Nitrocellulose

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Nitrocellulose[1]
Nitrocellulose-2D-skeletal.png
Nitrocellulose-3D-balls.png
Other names Cellulose nitrate; Flash paper; Gun cotton; Collodion; Pyroxylin
Identifiers
CAS number 9004-70-0
Properties
Molar mass Variable
Appearance Yellowish white cotton-like filaments
Melting point

160–170 °C (ignites)

Hazards
Flash point 4.4 °C
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Nitrocellulose (also: cellulose nitrate, flash paper) catches fire quickly. It is formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent. When used as a propellant or low-order explosive, it is also known as guncotton. Nitrocellulose can be plasticized by camphor. Kodak, and other suppliers, used placticized nitrocellulose as a film base in photograph, X-ray films and motion picture films. People call this nitrate film. After numerous fires caused by unstable nitrate films, safety film started to be used from the 1930s in the case of X-ray stock and from 1948 for motion picture film.

References[change | change source]

  1. Merck Index, 11th Edition, 8022.