New York City
|New York City|
|— City —|
|City of New York|
|Midtown Manhattan, the United Nations Headquarters, the Statue of Liberty, the Brooklyn Bridge, Central Park, Times Square, and the Unisphere in Queens|
|Nickname(s): "The Big Apple", "Gotham", "The Center of the Universe", "The City That Never Sleeps", "The Capital of the World", "Metropolis".|
|New York State|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Country||United States of America|
|Historic colony|| Colony of New York
|Counties||Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond|
|• Body||New York City Council|
|• Mayor||Michael Bloomberg (I)|
|• Total||468.5 sq mi (1,213 km2)|
|• Land||302.6 sq mi (784 km2)|
|• Water||165.8 sq mi (429 km2)|
|• Metro||11,842 sq mi (30,670 km2)|
|Elevation||33 ft (10 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||8,336,697|
|• Density||27,550/sq mi (10,640/km2)|
|• Metro||18,897,109 (1st)|
|• CSA||22,214,083 (1st)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code(s)||100xx–104xx, 11004–05, 111xx–114xx, 116xx|
|Area code(s)||212, 347, 646, 718, 917, 929|
|GNIS feature ID||975772|
New York City is the largest city in the United States and New York. Over 8 million people live in it, and over 22 million people live in and around it. It is in the state of New York, which is in the northeastern United States.
The oldest part of the city, the island of Manhattan, still has its original Lenape Native American name. Although Native people such as the Lenape and Canarsees had lived there for many thousands of years, New York City was first explored by Europeans in the 1500's. Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano found the entrance to New York Harbor in the year 1524 and English explorer Henry Hudson named the Hudson River in 1609. New York City was settled by Europeans from The Netherlands in 1624. The Dutch called the whole area of New York "Nieuw Nederland" and they named a fort and town on the south end of Manhattan Island Nieuw Amsterdam (New Amsterdam), after the capital city of the Netherlands, which was to become present-day New York. When the English took over the colony in 1664 they changed the name to New York, to honor the Duke of York, who later became King James II of England. The Dutch surrendered Nieuw Amsterdam without fighting. They were afraid of the English Navy so they traded the town to England for the colony of Surinam in South America, which they thought was worth more money.
By the time the English came to New York, there were many other Dutch towns in what would become New York City, including Breukelen (Brooklyn), Vlissingen (Flushing), and Nieuw Haarlem (Harlem). There were already some English towns in the area also, such as Gravesend in Brooklyn and Newtown in Queens. Dutch and English people had been living together in New York for a long time.
New York quickly grew to become a large and important port city. Many important battles of the American Revolution were fought in northern Manhattan and in Brooklyn. New York was the capital of the United States under the Articles of Confederation from 1785 to 1788. When the US Constitution was made, it stayed as the capital from 1789 until 1790.
In 1898, the cities of New York and Brooklyn came together with the Bronx, Staten Island, and the towns in Queens County to make Greater New York. This is the total area of the City of New York today. Around this time, many new immigrants came into New York City. They came in at Ellis Island, an island in New York's harbor near the Statue of Liberty. Many of them then moved to the Lower East Side neighborhood in Manhattan, which had over a million people living in just a few square miles.
Most of New York City is on three islands near the Atlantic Ocean, although one part is on the mainland of North America. The city includes all of Manhattan Island and Staten Island, and the western end of Long Island. There are also many smaller islands.
The city is divided into five major parts called boroughs. Each one is also a county. They are:
- Manhattan (New York County, on Manhattan Island)
- Brooklyn (Kings County, on Long Island)
- The Bronx (Bronx County, on the mainland)
- Queens (Queens County, on Long Island)
- Staten Island (Richmond County, on Staten Island)
Water divides several parts of the city. Part of the Hudson River forms the border between Manhattan and the Bronx on one side, and the State of New Jersey on the other side. The East River forms the border between Manhattan on one side, and Brooklyn and Queens on the other side. The Harlem River forms the border between Manhattan and the Bronx (except for a small part of Manhattan that is on the mainland). Part of Long Island Sound forms the border between the Bronx and Queens. Newtown Creek is part of the border between Brooklyn and Queens. Some parts of the city are very separate from the others because of water, such as Far Rockaway in Queens and City Island in the Bronx. A small piece of land in Manhattan is international territory and it belongs to the United Nations to use for its buildings.
The hallmark of New York city is its many skyscrapers, especially in Manhattan. In New York City there are about 5600 skyscrapers. 48 of them are over 200 metres tall, which is the highest number of skyscrapers in one area in the world.
New York City currently has over 8 million people. Over 18 million people live in the city and nearby areas. The majority of the people in New York City belong to ethnic groups that are minorities in the US. New York City has had large numbers of immigrants for centuries. In the early 19th Century, they came from Ireland and Germany. Later in the 19th century, they came from Italy, Russia and Eastern Europe. Today, many are from Puerto Rico, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Colombia.
- Statue of Liberty
- Empire State Building
- Rockefeller Center
- George Washington Bridge
- United Nations
- Central Park
- St. Patrick's Cathedral
- Grant's Tomb
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