4/5 Westendstraße - Karlsplatz (Stachus) (4,6 km)
+ connection tunnel to U6/3 (1,4 km)
6.0 km
1 March 1986 U4/5 Karlsplatz - Odeonsplatz 0.7 km
24 March 1988 U4/5 Westendstraße - Laimer Platz 1.4 km
27 October 1988 U5 Odeonsplatz - Innsbrucker Ring (4.1 km) 4.1 km
U4 Max-Weber-Platz - Arabellapark (3.6 km) 3.6 km
28 October 1989 U3 (South) Implerstraße - Forstenrieder Allee 6.1 km
1 June 1991 U3 (South) Forstenrieder Allee - Fürstenried West 1.9 km
22 May 1993 U6 (West) Holzapfelkreuth - Klinikum Großhadern (Großhadern Clinical Centre) 2.9 km
20 November 1993 U2 (North) Scheidplatz - Dülferstraße 5.0 km
30 June 1994 U6 (North) Kieferngarten - Fröttmaning 1.0 km
28 October 1995 U6 (North) Fröttmaning - Garching-Hochbrück 3.8 km
26 October 1996 U2 (North) Dülferstraße - Feldmoching 1.9 km
9 November 1997 U1 (South) Kolumbusplatz - Mangfallplatz 3.6 km
23 May 1998 U1 (West) Rotkreuzplatz - Westfriedhof 2.0 km
29 May 1999 U2 (East) Innsbrucker Ring - Messestadt Ost 7.7 km
18 October 2003 U1 (West) Westfriedhof - Georg-Brauchle-Ring 0.8 km
31 October 2004 U1 (West) Georg-Brauchle-Ring - Olympia-Einkaufszentrum 0.5 km
14 October 2006 U6 (North) Garching-Hochbrück - Garching-Forschungszentrum 4.4 km
28 October 2007 U3 (North) Olympiazentrum – Olympia-Einkaufszentrum 2,2 km
11 December 2010 U3 (North) Olympia-Einkaufszentrum – Moosach 2,0 km

Extensions[change | change source]

Recent Extensions[change | change source]

Fröttmaning
U6 (North): Upgrade of Fröttmaning Station
Because of the new Allianz Arena (soccer stadium) the nearby U-Bahn station needed to be upgraded. A new, second platform was built and the old platform was moved north by about 100 m. All together the new station has four tracks. Start of construction: 10 October 2002, opened: 4 May 2005
München Marienplatz Tunnelerweiterung.jpg
U3/U6
Upgrade of Marienplatz Station.
Because of more passengers and the new Allianz Arena also this station was extended. New pedestrian tunnels were built and the platforms widened. Start: 27 May 2003, opened: 29 May 2006
U6 (North): Extension Garching-Hochbrück - Garching - Garching-Forschungszentrum
This extension through the town of Garching connects Campus Garching of Munich University of Technology and other research institutes to Munich's subway system. Start: 2 April 2001, opened: 14 October, 2006
U3 (North): Extension Olympia-Einkaufszentrum-Oberwiesenfeld-Olympiazentrum
This extension goes past the Olympiapark and the Oberwiesenfeld on to the Olympiaeinkaufszentrum, where also the U1 ends. opened: 28 October 2007