Olympe de Gouges

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Olympe de Gouges (1748-1793), born Marie Gouze, was a French playwright and feminist activist. In 1791, she wrote Déclaration des droits de la Femme et de la Citoyenne ("Declaration of the rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen") in response to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

In 1784 she wrote a play that supported slavery being abolished (gotten rid of). It was performed as L’Esclavage des nègres ("Slavery of the negroes") in December of 1789. It shut down after three performances. It was published in 1792 as L'Esclavage des noirs ("Slavery of the blacks").

De Gouges was executed with a guillotine during the Reign of Terror after being put in prison for her poster Les trois urnes, ou le salut de la Patrie, par un voyageur aérien.