Nobuyuki Abe

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Nobuyuki Abe (阿部 信行 Abe Nobuyuki?, November 24, 1875–September 7, 1953), also known as Noboyuki Abe, was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, Governor-General of Korea, and 36th Prime Minister of Japan from August 30, 1939 to January 16, 1940.[1]

Early life[change | edit source]

Abe was born into an ex-samurai family in Kanazawa city, Ishikawa Prefecture.

Abe attended Tokyo No.1 Middle School (Tokyo Metropolitan Hibiya High School) followed by No.4 High School. While still a student, he volunteered for military service during the First Sino-Japanese War.

After the war, Abe graduated from the Imperial Japanese Army Academy. He was part of the 19th class of the Army War College.

Military Career[change | edit source]

Abe became commander of the 3rd Field Artillery Regiment from 1918-1921. In August 1918, his regiment was sent to Siberia during Japan's Siberian Intervention, but was never in combat.

Abe was appointed commander of the 4th Infantry Division on December 22, 1930.[2]

He later served as instructor in the Army War College followed by chief of the Military Affairs Bureau and as Vice Minister of the Army.

In 1933, Abe was promoted to full general. He was Commander-in-Chief of the Taiwan Army.[2]

In 1936, he was placed on the reserve list.[2]

Politician[change | edit source]

Abe Nobuyuki became 36th Prime Minister on August 30, 1939.[3]

Abe was replaced by Mitsumasa Yonai in January 1940.[3]

Abe joined the House of Peers in 1942.

He was appointed the 10th (and last) Governor-General of Korea in 1944 and 1945.[2]

After World War II, Abe was arrested by the Americans under General Douglas MacArthur. He was not charged with any war crimes and he was soon released.[2]

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Abe Nobuyuki" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 3.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Generals.dk, "Generals from Japan: Abe, Nobuyuki"; retrieved 2012-4-29.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Prime Minister of Japan and Cabinet (Kantei), "Prime Ministers in History, 31st-60th (1934-1964)"; retrieved 2011-4-29.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Nobuyuki Abe at Wikimedia Commons

Political offices
Preceded by
Hachirō Arita
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1939
Succeeded by
Kichisaburō Nomura
Preceded by
Kiichirō Hiranuma
Prime Minister of Japan
1939–1940
Succeeded by
Mitsumasa Yonai
Preceded by
Kuniaki Koiso
Governor General of Korea
1944–1945
Position abolished