Organization of American States
The Organization of American States (OAS in English; OEA in the other three official languages) is an international organization based in Washington, D.C. It has all thirty-five independent nations of the Americas as its members.
Many persons and politicians of different countries of North America and South America had thought of an organization of their countries. These countries have also formed different organizations from time to time. Beginning from 1889-1890, these countries held meetings known as the International Conference of American States. At its first conference, 18 countries formed the International Union of American Republics.
In 1910, these countries held the Fourth International Conference of American States at Buenos Aires. They changed the name of the International Union of American Republics to the Union of American Republics. These countries held the ninth International Conference of American States between March and May 1948 at Bogotá. On 30th April 1948, 21 countries signed an agreement. They called this agreement the Charter of the Organization of American States. This was the beginning of the Organization of American States (OAS). OAS started functioning from December 1951.
The Charter of the OAS states the goals for forming the OAS. There are many goals. Some important goals relate to peace and security for these countries; development of democratic governments; and economic cooperation.
All 35 independent nations of America are members of the OAS. Upon foundation on 5 May 1948 there were 21 members:
The later expansion of the OAS included the newly independent nations of the Caribbean (most of whom gained independence only after World War II) and Canada. Members with later admission dates (sorted chronologically):
- Barbados (member since 1967)
- Trinidad and Tobago (1967)
- Jamaica (1969)
- Grenada (1975)
- Suriname (1977)
- Dominica (1979)
- Saint Lucia (1979)
- Antigua and Barbuda (1981)
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1981)
- Bahamas (1982)
- Saint Kitts and Nevis (1984)
- Canada (1990)
- Belize (1991)
- Guyana (1991)
- Suspended between 1962–2009. Has chosen not to reapply for participation.
- Suspended in 2009. Reinstated in 2011
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