Niger

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Republic of Niger
République du Niger (French)
Jamhuriyar Nijar (Hausa)
Motto: "Fraternité, Travail, Progrès"  (French)
"Fraternity, Work, Progress"
Anthem: La Nigérienne
Location of  Niger  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Niger  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Niamey
13°32′N 2°05′E / 13.533°N 2.083°E / 13.533; 2.083
Official languages French
National languages Hausa, Fulfulde, Gulmancema, Kanuri, Zarma, Tamasheq
Demonym Nigerien (/nɪrɪˈɛn/ or /nˈʒɛəriən/)[1][2]
Government Semi-presidential republic
 -  President Mahamadou Issoufou
 -  Prime Minister Brigi Rafini
Independence from France
 -  Declared 3 August 1960 
Area
 -  Total 1,267,000 km2 (22nd)
489,678 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 0.02
Population
 -  July 2011 estimate 15,730,754[3] (63rd)
 -  2001 census 10,790,352
 -  Density 12.1/km2
31.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $11.783 billion[4] (140th)
 -  Per capita $781[4] (175th)
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $6.286 billion[4] (143rd)
 -  Per capita $417[4] (177th)
Gini (1995) 50.5
high
HDI (2011) Increase 0.295
low · 186th
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on the right[5]
Calling code 227
Internet TLD .ne

Niger is a country in western Africa. The capital is Niamey, and the official language is French. It is surrounded by Algeria and Libya to the north, Chad to the east, Nigeria and Benin to the south, and Burkina Faso and Mali to the west. Niger is landlocked, meaning it has no coastline. Niger gets its name from the Niger River.

The Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire both had land in what is now Niger. Later France controlled the land that is now Niger. Niger has a population, or the number of people living in an area, of 15,306,252 and an area of 1,267,000 square kilometres. Much of Niger is desert.

After a military coup in 2010, Niger is now a democratic, multi-party state. Most of the people live in rural areas, and have little access to advanced education.

Geography[change | change source]

Niger is on the border between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions. Niger's area is 1,267,000 square kilometres (489,191 sq mi) of which 300 square kilometres (116 sq mi) is water. It is the world's twenty-second largest country. Niger borders seven countries. The longest border is with Nigeria to the south.

The lowest point is the Niger River. The elevation is 200 metres (656 ft). The highest point is Mont Idoukal-n-Taghès in the Aïr Mountains at 2,022 m (6,634 ft).

Cities[change | change source]

This table shows cities with a population over 10,000, according to 2001 census.

City Census division Population
2001[6]
Position[7]
Abalak Tahoua 12,764 15°27′08″N 6°16′42″E / 15.4522222°N 6.2783333°E / 15.4522222; 6.2783333
Agadez Agadez 78,289 16°58′26″N 7°59′27″E / 16.9738889°N 7.9908333°E / 16.9738889; 7.9908333
Aguié Maradi 11,475 13°30′29″N 7°46′38″E / 13.5080556°N 7.7772222°E / 13.5080556; 7.7772222
Arlit Agadez 69,435 18°43′57″N 7°22′05″E / 18.7325°N 7.3680556°E / 18.7325; 7.3680556
Birni Ngaouré Dosso 10,775 13°05′16″N 2°55′01″E / 13.0877778°N 2.9169444°E / 13.0877778; 2.9169444
Birni Nkonni Tahoua 44,663 13°48′N 5°15′E / 13.8°N 5.25°E / 13.8; 5.25
Dakoro Maradi 18,875 13°49′00″N 6°25′00″E / 13.8166667°N 6.4166667°E / 13.8166667; 6.4166667
Diffa Diffa 23,409 13°18′56″N 12°36′32″E / 13.3155556°N 12.6088889°E / 13.3155556; 12.6088889
Dogondoutchi Dosso 29,244 13°38′46″N 4°01′44″E / 13.6461111°N 4.0288889°E / 13.6461111; 4.0288889
Dosso Dosso 43,561 13°02′40″N 3°11′41″E / 13.0444444°N 3.1947222°E / 13.0444444; 3.1947222
Filingué Tillabéri 11,661 14°21′00″N 3°19′00″E / 14.35°N 3.3166667°E / 14.35; 3.3166667
Gaya Dosso 28,385 11°53′16″N 3°26′48″E / 11.8877778°N 3.4466667°E / 11.8877778; 3.4466667
Gouré Zinder 13,422 13°59′13″N 10°16′12″E / 13.9869444°N 10.27°E / 13.9869444; 10.27
Guidan Roumji Maradi 10,744 13°51′00″N 6°58′00″E / 13.85°N 6.9666667°E / 13.85; 6.9666667
Illéla Tahoua 15,805 14°27′42″N 5°14′51″E / 14.4616667°N 5.2475°E / 14.4616667; 5.2475
Kollo Tillabéri 10,533 13°18′31″N 2°19′51″E / 13.3086111°N 2.3308333°E / 13.3086111; 2.3308333
Madaoua Tahoua 22,175 14°06′00″N 6°26′00″E / 14.1°N 6.4333333°E / 14.1; 6.4333333
Magaria Zinder 17,776 14°34′00″N 8°44′00″E / 14.5666667°N 8.7333333°E / 14.5666667; 8.7333333
Maïné-Soroa Diffa 10,176 13°13′04″N 12°01′36″E / 13.2177778°N 12.0266667°E / 13.2177778; 12.0266667
Maradi Maradi 148,017 13°29′30″N 7°05′47″E / 13.4916667°N 7.0963889°E / 13.4916667; 7.0963889
Matameye Zinder 17,930 13°25′26″N 8°28′40″E / 13.4238889°N 8.4777778°E / 13.4238889; 8.4777778
Mirria Zinder 19,161 13°42′51″N 9°09′02″E / 13.7141667°N 9.1505556°E / 13.7141667; 9.1505556
Nguigmi Diffa 15,922 14°15′10″N 13°06′39″E / 14.2527778°N 13.1108333°E / 14.2527778; 13.1108333
Niamey Niamey Capital District 707,951 13°31′00″N 2°07′00″E / 13.5166667°N 2.1166667°E / 13.5166667; 2.1166667
Say Tillabéri 10,502 13°06′29″N 2°21′35″E / 13.1080556°N 2.3597222°E / 13.1080556; 2.3597222
Tahoua Tahoua 73,002 14°53′25″N 5°16′04″E / 14.8902778°N 5.2677778°E / 14.8902778; 5.2677778
Tânout Zinder 15,779 14°58′13″N 8°53′30″E / 14.9702778°N 8.8916667°E / 14.9702778; 8.8916667
Tchirozérine Agadez 10,032 17°15′37″N 7°45′03″E / 17.2602778°N 7.7508333°E / 17.2602778; 7.7508333
Téra Tillabéri 19,508 14°00′38″N 0°45′11″E / 14.0105556°N 0.7530556°E / 14.0105556; 0.7530556
Tessaoua Maradi 31,667 13°45′12″N 7°59′11″E / 13.7533333°N 7.9863889°E / 13.7533333; 7.9863889
Tillabéri Tillabéri 16,683 14°12′22″N 1°27′12″E / 14.206146°N 1.453457°E / 14.206146; 1.453457
Zinder Zinder 170,575 13°48′00″N 8°59′00″E / 13.8°N 8.9833333°E / 13.8; 8.9833333

Climate[change | change source]

Niger's subtropical climate is mainly very hot and dry. There is much desert area. In the extreme south there is a tropical climate on the edges of the Niger River basin. The land is mostly desert plains and sand dunes. There are flat to rolling savanna in the south and hills in the north.

Education[change | change source]

The literacy rate of Niger is among the lowest in the world. In 2005 it was estimated to be only 28.7% (42.9% male and 15.1% female).[8] Primary education in Niger is required for six years.[9] The primary school enrollment and attendance rates are low, particularly for girls.[9] Children are often made to work rather than attend school. This is particularly true during planting or harvest periods.

Other pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]