National symbols of Pakistan
Pakistan has several official national symbols including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. The symbols were adopted at various stages in the existence of Pakistan and there are various rules and regulations governing their definition or use. The oldest symbol is the Lahore Resolution, adopted by the All India Muslim League on 23 March 1940, and which presented the formal demand for greater autonomy for Muslims in united India, and later led to the demand for a separate and independent 'Pakistan'. The Minar-e-Pakistan memorial tower which was built in 1968 on the site where the Lahore Resolution was passed. The national flag was adopted just before independence was achieved on 14 August 1947. The national anthem and the state emblem were each adopted in 1954. There are also several other symbols including the national animal, bird, flower and tree.
|Founder||Muhammad Ali Jinnah||lit. Quaid-e-Azam|
|Mother of the Nation||Fatima Jinnah||lit. Madar-i-Millat|
|National poet||Allama Muhammad Iqbal|
|Official map||by Mahmood Alam Suhrawardy|
|National tree||Deodar||Himalayan Cedar|
|National animal||Markhor||Himalayan Goat-Antelope|
|National bird||Chukar||Red-legged Partridge|
|National game||Field hockey|
|National mosque||Faisal Mosque|
|National monument||Bab-e-Pakistan||lit. Gateway of Pakistan|
|National monument||Pakistan Monument|
- "Basic Facts". Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of Pakistan. http://www.infopak.gov.pk/BasicFacts.aspx. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- "The Legend". Government of Pakistan. http://www.quaid.gov.pk/legend.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- "Celebration: A tribute to Madar-i-Millat". Government of Pakistan. http://www.fatimajinnah.gov.pk/celebration.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- "National Symbols". Ministry of Tourism, Government of Pakistan. http://www.pakistantourism.gov.pk/home.aspx?Sch=47. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- Len McGrane (January/February 1992). "A Mosque in Islamabad". Saudi Aramco World magazine. Aramco Services Company. http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/199201/a.mosque.in.islamabad.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- Neelam Naz (September 13, 2005). "Contribution of Turkish architects to the national architecture of Pakistan: Vedat Dalokay" (PDF). Journal of the Faculty of Architecture (Ankara, Turkey: Middle East Technical University) 22 (2): 56–64. http://jfa.arch.metu.edu.tr/archive/0258-5316/2005/cilt22/sayi_2/51-77.pdf. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- "Bab-e-Pakistan Project". Government of Pakistan. http://bab-e-pakistan.gov.pk/pakistanproject.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- "Musharraf approves Bab-e-Pakistan construction". Government of Pakistan. March 29, 2004. http://www.presidentofpakistan.gov.pk/PRPressReleaseDetail.aspx?nPRPressReleaseId=263&nYear=2007&nMonth=9. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- "Bab-e-Pakistan to be ready by August 2009". Daily Times of Pakistan. April 6, 2007. http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2007/04/06/story_6-4-2007_pg7_47. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- "President Musharraf will inaugurate National Monument on 23rd". Government of Pakistan. March 22, 2007. http://www.pakistan.gov.pk/ministries/ContentInfo.jsp?MinID=29&cPath=499_586&ContentID=3176. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- Imran Naeem Ahmad (March 30, 2007). "National Monument — a symbol of unity". Daily Times of Pakistan. http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2007/03/30/story_30-3-2007_pg11_2. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
Other websites [change]
- The Government of Pakistan
- Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
- Ministry of Culture, Sports and Youth Affairs