The one-child policy or family planning policy is a policy introduced in the People's Republic of China in the year 1979. After the Second World War, the Chinese population grew a great deal. The policy was introduced to control population growth and says that Chinese families should only have one child. There are several exceptions to this rule, According to a spokesperson, about 36% of the Chinese population is affected by the rule. The policy does not apply in areas such as Hong Kong, Macau, or Tibet.
If the limit is exceeded, the family must pay money to the government. Since 1979, the policy has prevented 400 million births from occurring. 76% of the Chinese population support the policy along with many members of the Chinese government.[source?]
- "Most people free to have more child". 7/11/2007. http://www2.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2007-07/11/content_5432238.htm. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
- BBC: China steps up "one-child policy".