It is the county seat of Daviess County. In 2010, there were 57,265 people living in Owensboro. The city was named after Colonel Abraham Owen.
On August 14, 1936, downtown Owensboro was the site of the last public hanging in the United States. Rainey Bethea was hanged for the rape and murder of 70-year-old Lischa Edwards.
The end of the Second World War brought civil engineering projects, which helped turn Owensboro from a sleepy industrial town into a modern, expanding community by the turn of the 1960s.
Texas Gas Transmission Corporation was created in 1948 with the merger of Memphis Natural Gas Company and Kentucky Natural Gas Corporation and made its headquarters in Owensboro.
The institutions with the most employees (people working for them) in the city are Owensboro Medical Health System Hospital (3,300 people), U.S. Bank Home Mortgage (1,261 people), Owensboro Public Schools (778 people), Specialty Foods Group (470 people), Walmart (541 people), and Unilever (515 people).
Owensboro is located at 37°45′28″N 87°7′6″W (37.757748, −87.118390), on the Ohio River.