Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system. People who study neuroscience are called neuroscientists. In the past, most people thought of neuroscience as a part of biology, but today, neuroscientists use approaches from many other fields. Some of these fields are chemistry, computer science, engineering, linguistics, mathematics, medicine, philosophy, physics, and psychology. Another name for neuroscience is neurobiology. This name refers specifically to the biology of the nervous system. Different parts of neuroscience focus on the genetics, biochemistry, physiology, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system.
Modern neuroscience[change | change source]
There has been more and more study of the nervous system during the last half of the twentieth century. This is mainly because of progress in molecular biology, electrophysiology, and computational neuroscience. This has let neuroscientists study all the aspects of the nervous system: how it is laid out, how it works, how it develops, how and why things go wrong, and how it can be changed. For example, neuroscients now understand what goes on inside a single neuron—a type of cell that is specialized in communication.
Research themes[change | change source]
Neuroscience research from different areas can also be seen as focusing on a set of specific themes and questions. (Some of these are taken from http://www.northwestern.edu/nuin/fac/index.htm)
- Biological rhythms
- Brain imaging or neuroimaging
- Cell biology
- Cell imaging & Electrophysiology
- Neurobiology of disease
- Signal transduction
- Neurobiology of the neuron
- Sensation and perception
- Autonomic nervous system and homeostasis
- Arousal, attention and emotion
- Genetics of the nervous system
- Injury of the nervous systems
Related fields[change | change source]
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Textbooks[change | change source]
- Bear, M.F.; B.W. Connors, and M.A. Paradiso (2001). Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain. Baltimore: Lippincott.
- Kandel, ER; Schwartz JH, Jessell TM (2000). Principles of Neural Science (4th ed. ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
- Squire, L. et al. (2003). Fundamental Neuroscience, 2nd edition. Academic Press; ISBN 0-12-660303-0
- Byrne and Roberts (2004). From Molecules to Networks. Academic Press; ISBN 0-12-148660-5
- Sanes, Reh, Harris (2005). Development of the Nervous System, 2nd edition. Academic Press; ISBN 0-12-618621-9
- Siegel et al. (2005). Basic Neurochemistry, 7th edition. Academic Press; ISBN 0-12-088397-X
- Rieke, F. et al. (1999). Spikes: Exploring the Neural Code. The MIT Press; Reprint edition ISBN 0-262-68108-0
Online textbooks[change | change source]
- Neuroscience 2nd ed. Dale Purves et al. Published by Sinauer Associates, Inc., 2001.
- Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular, and Medical Aspects 6th ed. by George J. Siegel et al. Published by Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 1999.
Popular works[change | change source]
- Andreasen, Nancy C. (March 4 2004). Brave New Brain: Conquering Mental Illness in the Era of the Genome. Oxford University Press. 392 pages, 56 halftones & line illus.; 8 color plates, 234x154 mm.
- Damasio, A. R. (1994). Descartes' Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain. New York, Avon Books. ISBN 0-399-13894-3 (Hardcover) ISBN 0-380-72647-5 (Paperback)
- Gardner, H. (1976). The Shattered Mind: The Person After Brain Damage. New York, Vintage Books, 1976 ISBN 0-394-71946-8
- Luria, A. R. (1997). The Man with a Shattered World: The History of a Brain Wound. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-224-00792-0 (Hardcover) ISBN 0-674-54625-3 (Paperback)
- Sacks, O. The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat. Summit Books ISBN 0-671-55471-9 (Hardcover) ISBN 0-06-097079-0 (Paperback)
- Sacks, O. (1990). Awakenings. New York, Vintage Books. (See also Oliver Sacks) ISBN 0-671-64834-9 (Hardcover) ISBN 0-06-097368-4 (Paperback)
- Sternberg, E. (2007) Are You a Machine? The Brain, the Mind and What it Means to be Human. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
Notes From Online Courses[change | change source]
- Intro to Neuroscience - Smith College Spring 2005
Other websites[change | change source]
- High-Resolution Cytoarchitectural Primate Brain Atlases
- Society for Neuroscience
- Neural Plasticity-Open Access Journal (Hindawi Publishing)
- Neuroscience. 2nd ed. by Purves et al. (online textbook)
- Neuroscience for Kids